DynamoDB 테이블에서 항목 업데이트 - Amazon DynamoDB

DynamoDB 테이블에서 항목 업데이트

AWS Management Console, AWS CLI 또는 AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블의 항목을 업데이트할 수 있습니다. 항목에 대한 자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB의 핵심 구성 요소 섹션을 참조하세요.

AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블의 항목 업데이트

다음 코드 예제에서는 AWS SDK를 사용하여 DynamoDB 테이블의 항목을 업데이트하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

.NET
AWS SDK for .NET
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

/// <summary> /// Updates an existing item in the movies table. /// </summary> /// <param name="client">An initialized Amazon DynamoDB client object.</param> /// <param name="newMovie">A Movie object containing information for /// the movie to update.</param> /// <param name="newInfo">A MovieInfo object that contains the /// information that will be changed.</param> /// <param name="tableName">The name of the table that contains the movie.</param> /// <returns>A Boolean value that indicates the success of the operation.</returns> public static async Task<bool> UpdateItemAsync( AmazonDynamoDBClient client, Movie newMovie, MovieInfo newInfo, string tableName) { var key = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValue> { ["title"] = new AttributeValue { S = newMovie.Title }, ["year"] = new AttributeValue { N = newMovie.Year.ToString() }, }; var updates = new Dictionary<string, AttributeValueUpdate> { ["info.plot"] = new AttributeValueUpdate { Action = AttributeAction.PUT, Value = new AttributeValue { S = newInfo.Plot }, }, ["info.rating"] = new AttributeValueUpdate { Action = AttributeAction.PUT, Value = new AttributeValue { N = newInfo.Rank.ToString() }, }, }; var request = new UpdateItemRequest { AttributeUpdates = updates, Key = key, TableName = tableName, }; var response = await client.UpdateItemAsync(request); return response.HttpStatusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK; }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for .NET API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

Bash
Bash 스크립트와 함께 AWS CLI사용
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

############################################################################## # function dynamodb_update_item # # This function updates an item in a DynamoDB table. # # # Parameters: # -n table_name -- The name of the table. # -k keys -- Path to json file containing the keys that identify the item to update. # -e update expression -- An expression that defines one or more attributes to be updated. # -v values -- Path to json file containing the update values. # # Returns: # 0 - If successful. # 1 - If it fails. ############################################################################# function dynamodb_update_item() { local table_name keys update_expression values response local option OPTARG # Required to use getopts command in a function. ####################################### # Function usage explanation ####################################### function usage() { echo "function dynamodb_update_item" echo "Update an item in a DynamoDB table." echo " -n table_name -- The name of the table." echo " -k keys -- Path to json file containing the keys that identify the item to update." echo " -e update expression -- An expression that defines one or more attributes to be updated." echo " -v values -- Path to json file containing the update values." echo "" } while getopts "n:k:e:v:h" option; do case "${option}" in n) table_name="${OPTARG}" ;; k) keys="${OPTARG}" ;; e) update_expression="${OPTARG}" ;; v) values="${OPTARG}" ;; h) usage return 0 ;; \?) echo "Invalid parameter" usage return 1 ;; esac done export OPTIND=1 if [[ -z "$table_name" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a table name with the -n parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$keys" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a keys json file path the -k parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$update_expression" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide an update expression with the -e parameter." usage return 1 fi if [[ -z "$values" ]]; then errecho "ERROR: You must provide a values json file path the -v parameter." usage return 1 fi iecho "Parameters:\n" iecho " table_name: $table_name" iecho " keys: $keys" iecho " update_expression: $update_expression" iecho " values: $values" response=$(aws dynamodb update-item \ --table-name "$table_name" \ --key file://"$keys" \ --update-expression "$update_expression" \ --expression-attribute-values file://"$values") local error_code=${?} if [[ $error_code -ne 0 ]]; then aws_cli_error_log $error_code errecho "ERROR: AWS reports update-item operation failed.$response" return 1 fi return 0 }

이 예제에 사용된 유틸리티 함수

############################################################################### # function iecho # # This function enables the script to display the specified text only if # the global variable $VERBOSE is set to true. ############################################################################### function iecho() { if [[ $VERBOSE == true ]]; then echo "$@" fi } ############################################################################### # function errecho # # This function outputs everything sent to it to STDERR (standard error output). ############################################################################### function errecho() { printf "%s\n" "$*" 1>&2 } ############################################################################## # function aws_cli_error_log() # # This function is used to log the error messages from the AWS CLI. # # See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/topic/return-codes.html#cli-aws-help-return-codes. # # The function expects the following argument: # $1 - The error code returned by the AWS CLI. # # Returns: # 0: - Success. # ############################################################################## function aws_cli_error_log() { local err_code=$1 errecho "Error code : $err_code" if [ "$err_code" == 1 ]; then errecho " One or more S3 transfers failed." elif [ "$err_code" == 2 ]; then errecho " Command line failed to parse." elif [ "$err_code" == 130 ]; then errecho " Process received SIGINT." elif [ "$err_code" == 252 ]; then errecho " Command syntax invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 253 ]; then errecho " The system environment or configuration was invalid." elif [ "$err_code" == 254 ]; then errecho " The service returned an error." elif [ "$err_code" == 255 ]; then errecho " 255 is a catch-all error." fi return 0 }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

C++
SDK for C++
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

//! Update an Amazon DynamoDB table item. /*! \sa updateItem() \param tableName: The table name. \param partitionKey: The partition key. \param partitionValue: The value for the partition key. \param attributeKey: The key for the attribute to be updated. \param attributeValue: The value for the attribute to be updated. \param clientConfiguration: AWS client configuration. \return bool: Function succeeded. */ /* * The example code only sets/updates an attribute value. It processes * the attribute value as a string, even if the value could be interpreted * as a number. Also, the example code does not remove an existing attribute * from the key value. */ bool AwsDoc::DynamoDB::updateItem(const Aws::String &tableName, const Aws::String &partitionKey, const Aws::String &partitionValue, const Aws::String &attributeKey, const Aws::String &attributeValue, const Aws::Client::ClientConfiguration &clientConfiguration) { Aws::DynamoDB::DynamoDBClient dynamoClient(clientConfiguration); // *** Define UpdateItem request arguments. // Define TableName argument. Aws::DynamoDB::Model::UpdateItemRequest request; request.SetTableName(tableName); // Define KeyName argument. Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue attribValue; attribValue.SetS(partitionValue); request.AddKey(partitionKey, attribValue); // Construct the SET update expression argument. Aws::String update_expression("SET #a = :valueA"); request.SetUpdateExpression(update_expression); // Construct attribute name argument. Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::String> expressionAttributeNames; expressionAttributeNames["#a"] = attributeKey; request.SetExpressionAttributeNames(expressionAttributeNames); // Construct attribute value argument. Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue attributeUpdatedValue; attributeUpdatedValue.SetS(attributeValue); Aws::Map<Aws::String, Aws::DynamoDB::Model::AttributeValue> expressionAttributeValues; expressionAttributeValues[":valueA"] = attributeUpdatedValue; request.SetExpressionAttributeValues(expressionAttributeValues); // Update the item. const Aws::DynamoDB::Model::UpdateItemOutcome &outcome = dynamoClient.UpdateItem( request); if (outcome.IsSuccess()) { std::cout << "Item was updated" << std::endl; } else { std::cerr << outcome.GetError().GetMessage() << std::endl; } return outcome.IsSuccess(); }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for C++ API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

CLI
AWS CLI

예 1: 테이블의 항목을 업데이트하는 방법

다음 update-item 예제에서는 MusicCollection 테이블의 항목을 업데이트합니다. 새 속성(Year)을 추가하고 AlbumTitle 속성을 수정합니다. 업데이트 후에 표시되는 항목 속성이 모두 응답에 반환됩니다.

aws dynamodb update-item \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --key file://key.json \ --update-expression "SET #Y = :y, #AT = :t" \ --expression-attribute-names file://expression-attribute-names.json \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attribute-values.json \ --return-values ALL_NEW \ --return-consumed-capacity TOTAL \ --return-item-collection-metrics SIZE

key.json의 콘텐츠:

{ "Artist": {"S": "Acme Band"}, "SongTitle": {"S": "Happy Day"} }

expression-attribute-names.json의 콘텐츠:

{ "#Y":"Year", "#AT":"AlbumTitle" }

expression-attribute-values.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":y":{"N": "2015"}, ":t":{"S": "Louder Than Ever"} }

출력:

{ "Attributes": { "AlbumTitle": { "S": "Louder Than Ever" }, "Awards": { "N": "10" }, "Artist": { "S": "Acme Band" }, "Year": { "N": "2015" }, "SongTitle": { "S": "Happy Day" } }, "ConsumedCapacity": { "TableName": "MusicCollection", "CapacityUnits": 3.0 }, "ItemCollectionMetrics": { "ItemCollectionKey": { "Artist": { "S": "Acme Band" } }, "SizeEstimateRangeGB": [ 0.0, 1.0 ] } }

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 항목 쓰기를 참조하세요.

예 2: 항목을 조건부로 업데이트하는 방법

다음 예시에서는 기존 항목에 Year 속성이 없는 경우에만 MusicCollection 테이블의 항목을 업데이트합니다.

aws dynamodb update-item \ --table-name MusicCollection \ --key file://key.json \ --update-expression "SET #Y = :y, #AT = :t" \ --expression-attribute-names file://expression-attribute-names.json \ --expression-attribute-values file://expression-attribute-values.json \ --condition-expression "attribute_not_exists(#Y)"

key.json의 콘텐츠:

{ "Artist": {"S": "Acme Band"}, "SongTitle": {"S": "Happy Day"} }

expression-attribute-names.json의 콘텐츠:

{ "#Y":"Year", "#AT":"AlbumTitle" }

expression-attribute-values.json의 콘텐츠:

{ ":y":{"N": "2015"}, ":t":{"S": "Louder Than Ever"} }

항목에 이미 Year 속성이 있는 경우 DynamoDB는 다음 출력을 반환합니다.

An error occurred (ConditionalCheckFailedException) when calling the UpdateItem operation: The conditional request failed

자세한 내용은 Amazon DynamoDB 개발자 안내서의 항목 쓰기를 참조하세요.

  • API 세부 정보는 AWS CLI 명령 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

Go
SDK for Go V2
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

// TableBasics encapsulates the Amazon DynamoDB service actions used in the examples. // It contains a DynamoDB service client that is used to act on the specified table. type TableBasics struct { DynamoDbClient *dynamodb.Client TableName string } // UpdateMovie updates the rating and plot of a movie that already exists in the // DynamoDB table. This function uses the `expression` package to build the update // expression. func (basics TableBasics) UpdateMovie(movie Movie) (map[string]map[string]interface{}, error) { var err error var response *dynamodb.UpdateItemOutput var attributeMap map[string]map[string]interface{} update := expression.Set(expression.Name("info.rating"), expression.Value(movie.Info["rating"])) update.Set(expression.Name("info.plot"), expression.Value(movie.Info["plot"])) expr, err := expression.NewBuilder().WithUpdate(update).Build() if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't build expression for update. Here's why: %v\n", err) } else { response, err = basics.DynamoDbClient.UpdateItem(context.TODO(), &dynamodb.UpdateItemInput{ TableName: aws.String(basics.TableName), Key: movie.GetKey(), ExpressionAttributeNames: expr.Names(), ExpressionAttributeValues: expr.Values(), UpdateExpression: expr.Update(), ReturnValues: types.ReturnValueUpdatedNew, }) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't update movie %v. Here's why: %v\n", movie.Title, err) } else { err = attributevalue.UnmarshalMap(response.Attributes, &attributeMap) if err != nil { log.Printf("Couldn't unmarshall update response. Here's why: %v\n", err) } } } return attributeMap, err } // Movie encapsulates data about a movie. Title and Year are the composite primary key // of the movie in Amazon DynamoDB. Title is the sort key, Year is the partition key, // and Info is additional data. type Movie struct { Title string `dynamodbav:"title"` Year int `dynamodbav:"year"` Info map[string]interface{} `dynamodbav:"info"` } // GetKey returns the composite primary key of the movie in a format that can be // sent to DynamoDB. func (movie Movie) GetKey() map[string]types.AttributeValue { title, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Title) if err != nil { panic(err) } year, err := attributevalue.Marshal(movie.Year) if err != nil { panic(err) } return map[string]types.AttributeValue{"title": title, "year": year} } // String returns the title, year, rating, and plot of a movie, formatted for the example. func (movie Movie) String() string { return fmt.Sprintf("%v\n\tReleased: %v\n\tRating: %v\n\tPlot: %v\n", movie.Title, movie.Year, movie.Info["rating"], movie.Info["plot"]) }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Go API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

Java
SDK for Java 2.x
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

DynamoDbClient를 사용하여 테이블의 항목 업데이트

import software.amazon.awssdk.regions.Region; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.DynamoDbException; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeAction; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValue; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.AttributeValueUpdate; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.model.UpdateItemRequest; import software.amazon.awssdk.services.dynamodb.DynamoDbClient; import java.util.HashMap; /** * Before running this Java V2 code example, set up your development * environment, including your credentials. * * For more information, see the following documentation topic: * * https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sdk-for-java/latest/developer-guide/get-started.html * * To update an Amazon DynamoDB table using the AWS SDK for Java V2, its better * practice to use the * Enhanced Client, See the EnhancedModifyItem example. */ public class UpdateItem { public static void main(String[] args) { final String usage = """ Usage: <tableName> <key> <keyVal> <name> <updateVal> Where: tableName - The Amazon DynamoDB table (for example, Music3). key - The name of the key in the table (for example, Artist). keyVal - The value of the key (for example, Famous Band). name - The name of the column where the value is updated (for example, Awards). updateVal - The value used to update an item (for example, 14). Example: UpdateItem Music3 Artist Famous Band Awards 14 """; if (args.length != 5) { System.out.println(usage); System.exit(1); } String tableName = args[0]; String key = args[1]; String keyVal = args[2]; String name = args[3]; String updateVal = args[4]; Region region = Region.US_EAST_1; DynamoDbClient ddb = DynamoDbClient.builder() .region(region) .build(); updateTableItem(ddb, tableName, key, keyVal, name, updateVal); ddb.close(); } public static void updateTableItem(DynamoDbClient ddb, String tableName, String key, String keyVal, String name, String updateVal) { HashMap<String, AttributeValue> itemKey = new HashMap<>(); itemKey.put(key, AttributeValue.builder() .s(keyVal) .build()); HashMap<String, AttributeValueUpdate> updatedValues = new HashMap<>(); updatedValues.put(name, AttributeValueUpdate.builder() .value(AttributeValue.builder().s(updateVal).build()) .action(AttributeAction.PUT) .build()); UpdateItemRequest request = UpdateItemRequest.builder() .tableName(tableName) .key(itemKey) .attributeUpdates(updatedValues) .build(); try { ddb.updateItem(request); } catch (DynamoDbException e) { System.err.println(e.getMessage()); System.exit(1); } System.out.println("The Amazon DynamoDB table was updated!"); } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Java 2.x API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

JavaScript
SDK for JavaScript (v3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

이 예제에서는 문서 클라이언트를 사용하여 DynamoDB의 항목 작업을 단순화합니다. API에 대한 세부 정보는 UpdateCommand를 참조하십시오.

import { DynamoDBClient } from "@aws-sdk/client-dynamodb"; import { DynamoDBDocumentClient, UpdateCommand } from "@aws-sdk/lib-dynamodb"; const client = new DynamoDBClient({}); const docClient = DynamoDBDocumentClient.from(client); export const main = async () => { const command = new UpdateCommand({ TableName: "Dogs", Key: { Breed: "Labrador", }, UpdateExpression: "set Color = :color", ExpressionAttributeValues: { ":color": "black", }, ReturnValues: "ALL_NEW", }); const response = await docClient.send(command); console.log(response); return response; };
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for JavaScript API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

Kotlin
SDK for Kotlin
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

suspend fun updateTableItem( tableNameVal: String, keyName: String, keyVal: String, name: String, updateVal: String ) { val itemKey = mutableMapOf<String, AttributeValue>() itemKey[keyName] = AttributeValue.S(keyVal) val updatedValues = mutableMapOf<String, AttributeValueUpdate>() updatedValues[name] = AttributeValueUpdate { value = AttributeValue.S(updateVal) action = AttributeAction.Put } val request = UpdateItemRequest { tableName = tableNameVal key = itemKey attributeUpdates = updatedValues } DynamoDbClient { region = "us-east-1" }.use { ddb -> ddb.updateItem(request) println("Item in $tableNameVal was updated") } }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Kotlin API 참조UpdateItem를 참조하십시오.

PHP
SDK for PHP
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

echo "What rating would you like to give {$movie['Item']['title']['S']}?\n"; $rating = 0; while (!is_numeric($rating) || intval($rating) != $rating || $rating < 1 || $rating > 10) { $rating = testable_readline("Rating (1-10): "); } $service->updateItemAttributeByKey($tableName, $key, 'rating', 'N', $rating); public function updateItemAttributeByKey( string $tableName, array $key, string $attributeName, string $attributeType, string $newValue ) { $this->dynamoDbClient->updateItem([ 'Key' => $key['Item'], 'TableName' => $tableName, 'UpdateExpression' => "set #NV=:NV", 'ExpressionAttributeNames' => [ '#NV' => $attributeName, ], 'ExpressionAttributeValues' => [ ':NV' => [ $attributeType => $newValue ] ], ]); }
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for PHP API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

PowerShell
PowerShell용 도구

예 1: 파티션 키 SongTitle과 정렬 키 Artist가 있는 DynamoDB 항목에서 장르 속성을 'Rap'으로 설정합니다.

$key = @{ SongTitle = 'Somewhere Down The Road' Artist = 'No One You Know' } | ConvertTo-DDBItem $updateDdbItem = @{ TableName = 'Music' Key = $key UpdateExpression = 'set Genre = :val1' ExpressionAttributeValue = (@{ ':val1' = ([Amazon.DynamoDBv2.Model.AttributeValue]'Rap') }) } Update-DDBItem @updateDdbItem

출력:

Name Value ---- ----- Genre Rap
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS Tools for PowerShell Cmdlet 참조의 UpdateItem을 참조하세요.

Python
SDK for Python (Boto3)
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

업데이트 표현식을 사용하여 항목을 업데이트합니다.

class Movies: """Encapsulates an Amazon DynamoDB table of movie data.""" def __init__(self, dyn_resource): """ :param dyn_resource: A Boto3 DynamoDB resource. """ self.dyn_resource = dyn_resource # The table variable is set during the scenario in the call to # 'exists' if the table exists. Otherwise, it is set by 'create_table'. self.table = None def update_movie(self, title, year, rating, plot): """ Updates rating and plot data for a movie in the table. :param title: The title of the movie to update. :param year: The release year of the movie to update. :param rating: The updated rating to the give the movie. :param plot: The updated plot summary to give the movie. :return: The fields that were updated, with their new values. """ try: response = self.table.update_item( Key={"year": year, "title": title}, UpdateExpression="set info.rating=:r, info.plot=:p", ExpressionAttributeValues={":r": Decimal(str(rating)), ":p": plot}, ReturnValues="UPDATED_NEW", ) except ClientError as err: logger.error( "Couldn't update movie %s in table %s. Here's why: %s: %s", title, self.table.name, err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Attributes"]

산술 연산을 포함하는 업데이트 표현식을 사용하여 항목을 업데이트합니다.

class UpdateQueryWrapper: def __init__(self, table): self.table = table def update_rating(self, title, year, rating_change): """ Updates the quality rating of a movie in the table by using an arithmetic operation in the update expression. By specifying an arithmetic operation, you can adjust a value in a single request, rather than first getting its value and then setting its new value. :param title: The title of the movie to update. :param year: The release year of the movie to update. :param rating_change: The amount to add to the current rating for the movie. :return: The updated rating. """ try: response = self.table.update_item( Key={"year": year, "title": title}, UpdateExpression="set info.rating = info.rating + :val", ExpressionAttributeValues={":val": Decimal(str(rating_change))}, ReturnValues="UPDATED_NEW", ) except ClientError as err: logger.error( "Couldn't update movie %s in table %s. Here's why: %s: %s", title, self.table.name, err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Attributes"]

특정 조건을 충족하는 경우에만 항목을 업데이트합니다.

class UpdateQueryWrapper: def __init__(self, table): self.table = table def remove_actors(self, title, year, actor_threshold): """ Removes an actor from a movie, but only when the number of actors is greater than a specified threshold. If the movie does not list more than the threshold, no actors are removed. :param title: The title of the movie to update. :param year: The release year of the movie to update. :param actor_threshold: The threshold of actors to check. :return: The movie data after the update. """ try: response = self.table.update_item( Key={"year": year, "title": title}, UpdateExpression="remove info.actors[0]", ConditionExpression="size(info.actors) > :num", ExpressionAttributeValues={":num": actor_threshold}, ReturnValues="ALL_NEW", ) except ClientError as err: if err.response["Error"]["Code"] == "ConditionalCheckFailedException": logger.warning( "Didn't update %s because it has fewer than %s actors.", title, actor_threshold + 1, ) else: logger.error( "Couldn't update movie %s. Here's why: %s: %s", title, err.response["Error"]["Code"], err.response["Error"]["Message"], ) raise else: return response["Attributes"]
  • API 세부 정보는 AWSSDK for Python (Boto3) API 참조UpdateItem를 참조하십시오.

Ruby
SDK for Ruby
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

class DynamoDBBasics attr_reader :dynamo_resource attr_reader :table def initialize(table_name) client = Aws::DynamoDB::Client.new(region: "us-east-1") @dynamo_resource = Aws::DynamoDB::Resource.new(client: client) @table = @dynamo_resource.table(table_name) end # Updates rating and plot data for a movie in the table. # # @param movie [Hash] The title, year, plot, rating of the movie. def update_item(movie) response = @table.update_item( key: {"year" => movie[:year], "title" => movie[:title]}, update_expression: "set info.rating=:r", expression_attribute_values: { ":r" => movie[:rating] }, return_values: "UPDATED_NEW") rescue Aws::DynamoDB::Errors::ServiceError => e puts("Couldn't update movie #{movie[:title]} (#{movie[:year]}) in table #{@table.name}\n") puts("\t#{e.code}: #{e.message}") raise else response.attributes end
  • API 세부 정보는 AWS SDK for Ruby API 참조UpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

SAP ABAP
SDK for SAP ABAP API
참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

TRY. oo_output = lo_dyn->updateitem( iv_tablename = iv_table_name it_key = it_item_key it_attributeupdates = it_attribute_updates ). MESSAGE '1 item updated in DynamoDB Table' && iv_table_name TYPE 'I'. CATCH /aws1/cx_dyncondalcheckfaile00. MESSAGE 'A condition specified in the operation could not be evaluated.' TYPE 'E'. CATCH /aws1/cx_dynresourcenotfoundex. MESSAGE 'The table or index does not exist' TYPE 'E'. CATCH /aws1/cx_dyntransactconflictex. MESSAGE 'Another transaction is using the item' TYPE 'E'. ENDTRY.
  • API 세부 정보는 AWSSDK for SAP ABAP APIUpdateItem을 참조하십시오.

Swift
SDK for Swift
참고

이 사전 릴리스 설명서는 평가판 버전 SDK에 관한 것입니다. 내용은 변경될 수 있습니다.

참고

GitHub에 더 많은 내용이 있습니다. AWS 코드 예제 리포지토리에서 전체 예제를 찾고 설정 및 실행하는 방법을 배워보세요.

/// Update the specified movie with new `rating` and `plot` information. /// /// - Parameters: /// - title: The title of the movie to update. /// - year: The release year of the movie to update. /// - rating: The new rating for the movie. /// - plot: The new plot summary string for the movie. /// /// - Returns: An array of mappings of attribute names to their new /// listing each item actually changed. Items that didn't need to change /// aren't included in this list. `nil` if no changes were made. /// func update(title: String, year: Int, rating: Double? = nil, plot: String? = nil) async throws -> [Swift.String:DynamoDBClientTypes.AttributeValue]? { guard let client = self.ddbClient else { throw MoviesError.UninitializedClient } // Build the update expression and the list of expression attribute // values. Include only the information that's changed. var expressionParts: [String] = [] var attrValues: [Swift.String:DynamoDBClientTypes.AttributeValue] = [:] if rating != nil { expressionParts.append("info.rating=:r") attrValues[":r"] = .n(String(rating!)) } if plot != nil { expressionParts.append("info.plot=:p") attrValues[":p"] = .s(plot!) } let expression: String = "set \(expressionParts.joined(separator: ", "))" let input = UpdateItemInput( // Create substitution tokens for the attribute values, to ensure // no conflicts in expression syntax. expressionAttributeValues: attrValues, // The key identifying the movie to update consists of the release // year and title. key: [ "year": .n(String(year)), "title": .s(title) ], returnValues: .updatedNew, tableName: self.tableName, updateExpression: expression ) let output = try await client.updateItem(input: input) guard let attributes: [Swift.String:DynamoDBClientTypes.AttributeValue] = output.attributes else { throw MoviesError.InvalidAttributes } return attributes }
  • API에 대한 세부 정보는 AWS Swift용 SDK API 참조의 UpdateItem을 참조하세요.

더 많은 DynamoDB 예제는 AWS SDK를 사용한 DynamoDB용 코드 예제 섹션을 참조하세요.