Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Polish (pl-PL)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Polish voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bobas, belka

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dar, do

t

d͡z

dz

voiced alveolar affricate

dzwon, widzowie

s

d͡ʑ

dz\

voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

więk

J

d͡ʐ

dz`

voiced retroflex affricate

em, ungla

S

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

furtka, film

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

gazeta, waga

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

chleb, handel

k

j

j

palatal approximant

jak, maja

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

kura, marek

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lipa, alicja

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

matka, molo

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

norka

t

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

koń, toruń

J

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pora, stop

p

r

r

alveolar trill

rok, park

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

sum, pas

s

ɕ

s\

voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative

śruba, śnieg

J

ʂ

s`

voiceless retroflex fricative

szum, masz

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tok, stół

t

t͡s

ts

voiceless alveolar affricate

car, co

s

t͡ɕ

ts\

voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

ćma, mieć

J

t͡ʂ

ts`

voiceless retroflex affricate

czas, raczej

S

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

worek, mewa

f

w

w

labial-velar approximant

łaska, mało

u

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zero

s

ʑ

z\

voiced alveolo-palatal fricative

źrebię, bieliźnie

J

ʐ

z`

voiced retroflex fricative

żar, żona

S

Vowels

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

ja

a

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

echo

E

ɛ̃

E~

nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel

węże

E

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

ile

i

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

oczy

O

ɔ̃

O~

nasal open-mid back rounded vowel

wąż

O

u

u

close back rounded vowel

uczta

u

ɨ

1

close central unrounded vowel

byk

i