Encryption in Transit - Amazon FSx for Windows File Server

Encryption in Transit

Encryption of data in transit is supported on file shares that are mapped on a compute instance that supports SMB protocol 3.0 or newer. This includes all Windows versions starting from Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8, and all Linux clients with Samba client version 4.2 or newer. Amazon FSx for Windows File Server automatically encrypts data in transit using SMB encryption as you access your file system without the need for you to modify your applications.

SMB encryption uses AES-128-GCM or AES-128-CCM (with the GCM variant being chosen if the client supports SMB 3.1.1) as its encryption algorithm, and also provides data integrity with signing using SMB Kerberos session keys. The use of AES-128-GCM leads to better performance, for example, up to a 2x performance improvement when copying large files over encrypted SMB connections.

To meet compliance requirements for always encrypting data-in-transit, you can limit file system access to only allow access to clients that support SMB encryption. You can also enable or disable in-transit encryption per file share or to the entire file system. This allows you to have a mix of encrypted and unencrypted file shares on the same file system. To learn more about managing encryption-in-transit on your file system, see Managing encryption in transit.