Step 2: Upload data to OpenSearch Service for indexing - Amazon OpenSearch Service (successor to Amazon Elasticsearch Service)

Step 2: Upload data to OpenSearch Service for indexing


This is a concise tutorial for uploading a small amount of test data to Amazon OpenSearch Service (OpenSearch Service). For more about uploading data in a production domain, see Indexing data in Amazon OpenSearch Service.

You can upload data to an OpenSearch Service domain using the command line or most programming languages.

The following example requests use curl (a common HTTP client) for brevity and convenience. Clients like curl can't perform the request signing that's required if your access policies specify IAM users or roles. To successfully complete this process, you must use fine-grained access control with a primary user name and password like you configured in Step 1.

You can install curl on Windows and use it from the command prompt, but we recommend a tool like Cygwin or the Windows Subsystem for Linux. macOS and most Linux distributions come with curl preinstalled.

Option 1: Upload a single document

Run the following command to add a single document to the movies domain:

curl -XPUT -u 'master-user:master-user-password' 'domain-endpoint/movies/_doc/1' -d '{"director": "Burton, Tim", "genre": ["Comedy","Sci-Fi"], "year": 1996, "actor": ["Jack Nicholson","Pierce Brosnan","Sarah Jessica Parker"], "title": "Mars Attacks!"}' -H 'Content-Type: application/json'

For a detailed explanation of this command and how to make signed requests to OpenSearch Service, see Indexing data in Amazon OpenSearch Service.

Option 2: Upload multiple documents

To upload a JSON file that contains multiple documents to an OpenSearch Service domain

  1. Create a local file called bulk_movies.json. Paste the following content into the file and add a trailing newline:

    { "index" : { "_index": "movies", "_id" : "2" } } {"director": "Frankenheimer, John", "genre": ["Drama", "Mystery", "Thriller", "Crime"], "year": 1962, "actor": ["Lansbury, Angela", "Sinatra, Frank", "Leigh, Janet", "Harvey, Laurence", "Silva, Henry", "Frees, Paul", "Gregory, James", "Bissell, Whit", "McGiver, John", "Parrish, Leslie", "Edwards, James", "Flowers, Bess", "Dhiegh, Khigh", "Payne, Julie", "Kleeb, Helen", "Gray, Joe", "Nalder, Reggie", "Stevens, Bert", "Masters, Michael", "Lowell, Tom"], "title": "The Manchurian Candidate"} { "index" : { "_index": "movies", "_id" : "3" } } {"director": "Baird, Stuart", "genre": ["Action", "Crime", "Thriller"], "year": 1998, "actor": ["Downey Jr., Robert", "Jones, Tommy Lee", "Snipes, Wesley", "Pantoliano, Joe", "Jacob, Ir\u00e8ne", "Nelligan, Kate", "Roebuck, Daniel", "Malahide, Patrick", "Richardson, LaTanya", "Wood, Tom", "Kosik, Thomas", "Stellate, Nick", "Minkoff, Robert", "Brown, Spitfire", "Foster, Reese", "Spielbauer, Bruce", "Mukherji, Kevin", "Cray, Ed", "Fordham, David", "Jett, Charlie"], "title": "U.S. Marshals"} { "index" : { "_index": "movies", "_id" : "4" } } {"director": "Ray, Nicholas", "genre": ["Drama", "Romance"], "year": 1955, "actor": ["Hopper, Dennis", "Wood, Natalie", "Dean, James", "Mineo, Sal", "Backus, Jim", "Platt, Edward", "Ray, Nicholas", "Hopper, William", "Allen, Corey", "Birch, Paul", "Hudson, Rochelle", "Doran, Ann", "Hicks, Chuck", "Leigh, Nelson", "Williams, Robert", "Wessel, Dick", "Bryar, Paul", "Sessions, Almira", "McMahon, David", "Peters Jr., House"], "title": "Rebel Without a Cause"}
  2. Run the following command in the local directory where the file is stored to upload it to the movies domain:

    curl -XPOST -u 'master-user:master-user-password' 'domain-endpoint/_bulk' --data-binary @bulk_movies.json -H 'Content-Type: application/json'

For more information about the bulk file format, see Indexing data in Amazon OpenSearch Service.

Next: Search documents