ログの例 - AWS WAF、AWS Firewall Manager、および AWS Shield Advanced

ログの例

例 SQLi 検出 (終了) でトリガーされたルールのログ出力
{ "timestamp": 1576280412771, "formatVersion": 1, "webaclId": "arn:aws:wafv2:ap-southeast-2:111122223333:regional/webacl/STMTest/1EXAMPLE-2ARN-3ARN-4ARN-123456EXAMPLE", "terminatingRuleId": "STMTest_SQLi_XSS", "terminatingRuleType": "REGULAR", "action": "BLOCK", "terminatingRuleMatchDetails": [ { "conditionType": "SQL_INJECTION", "sensitivityLevel": "HIGH", "location": "HEADER", "matchedData": [ "10", "AND", "1" ] } ], "httpSourceName": "-", "httpSourceId": "-", "ruleGroupList": [], "rateBasedRuleList": [], "nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [], "httpRequest": { "clientIp": "1.1.1.1", "country": "AU", "headers": [ { "name": "Host", "value": "localhost:1989" }, { "name": "User-Agent", "value": "curl/7.61.1" }, { "name": "Accept", "value": "*/*" }, { "name": "x-stm-test", "value": "10 AND 1=1" } ], "uri": "/myUri", "args": "", "httpVersion": "HTTP/1.1", "httpMethod": "GET", "requestId": "rid" }, "labels": [ { "name": "value" } ] }
例 SQLi 検出 (非終了) でトリガーされたルールのログ出力
{ "timestamp":1592357192516 ,"formatVersion":1 ,"webaclId":"arn:aws:wafv2:us-east-1:123456789012:global/webacl/hello-world/5933d6d9-9dde-js82-v8aw-9ck28nv9" ,"terminatingRuleId":"Default_Action" ,"terminatingRuleType":"REGULAR" ,"action":"ALLOW" ,"terminatingRuleMatchDetails":[] ,"httpSourceName":"-" ,"httpSourceId":"-" ,"ruleGroupList":[] ,"rateBasedRuleList":[] ,"nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [{ "ruleId":"TestRule" ,"action":"COUNT" ,"ruleMatchDetails": [{ "conditionType":"SQL_INJECTION" ,"sensitivityLevel": "HIGH" ,"location":"HEADER" ,"matchedData":[ "10" ,"and" ,"1"] }] }] ,"httpRequest":{ "clientIp":"3.3.3.3" ,"country":"US" ,"headers":[ {"name":"Host","value":"localhost:1989"} ,{"name":"User-Agent","value":"curl/7.61.1"} ,{"name":"Accept","value":"*/*"} ,{"name":"myHeader","myValue":"10 AND 1=1"} ] ,"uri":"/myUri","args":"" ,"httpVersion":"HTTP/1.1" ,"httpMethod":"GET" ,"requestId":"rid" }, "labels": [ { "name": "value" } ] }
例 ルールグループ内でトリガーされた複数のルールのログ出力 (RuleA-XSS は終了、Rule-B は非終了)
{ "timestamp":1592361810888, "formatVersion":1, "webaclId":"arn:aws:wafv2:us-east-1:123456789012:global/webacl/hello-world/5933d6d9-9dde-js82-v8aw-9ck28nv9" ,"terminatingRuleId":"RG-Reference" ,"terminatingRuleType":"GROUP" ,"action":"BLOCK", "terminatingRuleMatchDetails": [{ "conditionType":"XSS" ,"location":"HEADER" ,"matchedData":["<","frameset"] }] ,"httpSourceName":"-" ,"httpSourceId":"-" ,"ruleGroupList": [{ "ruleGroupId":"arn:aws:wafv2:us-east-1:123456789012:global/rulegroup/hello-world/c05lb698-1f11-4m41-aef4-99a506d53f4b" ,"terminatingRule":{ "ruleId":"RuleA-XSS" ,"action":"BLOCK" ,"ruleMatchDetails":null } ,"nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [{ "ruleId":"RuleB-SQLi" ,"action":"COUNT" ,"ruleMatchDetails": [{ "conditionType":"SQL_INJECTION" ,"sensitivityLevel": "LOW" ,"location":"HEADER" ,"matchedData":[ "10" ,"and" ,"1"] }] }] ,"excludedRules":null }] ,"rateBasedRuleList":[] ,"nonTerminatingMatchingRules":[] ,"httpRequest":{ "clientIp":"3.3.3.3" ,"country":"US" ,"headers": [ {"name":"Host","value":"localhost:1989"} ,{"name":"User-Agent","value":"curl/7.61.1"} ,{"name":"Accept","value":"*/*"} ,{"name":"myHeader1","value":"<frameset onload=alert(1)>"} ,{"name":"myHeader2","value":"10 AND 1=1"} ] ,"uri":"/myUri" ,"args":"" ,"httpVersion":"HTTP/1.1" ,"httpMethod":"GET" ,"requestId":"rid" }, "labels": [ { "name": "value" } ] }
例 コンテンツタイプ JSON を使用したリクエストボディの検査のためにトリガーされたルールのログ出力

AWS WAF は現在、JSON 本文の検査の場所を UNKNOWN としてレポートします。

{ "timestamp": 1576280412771, "formatVersion": 1, "webaclId": "arn:aws:wafv2:ap-southeast-2:123456789012:regional/webacl/test/111", "terminatingRuleId": "STMTest_SQLi_XSS", "terminatingRuleType": "REGULAR", "action": "BLOCK", "terminatingRuleMatchDetails": [ { "conditionType": "SQL_INJECTION", "sensitivityLevel": "LOW", "location": "UNKNOWN", "matchedData": [ "10", "AND", "1" ] } ], "httpSourceName": "ALB", "httpSourceId": "alb", "ruleGroupList": [], "rateBasedRuleList": [], "nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [], "requestHeadersInserted":null, "responseCodeSent":null, "httpRequest": { "clientIp": "1.1.1.1", "country": "AU", "headers": [], "uri": "", "args": "", "httpVersion": "HTTP/1.1", "httpMethod": "POST", "requestId": "null" }, "labels": [ { "name": "value" } ] }
例 有効期限が切れていない有効な CAPTCHA トークンを使用したウェブリクエストに対する CAPTCHA ルールのログ出力

次のログリストは、CAPTCHA アクションを持つルールと一致したウェブリクエストについてのものです。ウェブリクエストは有効期限が切れていない有効な CAPTCHA トークンがあり、Count アクションの動作と同様に、AWS WAF によって CAPTCHA 一致としてのみ示されます。この CAPTCHA の一致については、nonTerminatingMatchingRules に記載されています。

{ "timestamp": 1632420429309, "formatVersion": 1, "webaclId": "arn:aws:wafv2:us-east-1:123456789012:regional/webacl/captcha-web-acl/585e38b5-afce-4d2a-b417-14fb08b66c67", "terminatingRuleId": "Default_Action", "terminatingRuleType": "REGULAR", "action": "ALLOW", "terminatingRuleMatchDetails": [], "httpSourceName": "APIGW", "httpSourceId": "123456789012:b34myvfw0b:pen-test", "ruleGroupList": [], "rateBasedRuleList": [], "nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [ { "ruleId": "captcha-rule", "action": "CAPTCHA", "ruleMatchDetails": [], "captchaResponse": { "responseCode": 0, "solveTimestamp": 1632420429 } } ], "requestHeadersInserted": [ { "name": "x-amzn-waf-test-header-name", "value": "test-header-value" } ], "responseCodeSent": null, "httpRequest": { "clientIp": "72.21.198.65", "country": "US", "headers": [ { "name": "X-Forwarded-For", "value": "72.21.198.65" }, { "name": "X-Forwarded-Proto", "value": "https" }, { "name": "X-Forwarded-Port", "value": "443" }, { "name": "Host", "value": "b34myvfw0b.gamma.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com" }, { "name": "X-Amzn-Trace-Id", "value": "Root=1-614cc24d-5ad89a09181910c43917a888" }, { "name": "cache-control", "value": "max-age=0" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua", "value": "\"Chromium\";v=\"94\", \"Google Chrome\";v=\"94\", \";Not A Brand\";v=\"99\"" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua-mobile", "value": "?0" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua-platform", "value": "\"Windows\"" }, { "name": "upgrade-insecure-requests", "value": "1" }, { "name": "user-agent", "value": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/94.0.4606.54 Safari/537.36" }, { "name": "accept", "value": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-site", "value": "same-origin" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-mode", "value": "navigate" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-user", "value": "?1" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-dest", "value": "document" }, { "name": "referer", "value": "https://b34myvfw0b.gamma.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/pen-test/pets" }, { "name": "accept-encoding", "value": "gzip, deflate, br" }, { "name": "accept-language", "value": "en-US,en;q=0.9" }, { "name": "cookie", "value": "aws-waf-token=51c71352-41f5-4f6d-b676-c24907bdf819:EQoAZ/J+AAQAAAAA:t9wvxbw042wva7E2Y6lgud/bS6YG0CJKVAJqaRqDZ140ythKW0Zj9wKB2O8lSkYDRqf1yONcVBFo5u0eYi0tvT4rtQCXsu+KanAardW8go4QSLw4yoED59lgV7oAhGyCalAzE7ra29j+RvvZPsQyoQuDCrtoY/TvQyMTXIXzGPDC/rKBbg==" } ], "uri": "/pen-test/pets", "args": "", "httpVersion": "HTTP/1.1", "httpMethod": "GET", "requestId": "GINMHHUgoAMFxug=" } }
例 CAPTCHA トークンがないウェブリクエストに対する CAPTCHA ルールのログ出力

次のログリストは、CAPTCHA アクションを持つルールと一致したウェブリクエストについてのものです。ウェブリクエストには CAPTCHA トークンがなく、AWS WAF によってブロックされました。

{ "timestamp": 1632420416512, "formatVersion": 1, "webaclId": "arn:aws:wafv2:us-east-1:123456789012:regional/webacl/captcha-web-acl/585e38b5-afce-4d2a-b417-14fb08b66c67", "terminatingRuleId": "captcha-rule", "terminatingRuleType": "REGULAR", "action": "CAPTCHA", "terminatingRuleMatchDetails": [], "httpSourceName": "APIGW", "httpSourceId": "123456789012:b34myvfw0b:pen-test", "ruleGroupList": [], "rateBasedRuleList": [], "nonTerminatingMatchingRules": [], "requestHeadersInserted": null, "responseCodeSent": 405, "httpRequest": { "clientIp": "72.21.198.65", "country": "US", "headers": [ { "name": "X-Forwarded-For", "value": "72.21.198.65" }, { "name": "X-Forwarded-Proto", "value": "https" }, { "name": "X-Forwarded-Port", "value": "443" }, { "name": "Host", "value": "b34myvfw0b.gamma.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com" }, { "name": "X-Amzn-Trace-Id", "value": "Root=1-614cc240-18b57ff33c10e5c016b508c5" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua", "value": "\"Chromium\";v=\"94\", \"Google Chrome\";v=\"94\", \";Not A Brand\";v=\"99\"" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua-mobile", "value": "?0" }, { "name": "sec-ch-ua-platform", "value": "\"Windows\"" }, { "name": "upgrade-insecure-requests", "value": "1" }, { "name": "user-agent", "value": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/94.0.4606.54 Safari/537.36" }, { "name": "accept", "value": "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-site", "value": "cross-site" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-mode", "value": "navigate" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-user", "value": "?1" }, { "name": "sec-fetch-dest", "value": "document" }, { "name": "accept-encoding", "value": "gzip, deflate, br" }, { "name": "accept-language", "value": "en-US,en;q=0.9" } ], "uri": "/pen-test/pets", "args": "", "httpVersion": "HTTP/1.1", "httpMethod": "GET", "requestId": "GINKHEssoAMFsrg=" }, "captchaResponse": { "responseCode": 405, "solveTimestamp": 0, "failureReason": "TOKEN_MISSING" } }