Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

German (de-DE)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the German voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ʔ

?

glottal stop

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

Bier

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

Dach

t

ç

C

voiceless palatal fricative

ich

k

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

Dschungel

S

f

f

Voiceless labiodental fricative

Vogel

f

g

g

Voiced velar plosive

Gabel

k

h

h

Voiceless glottal fricative

Haus

k

j

j

Voiceless glottal fricative

jemand

i

k

k

Voiceless velar plosive

Kleid

k

l

l

Alveolar lateral approximant

Loch

t

m

m

Bilabial nasal

Milch

p

n

n

Alveolar nasal

Natur

t

ŋ

N

Velar nasal

klingen

k

p

p

Voiceless bilabial plosive

Park

p

p͡f

pf

Voiceless labiodental affricate

Apfel

ʀ

R

Uvular trill

Regen

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

Messer

s

ʃ

S

Voiceless postalveolar fricative

Fischer

S

t

t

Voiceless alveolar plosive

Topf

T

t͡s

Ts

Voiceless alveolar affricate

Zahl

t͡ʃ

tS

Voiceless postalveolar affricate

deutsch

S

v

v

Voiced labiodental fricative

Wasser

f

x

x

Voiceless velar fricative

kochen

k

z

z

Voiced alveolar fricative

See

s

ʒ

Z

Voiced postalveolar fricative

Orange

S

Vowels

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

böse

o

ɐ

6

near-open central vowel

besser

a

ɐ̯

6_^

non-syllabic near-open central vowel

Klar

a

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

können

O

ə

@

mid central vowel

Rede

@

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

Salz

a

a:

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

Sahne

a

aI

diphthong

nein

a

aU

diphthong

Augen

a

ɑ̃

A~

nasal open back unrounded vowel

Restaurant

a

e:

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

Rede

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

Keller

E

ɛ̃

E~

nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel

Terrain

E

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

Lied

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

bitte

i

o:

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

Kohl

o

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

Koffer

O

ɔ̃

O~

nasal open-mid back rounded vowel

Annonce

O

ɔʏ

OY

diphthong

neu

O

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

Bruder

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

Wunder

u

y:

y:

long close front rounded vowel

kühl

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

Küche

u