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Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Norwegian (nb-NO)

The following chart lists the full set of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes and the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols as well as the corresponding visemes as supported by Amazon Polly for Norwegian language voices.

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

prøv

t

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

labb

p

ç

C

voiceless palatal fricative

kino

k

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

ladd

t

ɖ

d`

voiced retroflex plosive

verdi

t

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fot

f

ɡ

ɡ

voiced velar plosive

tagg

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

ha

k

j

j

palatal approximant

gi

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

takk

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

fall, ball

t

ɭ

l`

retroflex lateral approximant

ærlig

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

lam

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

vann

t

ɳ

n`

retroflex nasal

garn

t

ŋ

N

velar nasal

sang

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

hopp

p

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

lass

s

ʂ

s`

voiceless retroflex fricative

års

S

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

skyt

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

lat

t

ʈ

t`

voiceless retroflex plosive

hardt

t

ʋ

v\

labiodental approximant

vin

f

w

w

labial-velar approximant

will

x

Vowels

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

søt

o

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

søtt

O

ə

@

mid central vowel

ape

@

æː

{:

long near-open front unrounded vowel

vær

a

ʉ

}

close central rounded vowel

lund

u

ʉː

}:

long close central rounded vowel

lun

u

æ

{

near-open front unrounded vowel

vært

a

ɑ

A

open back unrounded vowel

hatt

a

ɑː

A:

long open back unrounded vowel

hat

a

e:

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

sen

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

send

E

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

vin

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

vind

i

long close-mid back rounded vowel

våt

o

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

vått

O

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

bok

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

bukk

u

y:

y:

long close front rounded vowel

lyn

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

lynne

u