Crawler prerequisites - AWS Glue

Crawler prerequisites

The crawler assumes the permissions of the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that you specify when you define it. This IAM role must have permissions to extract data from your data store and write to the Data Catalog. The AWS Glue console lists only IAM roles that have attached a trust policy for the AWS Glue principal service. From the console, you can also create an IAM role with an IAM policy to access Amazon S3 data stores accessed by the crawler. For more information about providing roles for AWS Glue, see Identity-based policies (IAM policies) for access control.

Note

When crawling a Delta Lake data store, you must have Read/Write permissions to the Amazon S3 location.

For your crawler, you can create a role and attach the following policies:

  • The AWSGlueServiceRole AWS managed policy, which grants the required permissions on the Data Catalog

  • An inline policy that grants permissions on the data source.

A quicker approach is to let the AWS Glue console crawler wizard create a role for you. The role that it creates is specifically for the crawler, and includes the AWSGlueServiceRole AWS managed policy plus the required inline policy for the specified data source.

If you specify an existing role for a crawler, ensure that it includes the AWSGlueServiceRole policy or equivalent (or a scoped down version of this policy), plus the required inline policies. For example, for an Amazon S3 data store, the inline policy would at a minimum be the following:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "s3:GetObject", "s3:PutObject" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:s3:::bucket/object*" ] } ] }

For an Amazon DynamoDB data store, the policy would at a minimum be the following:

{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "dynamodb:DescribeTable", "dynamodb:Scan" ], "Resource": [ "arn:aws:dynamodb:region:account-id:table/table-name*" ] } ] }

In addition, if the crawler reads AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) encrypted Amazon S3 data, then the IAM role must have decrypt permission on the AWS KMS key. For more information, see Step 2: Create an IAM role for AWS Glue.