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Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Dutch (nl-NL)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Dutch voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bak

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dak

t

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

manager

S

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fel

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

goal

k

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

hoed

k

ɦ

h\

voiced glottal fricative

hand

k

j

j

palatal approximant

ja

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

kap

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

land

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

met

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

net

t

ŋ

N

velar nasal

bang

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pak

p

r

r

alveolar trill

rand

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

sein

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

show

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tak

t

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vel

f

ʋ

v\

labiodental approximant

wit

f

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

toch

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

ziin

s

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

bagage

S

Vowels

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

neus

o

œy

9y

diphthong

buit

O

ə

@

mid central vowel

de

@

a:

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

baad

a

ɑ:

A

open back unrounded vowel

bad

a

e:

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

beet

e

ɜː

3:

long open-mid central unrounded vowel

barrière

E

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

bed

E

ɛi

Ei

diphthong

beet

E

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

vier

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

pit

i

o:

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

boot

o

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

pot

O

u

u

close back rounded vowel

hoed

u

ʌu

Vu

diphthong

fout

E

y:

long close front rounded vowel

fuut

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

hut

u