Working with key policies - AWS Key Management Service

Working with key policies

The examples in this topic use the AWS KMS API to view and change the key policies of AWS KMS customer master keys (CMKs).

For details about how to use key policies, IAM policies, and grants to manage access to your CMKs, see Authentication and access control for AWS KMS. For help writing and formatting a JSON policy document, see the IAM JSON Policy Reference in the IAM User Guide.

Listing key policy names

To get the names of key policies for a customer master key, use the ListKeyPolicies operation. The only key policy name it returns is default.

In languages that require a client object, these examples use the AWS KMS client object that you created in Creating a client.

Java

For details about the Java implementation, see the listKeyPolicies method in the AWS SDK for Java API Reference.

// List key policies // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; ListKeyPoliciesRequest req = new ListKeyPoliciesRequest().withKeyId(keyId); ListKeyPoliciesResult result = kmsClient.listKeyPolicies(req);
C#

For details, see the ListKeyPolicies method in the AWS SDK for .NET.

// List key policies // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; ListKeyPoliciesRequest listKeyPoliciesRequest = new ListKeyPoliciesRequest() { KeyId = keyId }; ListKeyPoliciesResponse listKeyPoliciesResponse = kmsClient.ListKeyPolicies(listKeyPoliciesRequest);
Python

For details, see the list_key_policies method in the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3).

# List key policies # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' response = kms_client.list_key_policies( KeyId=key_id )
Ruby

For details, see the list_key_policies instance method in the AWS SDK for Ruby.

# List key policies # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' response = kmsClient.list_key_policies({ key_id: key_id })
PHP

For details, see the ListKeyPolicies method in the AWS SDK for PHP.

// List key policies // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; $result = $KmsClient->listKeyPolicies([ 'KeyId' => $keyId ]);
Node.js

For details, see the listKeyPolicies property in the AWS SDK for JavaScript in Node.js.

// List key policies // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN const KeyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; kmsClient.listKeyPolicies({ KeyId }, (err, data) => { ... });
PowerShell

To list the name of the default key policy, use the Get-KMSKeyPolicyList cmdlet.

# List key policies # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' $response = Get-KMSKeyPolicyList -KeyId $keyId

To use the AWS KMS PowerShell cmdlets, install the AWS.Tools.KeyManagementService module. For more information, see the AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell User Guide.

Getting a key policy

To get the key policy for a customer master key, use the GetKeyPolicy operation.

GetKeyPolicy requires a policy name. The only valid policy name is default.

In languages that require a client object, these examples use the AWS KMS client object that you created in Creating a client.

Java

For details, see the getKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for Java API Reference.

// Get the policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; String policyName = "default"; GetKeyPolicyRequest req = new GetKeyPolicyRequest().withKeyId(keyId).withPolicyName(policyName); GetKeyPolicyResult result = kmsClient.getKeyPolicy(req);
C#

For details, see the GetKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for .NET.

// Get the policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; String policyName = "default"; GetKeyPolicyRequest getKeyPolicyRequest = new GetKeyPolicyRequest() { KeyId = keyId, PolicyName = policyName }; GetKeyPolicyResponse getKeyPolicyResponse = kmsClient.GetKeyPolicy(getKeyPolicyRequest);
Python

For details, see the get_key_policy method in the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3).

# Get the policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' policy_name = 'default' response = kms_client.get_key_policy( KeyId=key_id, PolicyName=policy_name )
Ruby

For details, see the get_key_policy instance method in the AWS SDK for Ruby.

# Get the policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' policy_name = 'default' response = kmsClient.get_key_policy({ key_id: key_id, policy_name: policy_name })
PHP

For details, see the GetKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for PHP.

// Get the policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; $policyName = "default"; $result = $KmsClient->getKeyPolicy([ 'KeyId' => $keyId, 'PolicyName' => $policyName ]);
Node.js

For details, see the getKeyPolicy property in the AWS SDK for JavaScript in Node.js.

// Get the policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN const KeyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; const PolicyName = 'default'; kmsClient.getKeyPolicy({ KeyId, PolicyName }, (err, data) => { ... });
PowerShell

To get the key policy for a CMK, use the Get-KMSKeyPolicy cmdlet. This cmdlet returns the key policy as a string (System.String) that you can use in a Write-KMSKeyPolicy (PutKeyPolicy) command. To convert the policies in the JSON string to PSCustomObject objects, use the ConvertFrom-JSON cmdlet.

# Get the policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' $policyName = 'default' $response = Get-KMSKeyPolicy -KeyId $keyId -PolicyName $policyName

To use the AWS KMS PowerShell cmdlets, install the AWS.Tools.KeyManagementService module. For more information, see the AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell User Guide.

Setting a key policy

To create or replace the key policy for a CMK, use the PutKeyPolicy operation.

PutKeyPolicy requires a policy name. The only valid policy name is default.

In languages that require a client object, these examples use the AWS KMS client object that you created in Creating a client.

Java

For details, see the putKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for Java API Reference.

// Set a key policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; String policyName = "default"; String policy = "{" + " \"Version\": \"2012-10-17\"," + " \"Statement\": [{" + " \"Sid\": \"Allow access for ExampleUser\"," + " \"Effect\": \"Allow\"," + // Replace the following example user ARN with a valid one " \"Principal\": {\"AWS\": \"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser\"}," + " \"Action\": [" + " \"kms:Encrypt\"," + " \"kms:GenerateDataKey*\"," + " \"kms:Decrypt\"," + " \"kms:DescribeKey\"," + " \"kms:ReEncrypt*\"" + " ]," + " \"Resource\": \"*\"" + " }]" + "}"; PutKeyPolicyRequest req = new PutKeyPolicyRequest().withKeyId(keyId).withPolicy(policy).withPolicyName(policyName); kmsClient.putKeyPolicy(req);
C#

For details, see the PutKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for .NET.

// Set a key policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN String keyId = "arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab"; String policyName = "default"; String policy = "{" + " \"Version\": \"2012-10-17\"," + " \"Statement\": [{" + " \"Sid\": \"Allow access for ExampleUser\"," + " \"Effect\": \"Allow\"," + // Replace the following example user ARN with a valid one " \"Principal\": {\"AWS\": \"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser\"}," + " \"Action\": [" + " \"kms:Encrypt\"," + " \"kms:GenerateDataKey*\"," + " \"kms:Decrypt\"," + " \"kms:DescribeKey\"," + " \"kms:ReEncrypt*\"" + " ]," + " \"Resource\": \"*\"" + " }]" + "}"; PutKeyPolicyRequest putKeyPolicyRequest = new PutKeyPolicyRequest() { KeyId = keyId, Policy = policy, PolicyName = policyName }; kmsClient.PutKeyPolicy(putKeyPolicyRequest);
Python

For details, see the put_key_policy method in the AWS SDK for Python (Boto3).

# Set a key policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' policy_name = 'default' policy = """ { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Sid": "Allow access for ExampleUser", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": {"AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser"}, "Action": [ "kms:Encrypt", "kms:GenerateDataKey*", "kms:Decrypt", "kms:DescribeKey", "kms:ReEncrypt*" ], "Resource": "*" }] }""" response = kms_client.put_key_policy( KeyId=key_id, Policy=policy, PolicyName=policy_name )
Ruby

For details, see the put_key_policy instance method in the AWS SDK for Ruby.

# Set a key policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN key_id = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' policy_name = 'default' policy = "{" + " \"Version\": \"2012-10-17\"," + " \"Statement\": [{" + " \"Sid\": \"Allow access for ExampleUser\"," + " \"Effect\": \"Allow\"," + # Replace the following example user ARN with a valid one " \"Principal\": {\"AWS\": \"arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser\"}," + " \"Action\": [" + " \"kms:Encrypt\"," + " \"kms:GenerateDataKey*\"," + " \"kms:Decrypt\"," + " \"kms:DescribeKey\"," + " \"kms:ReEncrypt*\"" + " ]," + " \"Resource\": \"*\"" + " }]" + "}" response = kmsClient.put_key_policy({ key_id: key_id, policy: policy, policy_name: policy_name })
PHP

For details, see the PutKeyPolicy method in the AWS SDK for PHP.

// Set a key policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; $policyName = "default"; $result = $KmsClient->putKeyPolicy([ 'KeyId' => $keyId, 'PolicyName' => $policyName, 'Policy' => '{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "custom-policy-2016-12-07", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/root" }, "Action": [ "kms:*" ], "Resource": "*" }, { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser" }, "Action": [ "kms:Encrypt*", "kms:GenerateDataKey*", "kms:Decrypt*", "kms:DescribeKey*", "kms:ReEncrypt*" ], "Resource": "*" } ] } ' ]);
Node.js

For details, see the putKeyPolicy property in the AWS SDK for Node.js.

// Set a key policy for a CMK // // Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN const KeyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab'; const PolicyName = 'default'; const Policy = `{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Id": "custom-policy-2016-12-07", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root" }, "Action": "kms:*", "Resource": "*" }, { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser" }, "Action": [ "kms:Encrypt*", "kms:GenerateDataKey*", "kms:Decrypt*", "kms:DescribeKey*", "kms:ReEncrypt*" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }`; // The key policy document kmsClient.putKeyPolicy({ KeyId, Policy, PolicyName }, (err, data) => { ... });
PowerShell

To set a key policy for a CMK, use the Write-KMSKeyPolicy cmdlet. This cmdlet doesn't return any output. To verify that the command was effective, use the Get-KMSKeyPolicy cmdlet.

The Policy parameter takes a string. Enclose the string in single quotes to make it a literal string. You don't have to use continuation characters or escape characters in the literal string.

# Set a key policy for a CMK # Replace the following example key ARN with a valid key ID or key ARN $keyId = 'arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab' $policyName = 'default' $policy = '{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:root" }, "Action": "kms:*", "Resource": "*" }, { "Sid": "Enable IAM User Permissions", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::111122223333:user/ExampleUser" }, "Action": [ "kms:Encrypt*", "kms:GenerateDataKey*", "kms:Decrypt*", "kms:DescribeKey*", "kms:ReEncrypt*" ], "Resource": "*" }] }' Write-KMSKeyPolicy -KeyId $keyId -PolicyName $policyName -Policy $policy

To use the AWS KMS PowerShell cmdlets, install the AWS.Tools.KeyManagementService module. For more information, see the AWS Tools for Windows PowerShell User Guide.