AWS SDK またはコマンドラインツールSendEmailで を使用する - AWS SDK コード例

Doc AWS SDK Examples リポジトリには、他にも SDK の例があります。 AWS GitHub

翻訳は機械翻訳により提供されています。提供された翻訳内容と英語版の間で齟齬、不一致または矛盾がある場合、英語版が優先します。

AWS SDK またはコマンドラインツールSendEmailで を使用する

以下のコード例は、SendEmail の使用方法を示しています。

アクション例は、より大きなプログラムからのコードの抜粋であり、コンテキスト内で実行する必要があります。次のコード例で、このアクションのコンテキストを確認できます。

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

/// <summary> /// Send an email by using Amazon SES. /// </summary> /// <param name="toAddresses">List of recipients.</param> /// <param name="ccAddresses">List of cc recipients.</param> /// <param name="bccAddresses">List of bcc recipients.</param> /// <param name="bodyHtml">Body of the email in HTML.</param> /// <param name="bodyText">Body of the email in plain text.</param> /// <param name="subject">Subject line of the email.</param> /// <param name="senderAddress">From address.</param> /// <returns>The messageId of the email.</returns> public async Task<string> SendEmailAsync(List<string> toAddresses, List<string> ccAddresses, List<string> bccAddresses, string bodyHtml, string bodyText, string subject, string senderAddress) { var messageId = ""; try { var response = await _amazonSimpleEmailService.SendEmailAsync( new SendEmailRequest { Destination = new Destination { BccAddresses = bccAddresses, CcAddresses = ccAddresses, ToAddresses = toAddresses }, Message = new Message { Body = new Body { Html = new Content { Charset = "UTF-8", Data = bodyHtml }, Text = new Content { Charset = "UTF-8", Data = bodyText } }, Subject = new Content { Charset = "UTF-8", Data = subject } }, Source = senderAddress }); messageId = response.MessageId; } catch (Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine("SendEmailAsync failed with exception: " + ex.Message); } return messageId; }
  • API の詳細については、「 API リファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS SDK for .NET

C++
SDK for C++
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

//! Send an email to a list of recipients. /*! \param recipients; Vector of recipient email addresses. \param subject: Email subject. \param htmlBody: Email body as HTML. At least one body data is required. \param textBody: Email body as plain text. At least one body data is required. \param senderEmailAddress: Email address of sender. Ignored if empty string. \param ccAddresses: Vector of cc addresses. Ignored if empty. \param replyToAddress: Reply to email address. Ignored if empty string. \param clientConfiguration: AWS client configuration. \return bool: Function succeeded. */ bool AwsDoc::SES::sendEmail(const Aws::Vector<Aws::String> &recipients, const Aws::String &subject, const Aws::String &htmlBody, const Aws::String &textBody, const Aws::String &senderEmailAddress, const Aws::Vector<Aws::String> &ccAddresses, const Aws::String &replyToAddress, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfiguration) { Aws::SES::SESClient sesClient(clientConfiguration); Aws::SES::Model::Destination destination; if (!ccAddresses.empty()) { destination.WithCcAddresses(ccAddresses); } if (!recipients.empty()) { destination.WithToAddresses(recipients); } Aws::SES::Model::Body message_body; if (!htmlBody.empty()) { message_body.SetHtml( Aws::SES::Model::Content().WithCharset("UTF-8").WithData(htmlBody)); } if (!textBody.empty()) { message_body.SetText( Aws::SES::Model::Content().WithCharset("UTF-8").WithData(textBody)); } Aws::SES::Model::Message message; message.SetBody(message_body); message.SetSubject( Aws::SES::Model::Content().WithCharset("UTF-8").WithData(subject)); Aws::SES::Model::SendEmailRequest sendEmailRequest; sendEmailRequest.SetDestination(destination); sendEmailRequest.SetMessage(message); if (!senderEmailAddress.empty()) { sendEmailRequest.SetSource(senderEmailAddress); } if (!replyToAddress.empty()) { sendEmailRequest.AddReplyToAddresses(replyToAddress); } auto outcome = sesClient.SendEmail(sendEmailRequest); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cout << "Successfully sent message with ID " << outcome.GetResult().GetMessageId() << "." << std::endl; } else { std::cerr << "Error sending message. " << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; } return outcome.IsSuccess(); }
  • API の詳細については、「 API リファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS SDK for C++

CLI
AWS CLI

Amazon SES を使用してフォーマット済み E メールを送信するには

以下の例では、send-email コマンドを使用してフォーマットされた E メールを送信しています。

aws ses send-email --from sender@example.com --destination file://destination.json --message file://message.json

出力:

{ "MessageId": "EXAMPLEf3a5efcd1-51adec81-d2a4-4e3f-9fe2-5d85c1b23783-000000" }

送信先とメッセージは、現在のディレクトリで.json ファイルに保存される JSON データ構造です。これらのファイルは以下のとおりです。

destination.json:

{ "ToAddresses": ["recipient1@example.com", "recipient2@example.com"], "CcAddresses": ["recipient3@example.com"], "BccAddresses": [] }

message.json:

{ "Subject": { "Data": "Test email sent using the AWS CLI", "Charset": "UTF-8" }, "Body": { "Text": { "Data": "This is the message body in text format.", "Charset": "UTF-8" }, "Html": { "Data": "This message body contains HTML formatting. It can, for example, contain links like this one: <a class=\"ulink\" href=\"http://docs.aws.amazon.com/ses/latest/DeveloperGuide\" target=\"_blank\">Amazon SES Developer Guide</a>.", "Charset": "UTF-8" } } }

送信者と受信者の E メールアドレスを、使用したい E メールアドレスに置き換えます。送信者の E メールアドレスは、Amazon SES で検証される必要があることに注意してください。Amazon SES への本稼働アクセスが許可されるまでは、受信者が Amazon SES メールボックスシミュレーターでない限り、各受信者の E メールアドレスも検証する必要があります。検証の詳細については、「Amazon Simple Email Service デベロッパーガイド」の「Amazon SES での E メールアドレスとドメインの検証」を参照してください。

出力のメッセージ ID は、send-email の呼び出しが成功したことを示しています。

E メールが届かない場合は、迷惑メールフォルダを確認してください。

フォーマット済み E メールの送信の詳細については、「Amazon Simple Email Service デベロッパーガイド」の「Amazon SES API を使用してフォーマット済み E メールを送信する」を参照してください。

  • API の詳細については、「 コマンドリファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS CLI

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.SesClient; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.Content; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.Destination; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.Message; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.Body; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.SendEmailRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.SesException; import javax.mail.MessagingException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class SendMessageEmailRequest { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <sender> <recipient> <subject>\s Where: sender - An email address that represents the sender.\s recipient - An email address that represents the recipient.\s subject - The subject line.\s """; if (args.length != 3) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String sender = args[0]; String recipient = args[1]; String subject = args[2]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; SesClient client = SesClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); // The HTML body of the email. String bodyHTML = "<html>" + "<head></head>" + "<body>" + "<h1>Hello!</h1>" + "<p> See the list of customers.</p>" + "</body>" + "</html>"; try { send(client, sender, recipient, subject, bodyHTML); client.close(); System.out.println("Done"); } catch (MessagingException e) { e.getStackTrace(); } } public static void send(SesClient client, String sender, String recipient, String subject, String bodyHTML) throws MessagingException { Destination destination = Destination.builder() .toAddresses(recipient) .build(); Content content = Content.builder() .data(bodyHTML) .build(); Content sub = Content.builder() .data(subject) .build(); Body body = Body.builder() .html(content) .build(); Message msg = Message.builder() .subject(sub) .body(body) .build(); SendEmailRequest emailRequest = SendEmailRequest.builder() .destination(destination) .message(msg) .source(sender) .build(); try { System.out.println("Attempting to send an email through Amazon SES " + "using the AWS SDK for Java..."); client.sendEmail(emailRequest); } catch (SesException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } } } import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.SesClient; import javax.activation.DataHandler; import javax.activation.DataSource; import javax.mail.Message; import javax.mail.MessagingException; import javax.mail.Session; import javax.mail.internet.AddressException; import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress; import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage; import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart; import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart; import javax.mail.util.ByteArrayDataSource; import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.nio.ByteBuffer; import java.nio.file.Files; import java.util.Properties; import software.amazon.awssdk.core.SdkBytes; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.SendRawEmailRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.RawMessage; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.ses.model.SesException; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html */ public class SendMessageAttachment { public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException { final String usage = """ Usage: <sender> <recipient> <subject> <fileLocation>\s Where: sender - An email address that represents the sender.\s recipient - An email address that represents the recipient.\s subject - The subject line.\s fileLocation - The location of a Microsoft Excel file to use as an attachment (C:/AWS/customers.xls).\s """; if (args.length != 4) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String sender = args[0]; String recipient = args[1]; String subject = args[2]; String fileLocation = args[3]; // The email body for recipients with non-HTML email clients. String bodyText = "Hello,\r\n" + "Please see the attached file for a list " + "of customers to contact."; // The HTML body of the email. String bodyHTML = "<html>" + "<head></head>" + "<body>" + "<h1>Hello!</h1>" + "<p>Please see the attached file for a " + "list of customers to contact.</p>" + "</body>" + "</html>"; Region region = Region.US_WEST_2; SesClient client = SesClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); try { sendemailAttachment(client, sender, recipient, subject, bodyText, bodyHTML, fileLocation); client.close(); System.out.println("Done"); } catch (IOException | MessagingException e) { e.getStackTrace(); } } public static void sendemailAttachment(SesClient client, String sender, String recipient, String subject, String bodyText, String bodyHTML, String fileLocation) throws AddressException, MessagingException, IOException { java.io.File theFile = new java.io.File(fileLocation); byte[] fileContent = Files.readAllBytes(theFile.toPath()); Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(new Properties()); // Create a new MimeMessage object. MimeMessage message = new MimeMessage(session); // Add subject, from and to lines. message.setSubject(subject, "UTF-8"); message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(sender)); message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(recipient)); // Create a multipart/alternative child container. MimeMultipart msgBody = new MimeMultipart("alternative"); // Create a wrapper for the HTML and text parts. MimeBodyPart wrap = new MimeBodyPart(); // Define the text part. MimeBodyPart textPart = new MimeBodyPart(); textPart.setContent(bodyText, "text/plain; charset=UTF-8"); // Define the HTML part. MimeBodyPart htmlPart = new MimeBodyPart(); htmlPart.setContent(bodyHTML, "text/html; charset=UTF-8"); // Add the text and HTML parts to the child container. msgBody.addBodyPart(textPart); msgBody.addBodyPart(htmlPart); // Add the child container to the wrapper object. wrap.setContent(msgBody); // Create a multipart/mixed parent container. MimeMultipart msg = new MimeMultipart("mixed"); // Add the parent container to the message. message.setContent(msg); msg.addBodyPart(wrap); // Define the attachment. MimeBodyPart att = new MimeBodyPart(); DataSource fds = new ByteArrayDataSource(fileContent, "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet"); att.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds)); String reportName = "WorkReport.xls"; att.setFileName(reportName); // Add the attachment to the message. msg.addBodyPart(att); try { System.out.println("Attempting to send an email through Amazon SES " + "using the AWS SDK for Java..."); ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream(); message.writeTo(outputStream); ByteBuffer buf = ByteBuffer.wrap(outputStream.toByteArray()); byte[] arr = new byte[buf.remaining()]; buf.get(arr); SdkBytes data = SdkBytes.fromByteArray(arr); RawMessage rawMessage = RawMessage.builder() .data(data) .build(); SendRawEmailRequest rawEmailRequest = SendRawEmailRequest.builder() .rawMessage(rawMessage) .build(); client.sendRawEmail(rawEmailRequest); } catch (SesException e) { System.err.println(e.awsErrorDetails().errorMessage()); System.exit(1); } System.out.println("Email sent using SesClient with attachment"); } }
  • API の詳細については、「 API リファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS SDK for Java 2.x

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

import { SendEmailCommand } from "@aws-sdk/client-ses"; import { sesClient } from "./libs/sesClient.js"; const createSendEmailCommand = (toAddress, fromAddress) => { return new SendEmailCommand({ Destination: { /* required */ CcAddresses: [ /* more items */ ], ToAddresses: [ toAddress, /* more To-email addresses */ ], }, Message: { /* required */ Body: { /* required */ Html: { Charset: "UTF-8", Data: "HTML_FORMAT_BODY", }, Text: { Charset: "UTF-8", Data: "TEXT_FORMAT_BODY", }, }, Subject: { Charset: "UTF-8", Data: "EMAIL_SUBJECT", }, }, Source: fromAddress, ReplyToAddresses: [ /* more items */ ], }); }; const run = async () => { const sendEmailCommand = createSendEmailCommand( "recipient@example.com", "sender@example.com", ); try { return await sesClient.send(sendEmailCommand); } catch (caught) { if (caught instanceof Error && caught.name === "MessageRejected") { /** @type { import('@aws-sdk/client-ses').MessageRejected} */ const messageRejectedError = caught; return messageRejectedError; } throw caught; } };
  • API の詳細については、「 API リファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS SDK for JavaScript

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

class SesMailSender: """Encapsulates functions to send emails with Amazon SES.""" def __init__(self, ses_client): """ :param ses_client: A Boto3 Amazon SES client. """ self.ses_client = ses_client def send_email(self, source, destination, subject, text, html, reply_tos=None): """ Sends an email. Note: If your account is in the Amazon SES sandbox, the source and destination email accounts must both be verified. :param source: The source email account. :param destination: The destination email account. :param subject: The subject of the email. :param text: The plain text version of the body of the email. :param html: The HTML version of the body of the email. :param reply_tos: Email accounts that will receive a reply if the recipient replies to the message. :return: The ID of the message, assigned by Amazon SES. """ send_args = { "Source": source, "Destination": destination.to_service_format(), "Message": { "Subject": {"Data": subject}, "Body": {"Text": {"Data": text}, "Html": {"Data": html}}, }, } if reply_tos is not None: send_args["ReplyToAddresses"] = reply_tos try: response = self.ses_client.send_email(**send_args) message_id = response["MessageId"] logger.info( "Sent mail %s from %s to %s.", message_id, source, destination.tos ) except ClientError: logger.exception( "Couldn't send mail from %s to %s.", source, destination.tos ) raise else: return message_id
  • API の詳細については、SendEmailAWS 「 SDK for Python (Boto3) API リファレンス」の「」を参照してください。

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
注記

の詳細については、「」を参照してください GitHub。AWS コード例リポジトリ で全く同じ例を見つけて、設定と実行の方法を確認してください。

require "aws-sdk-ses" # v2: require 'aws-sdk' # Replace sender@example.com with your "From" address. # This address must be verified with Amazon SES. sender = "sender@example.com" # Replace recipient@example.com with a "To" address. If your account # is still in the sandbox, this address must be verified. recipient = "recipient@example.com" # Specify a configuration set. To use a configuration # set, uncomment the next line and line 74. # configsetname = "ConfigSet" # The subject line for the email. subject = "Amazon SES test (AWS SDK for Ruby)" # The HTML body of the email. htmlbody = "<h1>Amazon SES test (AWS SDK for Ruby)</h1>"\ '<p>This email was sent with <a href="https://aws.amazon.com/ses/">'\ 'Amazon SES</a> using the <a href="https://aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-ruby/">'\ "AWS SDK for Ruby</a>." # The email body for recipients with non-HTML email clients. textbody = "This email was sent with Amazon SES using the AWS SDK for Ruby." # Specify the text encoding scheme. encoding = "UTF-8" # Create a new SES client in the us-west-2 region. # Replace us-west-2 with the AWS Region you're using for Amazon SES. ses = Aws::SES::Client.new(region: "us-west-2") # Try to send the email. begin # Provide the contents of the email. ses.send_email( destination: { to_addresses: [ recipient ] }, message: { body: { html: { charset: encoding, data: htmlbody }, text: { charset: encoding, data: textbody } }, subject: { charset: encoding, data: subject } }, source: sender, # Uncomment the following line to use a configuration set. # configuration_set_name: configsetname, ) puts "Email sent to " + recipient # If something goes wrong, display an error message. rescue Aws::SES::Errors::ServiceError => error puts "Email not sent. Error message: #{error}" end
  • API の詳細については、「 API リファレンスSendEmail」の「」を参照してください。 AWS SDK for Ruby