Open Monitoring with Prometheus - Amazon Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka

Open Monitoring with Prometheus

You can monitor your MSK cluster with Prometheus, an open-source monitoring system for time-series metric data. You can also use tools that are compatible with Prometheus-formatted metrics or tools that integrate with Amazon MSK Open Monitoring, like Datadog, Lenses, New Relic, and Sumo logic. Open monitoring is available for free but charges apply for the transfer of data across Availability Zones. For information about Prometheus, see the Prometheus documentation.

Creating an Amazon MSK Cluster with Open Monitoring Enabled

Using the AWS Management Console

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console, and open the Amazon MSK console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/msk/home?region=us-east-1#/home/.

  2. In the Monitoring section, select the check box next to Enable open monitoring with Prometheus.

  3. Provide the required information in all the sections of the page, and review all the available options.

  4. Choose Create cluster.

Using the AWS CLI

  • Invoke the create-cluster command and specify its open-monitoring option. Enable the JmxExporter, the NodeExporter, or both. If you specify open-monitoring, the two exporters can't be disabled at the same time.

Using the API

  • Invoke the CreateCluster operation and specify OpenMonitoring. Enable the jmxExporter, the nodeExporter, or both. If you specify OpenMonitoring, the two exporters can't be disabled at the same time.

Enabling Open Monitoring for an Existing Amazon MSK Cluster

To enable open monitoring, make sure that the cluster is in the ACTIVE state.

Using the AWS Management Console

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console, and open the Amazon MSK console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/msk/home?region=us-east-1#/home/.

  2. Choose the name of the cluster that you want to update. This takes you to the Details page for the cluster.

  3. On the Details tab, scroll down to find the Monitoring section.

  4. Choose Edit.

  5. Select the check box next to Enable open monitoring with Prometheus.

  6. Choose Save changes.

Using the AWS CLI

  • Invoke the update-monitoring command and specify its open-monitoring option. Enable the JmxExporter, the NodeExporter, or both. If you specify open-monitoring, the two exporters can't be disabled at the same time.

Using the API

  • Invoke the UpdateMonitoring operation and specify OpenMonitoring. Enable the jmxExporter, the nodeExporter, or both. If you specify OpenMonitoring, the two exporters can't be disabled at the same time.

Setting Up a Prometheus Host on an Amazon EC2 Instance

  1. Download the Prometheus server from https://prometheus.io/download/#prometheus to your Amazon EC2 instance.

  2. Extract the downloaded file to a directory and go to that directory.

  3. Create a file with the following contents and name it prometheus.yml.

    # file: prometheus.yml # my global config global: scrape_interval: 10s # A scrape configuration containing exactly one endpoint to scrape: # Here it's Prometheus itself. scrape_configs: # The job name is added as a label `job=<job_name>` to any timeseries scraped from this config. - job_name: 'prometheus' static_configs: # 9090 is the prometheus server port - targets: ['localhost:9090'] - job_name: 'broker' file_sd_configs: - files: - 'targets.json'
  4. Use the ListNodes operation to get a list of your cluster's brokers.

  5. Create a file named targets.json with the following JSON. Replace broker_dns_1, broker_dns_2, and the rest of the broker DNS names with the DNS names you obtained for your brokers in the previous step. Include all of the brokers you obtained in the previous step. Amazon MSK uses port 11001 for the JMX Exporter and port 11002 for the Node Exporter.

    [ { "labels": { "job": "jmx" }, "targets": [ "broker_dns_1:11001", "broker_dns_2:11001", . . . "broker_dns_N:11001" ] }, { "labels": { "job": "node" }, "targets": [ "broker_dns_1:11002", "broker_dns_2:11002", . . . "broker_dns_N:11002" ] } ]
  6. To start the Prometheus server on your Amazon EC2 instance, run the following command in the directory where you extracted the Prometheus files and saved prometheus.yml and targets.json.

    ./prometheus
  7. Find the IPv4 public IP address of the Amazon EC2 instance where you ran Prometheus in the previous step. You need this public IP address in the following step.

  8. To access the Prometheus web UI, open a browser that can access your Amazon EC2 instance, and go to Prometheus-Instance-Public-IP:9090, where Prometheus-Instance-Public-IP is the public IP address you got in the previous step.

Prometheus Metrics

All metrics emitted by Apache Kafka to JMX are accessible using open monitoring with Prometheus. For information about Apache Kafka metrics, see Monitoring in the Apache Kafka documentation. Along with Apache Kafka metrics, consumer-lag metrics are also available at port 11001 under the JMX MBean name kafka.consumer.group:type=ConsumerLagMetrics. You can also use the Prometheus Node Exporter to get CPU and disk metrics for your brokers at port 11002.