Using Tangram ES for Android with Amazon Location Service - Amazon Location Service

Using Tangram ES for Android with Amazon Location Service

Tangram ES is a C++ library for rendering 2D and 3D maps from vector data using OpenGL ES. It's the native counterpart to Tangram.

Tangram styles built to work with the Tilezen schema are largely compatible with Amazon Location when using maps from HERE. These include:

  • Bubble Wrap – A full-featured wayfinding style with helpful icons for points of interest.

  • Cinnabar – A classic look and go-to for general mapping applications.

  • Refill – A minimalist map style designed for data visualization overlays, inspired by the seminal Toner style by Stamen Design.

  • Tron – An exploration of scale transformations in the visual language of TRON.

  • Walkabout – An outdoor-focused style that's perfect for hiking or getting out and about.

This guide describes how to integrate Tangram ES for Android with Amazon Location using the Tangram style called Cinnabar. This sample is available as part of the Amazon Location Service samples repository on GitHub.

While other Tangram styles are best accompanied by raster tiles, which encode terrain information, this feature isn't yet supported by Amazon Location.


The Tangram styles in the following tutorial are only compatible with Amazon Location map resources configured with the VectorHereBerlin style.

Building the application: Initialization

To initialize your application:

  1. Create a new Android Studio project from the Empty Activity template.

  2. Ensure that Kotlin is selected for the project language.

  3. Select a Minimum SDK of API 16: Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) or newer.

  4. Open Project Structure to select File, Project Structure..., and choose the Dependencies section.

  5. With <All Modules> selected, choose the + button to add a new Library Dependency.

  6. Add AWS Android SDK version 2.19.1 or later. For example: com.amazonaws:aws-android-sdk-core:2.19.1

  7. Add Tangram version 0.13.0 or later. For example: com.mapzen.tangram:tangram:0.13.0.


    Searching for Tangram: com.mapzen.tangram:tangram:0.13.0 will generate a message that it's "not found", but choosing OK will allow it to be added.

Building the application: Configuration

To configure your application with your resources and AWS Region:

  1. Create app/src/main/res/values/configuration.xml.

  2. Enter the names and identifiers of your resources as well as the AWS Region they were created in:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <resources> <string name="identityPoolId">us-east-1:54f2ba88-9390-498d-aaa5-0d97fb7ca3bd</string> <string name="mapName">TangramExampleMap</string> <string name="awsRegion">us-east-1</string> <string name="sceneUrl"></string> <string name="attribution">© 2020 HERE</string> </resources>

Building the application: Activity layout

Edit app/src/main/res/layout/activity_main.xml:

  • Add a MapView, which renders the map. This will also set the map's initial center point.

  • Add a TextView, which displays attribution.

This will also set the map's initial center point.


You must provide word mark or text attribution for each data provider that you use, either on your application or your documentation. Attribution strings are included in the style descriptor response under the sources.esri.attribution and keys.

Since Tangram doesn't request these resources, and is only compatible with maps from HERE, use "© 2020 HERE". When using Amazon Location resources with data providers, make sure to read the service terms and conditions.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="" xmlns:app="" xmlns:tools="" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" tools:context=".MainActivity"> <com.mapzen.tangram.MapView android:id="@+id/map" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:layout_width="match_parent" /> <TextView android:id="@+id/attributionView" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:background="#80808080" android:padding="5sp" android:textColor="@android:color/black" android:textSize="10sp" app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent" tools:ignore="SmallSp" /> </androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Building the application: Request transformation

Create a class named SigV4Interceptor to intercept AWS requests and sign them using Signature Version 4. This will be registered with the HTTP client used to fetch map resources when the Main Activity is created.

package aws.location.demo.okhttp import com.amazonaws.DefaultRequest import com.amazonaws.auth.AWS4Signer import com.amazonaws.auth.AWSCredentialsProvider import com.amazonaws.http.HttpMethodName import com.amazonaws.util.IOUtils import okhttp3.HttpUrl import okhttp3.Interceptor import okhttp3.Request import okhttp3.Response import okio.Buffer import import class SigV4Interceptor( private val credentialsProvider: AWSCredentialsProvider, private val serviceName: String ) : Interceptor { override fun intercept(chain: Interceptor.Chain): Response { val originalRequest = chain.request() if (originalRequest.url().host().contains("")) { val signer = if (originalRequest.url().encodedPath().contains("@")) { // the presence of "@" indicates that it doesn't need to be double URL-encoded AWS4Signer(false) } else { AWS4Signer() } val awsRequest = toAWSRequest(originalRequest, serviceName) signer.setServiceName(serviceName) signer.sign(awsRequest, credentialsProvider.credentials) return chain.proceed(toSignedOkHttpRequest(awsRequest, originalRequest)) } return chain.proceed(originalRequest) } companion object { fun toAWSRequest(request: Request, serviceName: String): DefaultRequest<Any> { // clone the request (AWS-style) so that it can be populated with credentials val dr = DefaultRequest<Any>(serviceName) // copy request info dr.httpMethod = HttpMethodName.valueOf(request.method()) with(request.url()) { dr.resourcePath = uri().path dr.endpoint = URI.create("${scheme()}://${host()}") // copy parameters for (p in queryParameterNames()) { if (p != "") { dr.addParameter(p, queryParameter(p)) } } } // copy headers for (h in request.headers().names()) { dr.addHeader(h, request.header(h)) } // copy the request body val bodyBytes = request.body()?.let { body -> val buffer = Buffer() body.writeTo(buffer) IOUtils.toByteArray(buffer.inputStream()) } dr.content = ByteArrayInputStream(bodyBytes ?: ByteArray(0)) return dr } fun toSignedOkHttpRequest( awsRequest: DefaultRequest<Any>, originalRequest: Request ): Request { // copy signed request back into an OkHttp Request val builder = Request.Builder() // copy headers from the signed request for ((k, v) in awsRequest.headers) { builder.addHeader(k, v) } // start building an HttpUrl val urlBuilder = HttpUrl.Builder() .host( .scheme(awsRequest.endpoint.scheme) .encodedPath(awsRequest.resourcePath) // copy parameters from the signed request for ((k, v) in awsRequest.parameters) { urlBuilder.addQueryParameter(k, v) } return builder.url( .method(originalRequest.method(), originalRequest.body()) .build() } } }

Building the application: Main activity

The Main Activity is responsible for initializing the views that will be displayed to users. This involves:

  • Instantiating an Amazon Cognito CredentialsProvider.

  • Registering the Signature Version 4 interceptor.

  • Configuring the map by pointing it at a map style, overriding tile URLs, and displaying appropriate attribution.

MainActivity is also responsible for forwarding life cycle events to the map view.

package aws.location.demo.tangram import android.os.Bundle import android.widget.TextView import import aws.location.demo.okhttp.SigV4Interceptor import com.amazonaws.auth.CognitoCachingCredentialsProvider import com.amazonaws.regions.Regions import com.mapzen.tangram.* import com.mapzen.tangram.networking.DefaultHttpHandler import com.mapzen.tangram.networking.HttpHandler private const val SERVICE_NAME = "geo" class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity(), MapView.MapReadyCallback { private var mapView: MapView? = null override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState) setContentView(R.layout.activity_main) mapView = findViewById( mapView?.getMapAsync(this, getHttpHandler()) findViewById<TextView>( = getString(R.string.attribution) } override fun onMapReady(mapController: MapController?) { val sceneUpdates = arrayListOf( SceneUpdate( "sources.mapzen.url", "https://maps.geo.${getString(R.string.awsRegion)}${ getString( R.string.mapName ) }/tiles/{z}/{x}/{y}" ) ) mapController?.let { map -> map.updateCameraPosition( CameraUpdateFactory.newLngLatZoom( LngLat(-123.1187, 49.2819), 12F ) ) map.loadSceneFileAsync( getString(R.string.sceneUrl), sceneUpdates ) } } private fun getHttpHandler(): HttpHandler { val builder = DefaultHttpHandler.getClientBuilder() val credentialsProvider = CognitoCachingCredentialsProvider( applicationContext, getString(R.string.identityPoolId), Regions.US_EAST_1 ) return DefaultHttpHandler( builder.addInterceptor( SigV4Interceptor( credentialsProvider, SERVICE_NAME ) ) ) } override fun onResume() { super.onResume() mapView?.onResume() } override fun onPause() { super.onPause() mapView?.onPause() } override fun onLowMemory() { super.onLowMemory() mapView?.onLowMemory() } override fun onDestroy() { super.onDestroy() mapView?.onDestroy() } }

Running this application displays a full-screen map in the style of your choosing. This sample is available as part of the Amazon Location Service samples repository on GitHub.