CreateIndex - Amazon Kendra


Creates an Amazon Kendra index. Index creation is an asynchronous API. To determine if index creation has completed, check the Status field returned from a call to DescribeIndex. The Status field is set to ACTIVE when the index is ready to use.

Once the index is active you can index your documents using the BatchPutDocument API or using one of the supported data sources.

For an example of creating an index and data source using the Python SDK, see Getting started with Python SDK. For an example of creating an index and data source using the Java SDK, see Getting started with Java SDK.

Request Syntax

{ "ClientToken": "string", "Description": "string", "Edition": "string", "Name": "string", "RoleArn": "string", "ServerSideEncryptionConfiguration": { "KmsKeyId": "string" }, "Tags": [ { "Key": "string", "Value": "string" } ], "UserContextPolicy": "string", "UserGroupResolutionConfiguration": { "UserGroupResolutionMode": "string" }, "UserTokenConfigurations": [ { "JsonTokenTypeConfiguration": { "GroupAttributeField": "string", "UserNameAttributeField": "string" }, "JwtTokenTypeConfiguration": { "ClaimRegex": "string", "GroupAttributeField": "string", "Issuer": "string", "KeyLocation": "string", "SecretManagerArn": "string", "URL": "string", "UserNameAttributeField": "string" } } ] }

Request Parameters

For information about the parameters that are common to all actions, see Common Parameters.

The request accepts the following data in JSON format.


A token that you provide to identify the request to create an index. Multiple calls to the CreateIndex API with the same client token will create only one index.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 100.

Required: No


A description for the index.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 1000.

Pattern: ^\P{C}*$

Required: No


The Amazon Kendra edition to use for the index. Choose DEVELOPER_EDITION for indexes intended for development, testing, or proof of concept. Use ENTERPRISE_EDITION for your production databases. Once you set the edition for an index, it can't be changed.

The Edition parameter is optional. If you don't supply a value, the default is ENTERPRISE_EDITION.

For more information on quota limits for enterprise and developer editions, see Quotas.

Type: String


Required: No


A name for the index.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 1. Maximum length of 1000.

Pattern: [a-zA-Z0-9][a-zA-Z0-9_-]*

Required: Yes


An AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role that gives Amazon Kendra permissions to access your Amazon CloudWatch logs and metrics. This is also the role you use when you call the BatchPutDocument API to index documents from an Amazon S3 bucket.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Minimum length of 0. Maximum length of 1284.

Pattern: arn:[a-z0-9-\.]{1,63}:[a-z0-9-\.]{0,63}:[a-z0-9-\.]{0,63}:[a-z0-9-\.]{0,63}:[^/].{0,1023}

Required: Yes


The identifier of the AWS KMS customer managed key (CMK) that's used to encrypt data indexed by Amazon Kendra. Amazon Kendra doesn't support asymmetric CMKs.

Type: ServerSideEncryptionConfiguration object

Required: No


A list of key-value pairs that identify the index. You can use the tags to identify and organize your resources and to control access to resources.

Type: Array of Tag objects

Array Members: Minimum number of 0 items. Maximum number of 200 items.

Required: No


The user context policy.


All indexed content is searchable and displayable for all users. If you want to filter search results on user context, you can use the attribute filters of _user_id and _group_ids or you can provide user and group information in UserContext.


Enables token-based user access control to filter search results on user context. All documents with no access control and all documents accessible to the user will be searchable and displayable.

Type: String


Required: No


Enables fetching access levels of groups and users from an AWS IAM Identity Center (successor to AWS Single Sign-On) identity source. To configure this, see UserGroupResolutionConfiguration.

Type: UserGroupResolutionConfiguration object

Required: No


The user token configuration.

Type: Array of UserTokenConfiguration objects

Array Members: Maximum number of 1 item.

Required: No

Response Syntax

{ "Id": "string" }

Response Elements

If the action is successful, the service sends back an HTTP 200 response.

The following data is returned in JSON format by the service.


The unique identifier of the index. Use this identifier when you query an index, set up a data source, or index a document.

Type: String

Length Constraints: Fixed length of 36.

Pattern: [a-zA-Z0-9][a-zA-Z0-9-]*


For information about the errors that are common to all actions, see Common Errors.


HTTP Status Code: 400


HTTP Status Code: 400


HTTP Status Code: 500


HTTP Status Code: 400


HTTP Status Code: 400


HTTP Status Code: 400


HTTP Status Code: 400

See Also

For more information about using this API in one of the language-specific AWS SDKs, see the following: