Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

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Arabic (arb)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Arabic voice of Zeina that is supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ʔ

?

glottal stop

أَنا

ʕ

?\

voiced pharyngeal fricative

عُمَر

k

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

بَلَد

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

داري

t

d_?\

emphatic voiced alveolar plosive

ضَوء

t

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

جَميل

S

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

ذلِكَ

T

ðˤ

D_?\

emphatic voiced dental fricative

ظَلام

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

فَصل

f

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

إنجلترا

k

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

غَرب

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

هذا

k

j

j

palatal approximant

يَمشي

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

كَلب

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

لاقى

t

l_G

emphatic alveolar lateral approximant

الله

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

ماذا

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

نور

t

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

حَبس

p

q

q

voiceless uvular plosive

قَريب

k

r

r

alveolar trill

رَمل

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

سُؤال

s

s_?\

emphatic voiceless alveolar fricative

صاحِب

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

شُكر

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

تَمر

t

t_?\

emphatic voiceless alveolar plosive

طالِب

t

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

ثَلاث

T

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

فيتامين

f

w

w

labio-velar approximant

وَلَد

u

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

خَوْف

k

ħ

X\

voiceless pharyngeal fricative

حَوْلَ

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

زُهور

s

Vowels

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

بَرد

a

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

دار

a

ɑˤ

A_?\

emphatic open back unrounded vowel

طَبل

a

ɑˤː

A_?\:

emphatic long open back unrounded vowel

ظالِم

a

u

u

close back rounded vowel

شُرب

u

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

سور

u

u_?\

emphatic close back rounded vowel

بُدّ

u

uˤː

u_?\:

emphatic long close back rounded vowel

طول

u

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

بِنت

i

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

حَزين

i

i_?\

emphatic close front unrounded vowel

ضِدّ

i

iˤː

i_?\:

emphatic long close front unrounded vowel

ماضي

i

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

ماركت

e

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

موديل

e

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

تكنولوجي

O

ɔː

O:

long open-mid back rounded vowel

تليفزيون

O