Configuring database access for a Lambda function - AWS Lambda

Configuring database access for a Lambda function

You can create an Amazon RDS Proxy database proxy for your function. A database proxy manages a pool of database connections and relays queries from a function. With a proxy, high concurrency levels can be achieved without exhausting database connections.

Creating a database proxy (console)

You can use the Lambda console to create an Amazon RDS Proxy database proxy.

To create a database proxy
  1. Open the Functions page of the Lambda console.

  2. Choose a function.

  3. Choose Configuration and then choose Database proxies.

  4. Choose Add database proxy.

  5. Configure the following options.

    • Proxy identifier – The name of the proxy.

    • RDS DB instance – A supported MySQL or PostgreSQL DB instance or cluster.

    • Secret – A Secrets Manager secret with the database user name and password.

      Example secret
      { "username": "admin", "password": "e2abcecxmpldc897" }
    • IAM role – An IAM role with permission to use the secret, and a trust policy that allows Amazon RDS to assume the role.

    • Authentication – The authentication and authorization method for connecting to the proxy from your function code.

  6. Choose Add.


Amazon RDS charges a hourly price for proxies that is determined by the instance size of your database. For details, see RDS Proxy pricing.

Proxy creation takes a few minutes. When the proxy is available, configure your function to connect to the proxy endpoint instead of the database endpoint.

Standard Amazon RDS Proxy pricing applies. For more information, see Managing connections with the Amazon RDS Proxy in the Amazon Aurora User Guide.

Using the function's permissions for authentication

By default, you can connect to a proxy with the same username and password that it uses to connect to the database. The only difference in your function code is the endpoint that the database client connects to. The drawback of this method is that you must expose the password to your function code, either by configuring it in a secure environment variable or by retrieving it from Secrets Manager.

You can create a database proxy that uses the function's IAM credentials for authentication and authorization instead of a password. To use the function's permissions to connect to the proxy, set Authentication to Execution role.

The Lambda console adds the required permission (rds-db:connect) to the execution role. You can then use the AWS SDK to generate a token that allows it to connect to the proxy. The following example shows how to configure a database connection with the mysql2 library in Node.js.

Example dbadmin/index-iam.js – AWS SDK signer
const signer = new AWS.RDS.Signer({ region: region, hostname: host, port: sqlport, username: username }) exports.handler = async (event) => { let connectionConfig = { host : host, user : username, database : database, ssl: 'Amazon RDS', authPlugins: { mysql_clear_password: () => () => signer.getAuthToken() } } var connection = mysql.createConnection(connectionConfig) var query = event.query var result connection.connect() }

For more information, see IAM database authentication in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Sample application

Sample applications that demonstrate the use of Lambda with an Amazon RDS database are available in this guide's GitHub repository. There are two applications:

  • RDS MySQL – The AWS CloudFormation template template-vpcrds.yml creates a MySQL 5.7 database in a private VPC. In the sample application, a Lambda function proxies queries to the database. The function and database templates both use Secrets Manager to access database credentials.

              The dbadmin function relays queries to a database.

  • List Manager – A processor function reads events from a Kinesis stream. It uses the data from the events to update DynamoDB tables, and stores a copy of the event in a MySQL database.

              The processor function processes Kinesis events and stores the events in a
                MySQL database.

To use the sample applications, follow the instructions in the GitHub repository: RDS MySQL, List Manager.