Class: Aws::WAFV2::Types::RateBasedStatement

Inherits:
Struct
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
gems/aws-sdk-wafv2/lib/aws-sdk-wafv2/types.rb

Overview

Note:

When making an API call, you may pass RateBasedStatement data as a hash:

{
  limit: 1, # required
  aggregate_key_type: "IP", # required, accepts IP, FORWARDED_IP
  scope_down_statement: {
    byte_match_statement: {
      search_string: "data", # required
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
      positional_constraint: "EXACTLY", # required, accepts EXACTLY, STARTS_WITH, ENDS_WITH, CONTAINS, CONTAINS_WORD
    },
    sqli_match_statement: {
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
    },
    xss_match_statement: {
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
    },
    size_constraint_statement: {
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      comparison_operator: "EQ", # required, accepts EQ, NE, LE, LT, GE, GT
      size: 1, # required
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
    },
    geo_match_statement: {
      country_codes: ["AF"], # accepts AF, AX, AL, DZ, AS, AD, AO, AI, AQ, AG, AR, AM, AW, AU, AT, AZ, BS, BH, BD, BB, BY, BE, BZ, BJ, BM, BT, BO, BQ, BA, BW, BV, BR, IO, BN, BG, BF, BI, KH, CM, CA, CV, KY, CF, TD, CL, CN, CX, CC, CO, KM, CG, CD, CK, CR, CI, HR, CU, CW, CY, CZ, DK, DJ, DM, DO, EC, EG, SV, GQ, ER, EE, ET, FK, FO, FJ, FI, FR, GF, PF, TF, GA, GM, GE, DE, GH, GI, GR, GL, GD, GP, GU, GT, GG, GN, GW, GY, HT, HM, VA, HN, HK, HU, IS, IN, ID, IR, IQ, IE, IM, IL, IT, JM, JP, JE, JO, KZ, KE, KI, KP, KR, KW, KG, LA, LV, LB, LS, LR, LY, LI, LT, LU, MO, MK, MG, MW, MY, MV, ML, MT, MH, MQ, MR, MU, YT, MX, FM, MD, MC, MN, ME, MS, MA, MZ, MM, NA, NR, NP, NL, NC, NZ, NI, NE, NG, NU, NF, MP, NO, OM, PK, PW, PS, PA, PG, PY, PE, PH, PN, PL, PT, PR, QA, RE, RO, RU, RW, BL, SH, KN, LC, MF, PM, VC, WS, SM, ST, SA, SN, RS, SC, SL, SG, SX, SK, SI, SB, SO, ZA, GS, SS, ES, LK, SD, SR, SJ, SZ, SE, CH, SY, TW, TJ, TZ, TH, TL, TG, TK, TO, TT, TN, TR, TM, TC, TV, UG, UA, AE, GB, US, UM, UY, UZ, VU, VE, VN, VG, VI, WF, EH, YE, ZM, ZW
      forwarded_ip_config: {
        header_name: "ForwardedIPHeaderName", # required
        fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # required, accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH
      },
    },
    rule_group_reference_statement: {
      arn: "ResourceArn", # required
      excluded_rules: [
        {
          name: "EntityName", # required
        },
      ],
    },
    ip_set_reference_statement: {
      arn: "ResourceArn", # required
      ip_set_forwarded_ip_config: {
        header_name: "ForwardedIPHeaderName", # required
        fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # required, accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH
        position: "FIRST", # required, accepts FIRST, LAST, ANY
      },
    },
    regex_pattern_set_reference_statement: {
      arn: "ResourceArn", # required
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
    },
    rate_based_statement: {
      limit: 1, # required
      aggregate_key_type: "IP", # required, accepts IP, FORWARDED_IP
      scope_down_statement: {
        # recursive Statement
      },
      forwarded_ip_config: {
        header_name: "ForwardedIPHeaderName", # required
        fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # required, accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH
      },
    },
    and_statement: {
      statements: [ # required
        {
          # recursive Statement
        },
      ],
    },
    or_statement: {
      statements: [ # required
        {
          # recursive Statement
        },
      ],
    },
    not_statement: {
      statement: { # required
        # recursive Statement
      },
    },
    managed_rule_group_statement: {
      vendor_name: "VendorName", # required
      name: "EntityName", # required
      version: "VersionKeyString",
      excluded_rules: [
        {
          name: "EntityName", # required
        },
      ],
      scope_down_statement: {
        # recursive Statement
      },
    },
    label_match_statement: {
      scope: "LABEL", # required, accepts LABEL, NAMESPACE
      key: "LabelMatchKey", # required
    },
    regex_match_statement: {
      regex_string: "RegexPatternString", # required
      field_to_match: { # required
        single_header: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        single_query_argument: {
          name: "FieldToMatchData", # required
        },
        all_query_arguments: {
        },
        uri_path: {
        },
        query_string: {
        },
        body: {
        },
        method: {
        },
        json_body: {
          match_pattern: { # required
            all: {
            },
            included_paths: ["JsonPointerPath"],
          },
          match_scope: "ALL", # required, accepts ALL, KEY, VALUE
          invalid_fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH, EVALUATE_AS_STRING
        },
      },
      text_transformations: [ # required
        {
          priority: 1, # required
          type: "NONE", # required, accepts NONE, COMPRESS_WHITE_SPACE, HTML_ENTITY_DECODE, LOWERCASE, CMD_LINE, URL_DECODE, BASE64_DECODE, HEX_DECODE, MD5, REPLACE_COMMENTS, ESCAPE_SEQ_DECODE, SQL_HEX_DECODE, CSS_DECODE, JS_DECODE, NORMALIZE_PATH, NORMALIZE_PATH_WIN, REMOVE_NULLS, REPLACE_NULLS, BASE64_DECODE_EXT, URL_DECODE_UNI, UTF8_TO_UNICODE
        },
      ],
    },
  },
  forwarded_ip_config: {
    header_name: "ForwardedIPHeaderName", # required
    fallback_behavior: "MATCH", # required, accepts MATCH, NO_MATCH
  },
}

A rate-based rule tracks the rate of requests for each originating IP address, and triggers the rule action when the rate exceeds a limit that you specify on the number of requests in any 5-minute time span. You can use this to put a temporary block on requests from an IP address that is sending excessive requests.

WAF tracks and manages web requests separately for each instance of a rate-based rule that you use. For example, if you provide the same rate-based rule settings in two web ACLs, each of the two rule statements represents a separate instance of the rate-based rule and gets its own tracking and management by WAF. If you define a rate-based rule inside a rule group, and then use that rule group in multiple places, each use creates a separate instance of the rate-based rule that gets its own tracking and management by WAF.

When the rule action triggers, WAF blocks additional requests from the IP address until the request rate falls below the limit.

You can optionally nest another statement inside the rate-based statement, to narrow the scope of the rule so that it only counts requests that match the nested statement. For example, based on recent requests that you have seen from an attacker, you might create a rate-based rule with a nested AND rule statement that contains the following nested statements:

  • An IP match statement with an IP set that specified the address 192.0.2.44.

  • A string match statement that searches in the User-Agent header for the string BadBot.

In this rate-based rule, you also define a rate limit. For this example, the rate limit is 1,000. Requests that meet both of the conditions in the statements are counted. If the count exceeds 1,000 requests per five minutes, the rule action triggers. Requests that do not meet both conditions are not counted towards the rate limit and are not affected by this rule.

You cannot nest a RateBasedStatement inside another statement, for example inside a NotStatement or OrStatement. You can define a RateBasedStatement inside a web ACL and inside a rule group.

Constant Summary collapse

SENSITIVE =
[]

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Attribute Details

#aggregate_key_typeString

Setting that indicates how to aggregate the request counts. The options are the following:

  • IP - Aggregate the request counts on the IP address from the web request origin.

  • FORWARDED_IP - Aggregate the request counts on the first IP address in an HTTP header. If you use this, configure the ForwardedIPConfig, to specify the header to use.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-wafv2/lib/aws-sdk-wafv2/types.rb', line 7709

class RateBasedStatement < Struct.new(
  :limit,
  :aggregate_key_type,
  :scope_down_statement,
  :forwarded_ip_config)
  SENSITIVE = []
  include Aws::Structure
end

#forwarded_ip_configTypes::ForwardedIPConfig

The configuration for inspecting IP addresses in an HTTP header that you specify, instead of using the IP address that's reported by the web request origin. Commonly, this is the X-Forwarded-For (XFF) header, but you can specify any header name.

If the specified header isn't present in the request, WAF doesn't apply the rule to the web request at all.

This is required if AggregateKeyType is set to FORWARDED_IP.



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-wafv2/lib/aws-sdk-wafv2/types.rb', line 7709

class RateBasedStatement < Struct.new(
  :limit,
  :aggregate_key_type,
  :scope_down_statement,
  :forwarded_ip_config)
  SENSITIVE = []
  include Aws::Structure
end

#limitInteger

The limit on requests per 5-minute period for a single originating IP address. If the statement includes a ScopeDownStatement, this limit is applied only to the requests that match the statement.

Returns:

  • (Integer)


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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-wafv2/lib/aws-sdk-wafv2/types.rb', line 7709

class RateBasedStatement < Struct.new(
  :limit,
  :aggregate_key_type,
  :scope_down_statement,
  :forwarded_ip_config)
  SENSITIVE = []
  include Aws::Structure
end

#scope_down_statementTypes::Statement

An optional nested statement that narrows the scope of the web requests that are evaluated by the rate-based statement. Requests are only tracked by the rate-based statement if they match the scope-down statement. You can use any nestable Statement in the scope-down statement, and you can nest statements at any level, the same as you can for a rule statement.

Returns:



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# File 'gems/aws-sdk-wafv2/lib/aws-sdk-wafv2/types.rb', line 7709

class RateBasedStatement < Struct.new(
  :limit,
  :aggregate_key_type,
  :scope_down_statement,
  :forwarded_ip_config)
  SENSITIVE = []
  include Aws::Structure
end