Components of an object lifecycle policy - AWS Elemental MediaStore

Components of an object lifecycle policy

Object lifecycle policies govern how long objects remain in an AWS Elemental MediaStore container. Each object lifecycle policy consists of one or more rules, which dictate the lifespan of objects. A rule can apply to one folder, multiple folders, or the entire container.

You can attach one object lifecycle policy to a container, and each object lifecycle policy can contain up to 10 rules. You can't assign an object lifecycle policy to an individual object.

Rules in an object lifecycle policy

You can create three types of rules:

Transient data

A transient data rule sets objects to expire within seconds. This type of rule applies only to objects that are added to the container after the policy becomes effective. It takes up to 20 minutes for MediaStore to apply the new policy to the container.

An example of a rule for transient data looks like this:

{ "definition": { "path": [ {"wildcard": "Football/index*.m3u8"} ], "seconds_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">", 120]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" },

Transient data rules have three parts:

  • path: Always set to wildcard. You use this part to define which objects you want to delete. You can use one or more wildcards, represented by an asterisk (*). Each wildcard represents any combination of zero or more characters. For example, "path": [ {"wildcard": "Football/index*.m3u8"} ], applies to all files in the Football folder that match the pattern of index*.m3u8 (such as index.m3u8, index1.m3us8, and index123456.m3u8). You can include up to 10 paths in a single rule.

  • seconds_since_create: Always set to numeric. You can specify a value from 1-300 seconds. You can also set the operator to greater than (>) or greater than or equal to (>=).

  • action: Always set to EXPIRE.

For transient data rules (objects expire within seconds), there is no lag between the expiration of an object and the deletion of the object.

Note

Objects that are subject to a transient data rule are not included in a list-items response.

Delete object

A delete object rule sets objects to expire within days. This type of rule applies to all objects in the container, even if they were added to the container before the policy was created. It takes up to 20 minutes for MediaStore to apply the new policy, but it can take up to 24 hours for the objects to clear from the container.

An example of two rules for deleting objects looks like this:

{ "definition": { "path": [ { "prefix": "FolderName/" } ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 5]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ { "wildcard": "Football/*.ts" } ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 5]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }

Delete object rules have three parts:

  • path: Set to either prefix or wildcard. You can't mix prefix and wildcard in the same rule. If you want to use both, you must create one rule for prefix and a separate rule for wildcard, as shown in the example above.

    • prefix - You set the path to prefix if you want to delete all objects within a particular folder. If the parameter is empty ("path": [ { "prefix": "" } ],), the target is all objects that are stored anywhere within the current container. You can include up to 10 prefix paths in a single rule.

    • wildcard - You set the path to wildcard if you want to delete specific objects based on file name and/or file type. You can use one or more wildcards, represented by an asterisk (*). Each wildcard represents any combination of zero or more characters. For example, "path": [ {"wildcard": "Football/*.ts"} ], applies to all files in the Football folder that match the pattern of *.ts (such as filename.ts, filename1.ts, and filename123456.ts). You can include up to 10 wildcard paths in a single rule.

  • days_since_create: Always set to numeric. You can specify a value from 1-36,500 days. You can also set the operator to greater than (>) or greater than or equal to (>=).

  • action: Always set to EXPIRE.

For delete object rules (objects expire within days), there might be a slight lag between the expiration of an object and the deletion of the object. However, changes in billing happen as soon as the object expires. For example, if a lifecycle rule specifies 10 days_since_create, the account isn't billed for the object after the object is 10 days old, even if the object isn't deleted yet.

Lifecycle transition

A lifecycle transition rule sets objects to be moved to the infrequent access (IA) storage class after they reach a certain age, measured in days. Objects that are stored in the IA storage class have different rates for storage and retrieval than objects that are stored in the standard storage class. For more information, see MediaStore Pricing.

Once an object has moved to the IA storage class, you can't move it back to the standard storage class.

The lifecycle transition rule applies to all objects in the container, even if they were added to the container before the policy was created. It takes up to 20 minutes for MediaStore to apply the new policy, but it can take up to 24 hours for the objects to clear from the container.

An example of a lifecycle transition rule looks like this:

{ "definition": { "path": [ {"prefix": "AwardsShow/"} ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">=" , 30]} ] }, "action": "ARCHIVE" }

Lifecycle transition rules have three parts:

  • path: Set to either prefix or wildcard. You can't mix prefix and wildcard in the same rule. If you want to use both, you must create one rule for prefix and a separate rule for wildcard.

    • prefix - You set the path to prefix if you want to transition all objects within a particular folder to the IA storage class. If the parameter is empty ("path": [ { "prefix": "" } ],), the target is all objects that are saved anywhere within the current container. You can include up to 10 prefix paths in a single rule.

    • wildcard - You set the path to wildcard if you want to transition specific objects to the IA storage class based on file name and/or file type. You can use one or more wildcards, represented by an asterisk (*). Each wildcard represents any combination of zero or more characters. For example, "path": [ {"wildcard": "Football/*.ts"} ], applies to all files in the Football folder that match the pattern of *.ts (such as filename.ts, filename1.ts, and filename123456.ts). You can include up to 10 wildcard paths in a single rule.

  • days_since_create: Always set to "numeric": [">=" , 30].

  • action: Always set to ARCHIVE.

Example

Suppose that a container named LiveEvents has four subfolders: Football, Baseball, Basketball, and AwardsShow. The object lifecycle policy assigned to the LiveEvents folder might look like this:

{ "rules": [ { "definition": { "path": [ {"prefix": "Football/"}, {"prefix": "Baseball/"} ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 28]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ { "prefix": "AwardsShow/" } ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">=" , 15]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ { "prefix": "" } ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 40]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ { "wildcard": "Football/*.ts" } ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 20]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ {"wildcard": "Football/index*.m3u8"} ], "seconds_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">" , 15]} ] }, "action": "EXPIRE" }, { "definition": { "path": [ {"prefix": "Program/"} ], "days_since_create": [ {"numeric": [">=" , 30]} ] }, "action": "ARCHIVE" } ] }

The preceding policy specifies the following:

  • The first rule instructs AWS Elemental MediaStore to delete objects that are stored in the LiveEvents/Football folder and the LiveEvents/Baseball folder after they are older than 28 days.

  • The second rule instructs the service to delete objects that are stored in the LiveEvents/AwardsShow folder when they are 15 days old or older.

  • The third rule instructs the service to delete objects that are stored anywhere in the LiveEvents container after they are older than 40 days. This rule applies to objects stored directly in the LiveEvents container, as well as objects stored in any of the container's four subfolders.

  • The fourth rule instructs the service to delete objects in the Football folder that match the pattern *.ts after they are older than 20 days.

  • The fifth rule instructs the service to delete objects in the Football folder that match the pattern index*.m3u8 after they are older than 15 seconds. MediaStore deletes these files 16 seconds after they are placed in the container.

  • The sixth rule instructs the service to move objects in the Program folder to the IA storage class after they are 30 days old.

For more examples of object lifecycle policies, see Example object lifecycle policies.