Contoh kode untuk Amazon EC2 menggunakan SDK AWS - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

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Contoh kode untuk Amazon EC2 menggunakan SDK AWS

Contoh kode berikut ini menunjukkan cara untuk menggunakan Amazon EC2 dengan kit pengembangan perangkat lunak (SDK) AWS.

Tindakan merupakan kutipan kode dari program yang lebih besar dan harus dijalankan dalam konteks. Meskipun tindakan menunjukkan cara memanggil setiap fungsi layanan, Anda dapat melihat tindakan dalam konteks pada skenario yang terkait dan contoh lintas layanan.

Skenario adalah contoh kode yang menunjukkan cara untuk menyelesaikan tugas tertentu dengan memanggil beberapa fungsi dalam layanan yang sama.

Untuk melihat daftar lengkap panduan developer SDK AWS dan contoh-contoh kode, silakan lihat Menggunakan layanan ini dengan AWS SDK. Topik ini juga berisi informasi tentang cara memulai dan detail tentang versi SDK sebelumnya.

Ayo Memulai

Contoh kode berikut ini menunjukkan cara mendapatkan data tentang tipe instans Amazon EC2.

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

namespace EC2Actions; public class HelloEc2 { /// <summary> /// HelloEc2 lists the existing security groups for the default users. /// </summary> /// <param name="args">Command line arguments</param> /// <returns>A Task object.</returns> static async Task Main(string[] args) { // Set up dependency injection for Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2). using var host = Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting.Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(args) .ConfigureServices((_, services) => services.AddAWSService<IAmazonEC2>() .AddTransient<EC2Wrapper>() ) .Build(); // Now the client is available for injection. var ec2Client = host.Services.GetRequiredService<IAmazonEC2>(); var request = new DescribeSecurityGroupsRequest { MaxResults = 10, }; // Retrieve information about up to 10 Amazon EC2 security groups. var response = await ec2Client.DescribeSecurityGroupsAsync(request); // Now print the security groups returned by the call to // DescribeSecurityGroupsAsync. Console.WriteLine("Security Groups:"); response.SecurityGroups.ForEach(group => { Console.WriteLine($"Security group: {group.GroupName} ID: {group.GroupId}"); }); } }
C++
SDK for C++
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

Kode untuk file CMake MakeLists C.txt.

# Set the minimum required version of CMake for this project. cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.13) # Set the AWS service components used by this project. set(SERVICE_COMPONENTS ec2) # Set this project's name. project("hello_ec2") # Set the C++ standard to use to build this target. # At least C++ 11 is required for the AWS SDK for C++. set(CMAKE_CXX_STANDARD 11) # Use the MSVC variable to determine if this is a Windows build. set(WINDOWS_BUILD ${MSVC}) if (WINDOWS_BUILD) # Set the location where CMake can find the installed libraries for the AWS SDK. string(REPLACE ";" "/aws-cpp-sdk-all;" SYSTEM_MODULE_PATH "${CMAKE_SYSTEM_PREFIX_PATH}/aws-cpp-sdk-all") list(APPEND CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH ${SYSTEM_MODULE_PATH}) endif () # Find the AWS SDK for C++ package. find_package(AWSSDK REQUIRED COMPONENTS ${SERVICE_COMPONENTS}) if (WINDOWS_BUILD) # Copy relevant AWS SDK for C++ libraries into the current binary directory for running and debugging. # set(BIN_SUB_DIR "/Debug") # If you are building from the command line, you may need to uncomment this # and set the proper subdirectory to the executables' location. AWSSDK_CPY_DYN_LIBS(SERVICE_COMPONENTS "" ${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}${BIN_SUB_DIR}) endif () add_executable(${PROJECT_NAME} hello_ec2.cpp) target_link_libraries(${PROJECT_NAME} ${AWSSDK_LINK_LIBRARIES})

Kode untuk file sumber hello_ec2.cpp.

#include <aws/core/Aws.h> #include <aws/ec2/EC2Client.h> #include <aws/ec2/model/DescribeInstancesRequest.h> #include <iomanip> #include <iostream> /* * A "Hello EC2" starter application which initializes an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) client and describes * the Amazon EC2 instances. * * main function * * Usage: 'hello_ec2' * */ int main(int argc, char **argv) { Aws::SDKOptions options; // Optionally change the log level for debugging. // options.loggingOptions.logLevel = Utils::Logging::LogLevel::Debug; Aws::InitAPI(options); // Should only be called once. int result = 0; { Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration clientConfig; // Optional: Set to the AWS Region (overrides config file). // clientConfig.region = "us-east-1"; Aws::EC2::EC2Client ec2Client(clientConfig); Aws::EC2::Model::DescribeInstancesRequest request; bool header = false; bool done = false; while (!done) { auto outcome = ec2Client.DescribeInstances(request); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { if (!header) { std::cout << std::left << std::setw(48) << "Name" << std::setw(20) << "ID" << std::setw(25) << "Ami" << std::setw(15) << "Type" << std::setw(15) << "State" << std::setw(15) << "Monitoring" << std::endl; header = true; } const std::vector<Aws::EC2::Model::Reservation> &reservations = outcome.GetResult().GetReservations(); for (const auto &reservation: reservations) { const std::vector<Aws::EC2::Model::Instance> &instances = reservation.GetInstances(); for (const auto &instance: instances) { Aws::String instanceStateString = Aws::EC2::Model::InstanceStateNameMapper::GetNameForInstanceStateName( instance.GetState().GetName()); Aws::String typeString = Aws::EC2::Model::InstanceTypeMapper::GetNameForInstanceType( instance.GetInstanceType()); Aws::String monitorString = Aws::EC2::Model::MonitoringStateMapper::GetNameForMonitoringState( instance.GetMonitoring().GetState()); Aws::String name = "Unknown"; const std::vector<Aws::EC2::Model::Tag> &tags = instance.GetTags(); auto nameIter = std::find_if(tags.cbegin(), tags.cend(), [](const Aws::EC2::Model::Tag &tag) { return tag.GetKey() == "Name"; }); if (nameIter != tags.cend()) { name = nameIter->GetValue(); } std::cout << std::setw(48) << name << std::setw(20) << instance.GetInstanceId() << std::setw(25) << instance.GetImageId() << std::setw(15) << typeString << std::setw(15) << instanceStateString << std::setw(15) << monitorString << std::endl; } } if (!outcome.GetResult().GetNextToken().empty()) { request.SetNextToken(outcome.GetResult().GetNextToken()); } else { done = true; } } else { std::cerr << "Failed to describe EC2 instances:" << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; result = 1; break; } } } Aws::ShutdownAPI(options); // Should only be called once. return result; }
Java
SDK for Java 2.x
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ec2.Ec2Client; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ec2.model.DescribeSecurityGroupsRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ec2.model.DescribeSecurityGroupsResponse; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ec2.model.SecurityGroup; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ec2.model.Ec2Exception; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class DescribeSecurityGroups { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = "To run this example, supply a group id\n" + "Ex: DescribeSecurityGroups <groupId>\n"; if (args.length != 1) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String groupId = args[0]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; Ec2Client ec2 = Ec2Client.builder() .region(region) .build(); describeEC2SecurityGroups(ec2, groupId); ec2.close(); } public static void describeEC2SecurityGroups(Ec2Client ec2, String groupId) { try { DescribeSecurityGroupsRequest request = DescribeSecurityGroupsRequest.builder() .groupIds(groupId) .build(); DescribeSecurityGroupsResponse response = ec2.describeSecurityGroups(request); for (SecurityGroup group : response.securityGroups()) { System.out.printf( "Found Security Group with id %s, " + "vpc id %s " + "and description %s", group.groupId(), group.vpcId(), group.description()); } } catch (Ec2Exception e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } }
JavaScript
SDK untuk JavaScript (v3)
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

import { DescribeSecurityGroupsCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-ec2"; import { client } from "./libs/client.js"; // Call DescribeSecurityGroups and display the result. export const main = async () => { try { const { SecurityGroups } = await client.send( new DescribeSecurityGroupsCommand({}), ); const securityGroupList = SecurityGroups.slice(0, 9) .map((sg) => ` • ${sg.GroupId}: ${sg.GroupName}`) .join("\n"); console.log( "Hello, Amazon EC2! Let's list up to 10 of your security groups:", ); console.log(securityGroupList); } catch (err) { console.error(err); } };
Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

suspend fun describeEC2SecurityGroups(groupId: String) { val request = DescribeSecurityGroupsRequest { groupIds = listOf(groupId) } Ec2Client { region = "us-west-2" }.use { ec2 -> val response = ec2.describeSecurityGroups(request) response.securityGroups?.forEach { group -> println("Found Security Group with id ${group.groupId}, vpc id ${group.vpcId} and description ${group.description}") } } }
Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
catatan

Ada lebih banyak tentang GitHub. Temukan contoh lengkapnya dan pelajari cara mengatur dan menjalankannya di Repositori Contoh Kode AWS.

import boto3 def hello_ec2(ec2_resource): """ Use the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3) to create an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) resource and list the security groups in your account. This example uses the default settings specified in your shared credentials and config files. :param ec2_resource: A Boto3 EC2 ServiceResource object. This object is a high-level resource that wraps the low-level EC2 service API. """ print("Hello, Amazon EC2! Let's list up to 10 of your security groups:") for sg in ec2_resource.security_groups.limit(10): print(f"\t{sg.id}: {sg.group_name}") if __name__ == "__main__": hello_ec2(boto3.resource("ec2"))