Pantau Keranjang Sampah menggunakan AWS CloudTrail - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

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Pantau Keranjang Sampah menggunakan AWS CloudTrail

Layanan Recycle Bin terintegrasi denganAWS CloudTrail. CloudTrail adalah layanan yang menyediakan catatan tindakan yang diambil oleh pengguna, peran, atau AWS layanan. CloudTrail menangkap semua panggilan API yang dilakukan di Recycle Bin sebagai peristiwa. Jika Anda membuat jejak, Anda dapat mengaktifkan pengiriman CloudTrail acara secara terus menerus ke bucket Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3). Jika Anda tidak mengonfigurasi jejak, Anda masih dapat melihat peristiwa manajemen terbaru di CloudTrail konsol dalam Riwayat acara. Anda dapat menggunakan informasi yang dikumpulkan oleh CloudTrail untuk menentukan permintaan yang dibuat untuk Recycle Bin, alamat IP dari mana permintaan dibuat, siapa yang membuat permintaan, kapan dibuat, dan detail tambahan.

Untuk informasi selengkapnya CloudTrail, lihat Panduan AWS CloudTrail Pengguna.

Informasi Recycle Bin di CloudTrail

CloudTrail diaktifkan di AWS akun Anda saat Anda membuat akun. Ketika aktivitas acara yang didukung terjadi di Recycle Bin, aktivitas tersebut direkam dalam suatu CloudTrail peristiwa bersama dengan peristiwa AWS layanan lainnya dalam riwayat Acara. Anda dapat melihat, mencari, dan mengunduh peristiwa terbaru di akun AWS. Untuk informasi selengkapnya, lihat Melihat Acara dengan Riwayat CloudTrail Acara.

Untuk catatan peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung di akun AWS Anda, termasuk peristiwa untuk Keranjang Sampah, akan membuat jejak. Jejak memungkinkan CloudTrail untuk mengirimkan file log ke bucket S3. Secara bawaan, ketika Anda membuat jejak di konsol tersebut, jejak diterapkan ke semua Wilayah AWS. Jejak mencatat peristiwa dari semua Wilayah di partisi AWS dan mengirimkan file log ke bucket S3 yang Anda tentukan. Selain itu, Anda dapat mengonfigurasi AWS layanan lain untuk menganalisis lebih lanjut dan menindaklanjuti data peristiwa yang dikumpulkan dalam CloudTrail log. Untuk informasi selengkapnya, lihat Gambaran Umum tentang pembuatan jejak di Panduan Pengguna AWS CloudTrail.

Tindakan API yang didukung

Untuk Recycle Bin, Anda dapat menggunakan CloudTrail untuk mencatat tindakan API berikut sebagai peristiwa manajemen.

  • CreateRule

  • UpdateRule

  • GetRules

  • ListRule

  • DeleteRule

  • TagResource

  • UntagResource

  • ListTagsForResource

  • LockRule

  • UnlockRule

Untuk informasi selengkapnya tentang peristiwa pengelolaan logging, lihat peristiwa manajemen logging untuk jejak di Panduan CloudTrail Pengguna.

Informasi identitas

Setiap peristiwa atau entri log berisi informasi tentang siapa yang membuat permintaan tersebut. Informasi identitas membantu Anda menentukan berikut hal ini:

  • Baik permintaan tersebut dibuat dengan kredensial pengguna root atau pengguna.

  • Baik permintaan tersebut dibuat dengan kredensial keamanan sementara untuk peran atau pengguna gabungan.

  • Apakah permintaan dibuat oleh layanan AWS lain.

Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, lihat CloudTrail userIdentityElement.

Memahami entri file log Keranjang Sampah

Trail adalah konfigurasi yang memungkinkan pengiriman peristiwa sebagai file log ke bucket S3 yang Anda tentukan. CloudTrail file log berisi satu atau lebih entri log. Peristiwa mewakili permintaan tunggal dari sumber manapun dan mencakup informasi tentang tindakan yang diminta, tanggal dan waktu tindakan, parameter permintaan, dan sebagainya. CloudTrail file log bukanlah jejak tumpukan yang diurutkan dari panggilan API publik, jadi file tersebut tidak muncul dalam urutan tertentu.

Berikut ini adalah contoh entri CloudTrail log.

CreateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:22Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 7, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
GetRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:33Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
ListRules
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:44:37Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListRules", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "resourceTags": [ { "resourceTagKey": "test", "resourceTagValue": "test" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
UpdateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:03Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UpdateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 365, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
DeleteRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:25Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
TagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:43:15Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "TagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tags": [ { "key": "purpose", "value": "production" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "examplee-7962-49ec-8633-795efexample", "eventID": "example4-6826-4c0a-bdec-0bab1example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
UntagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:44:16Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UntagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tagKeys": [ "purpose" ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example7-6c1e-4f09-9e46-bb957example", "eventID": "example6-75ff-4c94-a1cd-4d5f5example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
ListTagsForResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:42:31Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListTagsForResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example8-10c7-43d4-b147-3d9d9example", "eventID": "example2-24fc-4da7-a479-c9748example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
LockRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2022-10-25T00:45:11Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2022-10-25T00:45:19Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "LockRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "python-requests/2.25.1", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "lockConfiguration": { "unlockDelay": { "unlockDelayValue": 7, "unlockDelayUnit": "DAYS" } } }, "responseElements": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "description": "", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT", "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 7, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "resourceTags": [], "status": "available", "lockConfiguration": { "unlockDelay": { "unlockDelayValue": 7, "unlockDelayUnit": "DAYS" } }, "lockState": "locked" }, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
UnlockRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "creationDate": "2022-10-25T00:45:11Z", "mfaAuthenticated": "false" } } }, "eventTime": "2022-10-25T00:46:17Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UnlockRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "python-requests/2.25.1", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "description": "", "resourceType": "EC2_IMAGE", "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 7, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "resourceTags": [], "status": "available", "lockConfiguration": { "unlockDelay": { "unlockDelayValue": 7, "unlockDelayUnit": "DAYS" } }, "lockState": "pending_unlock", "lockEndTime": "Nov 1, 2022, 12:46:17 AM" }, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "eventCategory": "Management", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }