Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Spanish, Mexican (es-MX)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Mexican Spanish voice that is supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

pero, bravo, amor, eterno

t

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bestia

p

β

B

voiced bilabial fricative

bebé

B

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

cuando

t

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

arder

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fase, café

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

gato, lengua, guerra

k

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

trigo, Argos

k

j

j

palatal approximant

hacia, tierra, radio, viuda

i

ʝ

j\

voiced palatal fricative

enhielar, sayo, inyectado, desyerba

J

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

caña, laca, quisimos

k

l

l

lateral alveolar approximant

lino, calor, principal

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

madre, comer, anfibio

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

nido, anillo, sin

t

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

cabaña, ñoquis

J

ŋ

N

velar nasal

angosto, increíble

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pozo, topo

p

r

r

alveolar trill

perro, enrachado

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

saco, casa, puertas

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

show, flash

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tamiz, átomo

t

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

chubasco

S

w

w

labial-velar approximant

fuego, fuimos, cuota, cuadro

u

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

jamón, general, peaje, reloj

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

rasgo, mismo

s

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

Harrison

k

ɹ

r\

postalveolar approximant

Brian

r

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

Vancouver

f

Vowels

a

a

central open unrounded vowel

tanque

a

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

peso

e

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

cinco

i

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

bosque

o

u

u

close back rounded vowel

publicar

u

ɛ

E

open mid-front unrounded vowel

dress

E

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

Fort

O

ə

@

mid central vowel

Lauderdale

@

Additional Symbols

ˈ

"

primary stress

Alabama

ˌ

%

secondary stress

Alabama

.

.

syllable boundary

A.la.ba.ma