Logging AWS Marketplace Catalog API Calls with CloudTrail - AWS Marketplace Catalog API

Logging AWS Marketplace Catalog API Calls with CloudTrail

The AWS Marketplace Catalog API is integrated with AWS CloudTrail, a service that provides a record of actions taken by a user, role, or an AWS service. CloudTrail captures all calls to the Catalog API as events, including calls from the AWS Marketplace Management Portal.

If you create a trail, you can enable continuous delivery of CloudTrail events to an Amazon S3 bucket. If you don't configure a trail, you can still view the most recent events in the CloudTrail console in Event history. Using the information collected by CloudTrail, you can determine the request, the IP address from which the request was made, who made the request, when it was made, and additional details.

AWS Marketplace Catalog API Information in CloudTrail

CloudTrail is enabled on your AWS account when you create the account. When activity occurs in the AWS Marketplace Catalog API, that activity is recorded in a CloudTrail event along with other AWS service events in Event history. You can view, search, and download recent events in your AWS account. For more information, see Viewing Events with CloudTrail Event History in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

For an ongoing record of events in your AWS account, create a trail. A trail enables CloudTrail to deliver log files to an Amazon S3 bucket. By default, when you create a trail in the console, the trail applies to all AWS Regions. The trail logs events from all AWS Regions in the AWS partition and delivers the log files to the Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. Additionally, you can configure other AWS services to further analyze and act upon the event data collected in CloudTrail logs. For more information, see:

All AWS Marketplace Catalog API actions are logged by CloudTrail and are documented in this API Reference. For example, calls to the StartChangeSet, DescribeChangeSet, and ListChangeSets API actions generate entries in the CloudTrail log files. Every event or log entry contains information about who generated the request. The identity information helps you determine the following:

  • Whether the request was made with root or IAM user credentials.

  • Whether the request was made with temporary security credentials for a role or federated user.

  • Whether the request was made by another AWS service.

For more information, see CloudTrail userIdentity Element in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide.

Understanding AWS Marketplace Catalog Log File Entries

A trail is a configuration that enables delivery of events as log files to an Amazon S3 bucket that you specify. CloudTrail log files contain one or more log entries. An event represents a single request from any source and includes information about the requested action, the date and time of the action, request parameters, and so on. CloudTrail log files are not an ordered stack trace of the public API calls, so they do not appear in any specific order.

Note

These examples have been formatted for improved readability. In a CloudTrail log file, all entries and events are concatenated into a single line. In addition, this example has been limited to a single AWS Marketplace Catalog API entry. In a real CloudTrail log file, you see entries and events from multiple AWS services.

The following example shows a AWS Marketplace Catalog API log entry that demonstrates the ListEntities action:

[ { "eventVersion": "1.05", "userIdentity": { "type": "IAMUser", "principalId": "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP12345", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789010:user/CloudTrailTestUser", "accountId": "123456789010", "accessKeyId": "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP1234", "userName": "CloudTrailTestUser" }, "eventTime": "2019-10-17T21:49:23Z", "eventSource": "marketplacecatalog.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListEntities", "awsRegion": "us-east-1", "sourceIPAddress": "127.0.0.1", "userAgent": "PostmanRuntime/7.18.0", "requestParameters": { "catalog": "AWSMarketplace", "entityType": "EntityProduct", "sort": { "sortBy": "LastUpdateTimeInMillis", "sortOrder": "DESC" }, "maxResults": 20 }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "fEXAMPLE-cb3e-4e21-86fd-6b3EXAMPLEd1", "eventID": "7EXAMPLE-97d6-4139-91e3-01aEXAMPLE48", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "recipientAccountId": "123456789010" } ]