Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

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Icelandic (is-IS)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Icelandic voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

grasbakkanum

0

c

c

voiceless palatal plosive

pakkin

k

c_h

aspirated voiceless palatal plosive

anarkistai

k

ç

C

voiceless palatal fricative

héðan

k

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

bóndi

t

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

borð

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

duft

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

holgóma

k

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

hugur

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

heili

k

j

j

palatal approximant

jökull

i

k_h

aspirated voiceless velar plosive

ósköpunum

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lf

t

l_0

voiceless alveolar lateral approximant

lk

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

september

p

m_0

voiceless bilabial nasal

kompa

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

númer

t

n_0

voiceless alveolar nasal

ntun

t

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

pælingar

J

ŋ

N

velar nasal

ngvarann

k

ŋ̊

N_0

voiceless velar nasal

frænka

k

p_h

aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive

afplánun

p

r

r

alveolar trill

afskrifta

r

r_0

voiceless alveolar trill

andvörpum

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

baðhús

s

t_h

aspirated voiceless alveolar plosive

tanki

t

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

þeldökki

T

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

silfur

f

w

w

labial-velar approximant

u

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

samfélags

k

Vowels

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

þröskuldinum

O

œː

9:

long open-mid front rounded vowel

tvö

O

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

nefna

a

a:

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

fara

a

au

au

diphthong

átta

a

au:

au:

diphthong

átján

a

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

kennari

E

ɛ:

E:

long open-mid front unrounded vowel

dreka

E

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

Gúlíver

i

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

þrír

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

samspil

i

ɪ:

I:

long near-close near-front unrounded vowel

stig

i

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

regndropar

O

ɔ:

O:

long open-mid back rounded vowel

ullarbolur

O

ɔu

Ou

diphthong

tólf

O

ɔu:

Ou:

diphthong

fjórir

O

u

u

close back rounded vowel

stúlkan

u

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

frú

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

tíu

u

ʏ:

Y

long near-close near-front rounded vowel

gruninn

u

Additional Symbols

ˈ

"

primary stress

Alabama

ˌ

%

secondary stress

Alabama

.

.

syllable boundary

A.la.ba.ma