Amazon HealthLake and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) - Amazon HealthLake

Amazon HealthLake and interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink)

You can establish a private connection between your VPC and Amazon HealthLake by creating an interface VPC endpoint. Interface VPC endpoints are powered by AWS PrivateLink, a technology that you can use to privately access HealthLake APIs without an internet gateway, NAT device, VPN connection, or AWS Direct Connect connection. Instances in your VPC don't need public IP addresses to communicate with HealthLake APIs. Traffic between your VPC and HealthLake does not leave the Amazon network.

Each interface endpoint is represented by one or more Elastic Network Interfaces in your subnets.

For more information, see Interface VPC endpoints (AWS PrivateLink) in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Considerations for HealthLake VPC endpoints

Before you set up an interface VPC endpoint for HealthLake, be sure you review Interface endpoint properties and limitations in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

HealthLake supports making calls to all of its API actions from your VPC.

Creating an interface VPC endpoint for HealthLake

You can create a VPC endpoint for the HealthLake service using either the Amazon VPC console or the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI). For more information, see Creating an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Create a VPC endpoint for HealthLake using the following service name:

  • com.amazonaws.region.healthlake

If you turn on private DNS for the endpoint, you can make API requests to HealthLake using its default DNS name for the Region. For example, healthlake.us-east-1.amazonaws.com.

For more information, see Accessing a service through an interface endpoint in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Creating a VPC endpoint policy for HealthLake

You can attach an endpoint policy to your VPC endpoint that controls access to HealthLake. The policy specifies the following information:

  • The principal that can perform actions.

  • The actions that can be performed.

  • The resources on which actions can be performed.

For more information, see Controlling access to services with VPC endpoints in the Amazon VPC User Guide.

Example: VPC endpoint policy for HealthLake actions

The following is an example of an endpoint policy for HealthLake. When attached to an endpoint, this policy grants access to the HealthLake CreateFHIRDatastore action for all principals on all resources.

{ "Statement":[ { "Principal":"*", "Effect":"Allow", "Action":[ "healthlake:create-fhir-datastore" ], "Resource":"*" } ] }