Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Russian (ru-RU)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Russian voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

борт

p

b'

palatalized voiced bilabial plosive

бюро

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

дом

t

d'

palatalized voiced alveolar plosive

дядя

t

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

флаг

f

f'

palatalized voiceless labiodental fricative

февраль

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

нога

k

ɡʲ

g'

palatalized voiced velar plosive

герой

k

j

j

palatal approximant

дизайн, ящик

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

кот

k

k'

palatalized voiceless velar plosive

кино

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

лампа

t

l'

palatalized alveolar lateral approximant

лес

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

мама

p

m'

palatalized bilabial nasal

мяч

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

нос

t

n'

palatalized alveolar nasal

няня

t

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

папа

p

p'

palatalized voiceless bilabial plosive

перо

p

r

r

alveolar trill

роза

r

r'

palatalized alveolar trill

рюмка

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

сыр

s

s'

palatalized voiceless alveolar fricative

сердце, русь

s

ɕ:

s\:

long voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative

щека

J

ʂ

s`

voiceless retroflex fricative

шум

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

точка

t

t'

palatalized voiceless alveolar plosive

тётя

t

t͡s

ts

voiceless alveolar affricate

царь

s

t͡ɕ

ts\

voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

час

J

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

вор

f

v'

palatalized voiced labiodental fricative

верфь

f

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

хор

k

x'

palatalized voiceless velar fricative

химия

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

зуб

s

z'

palatalized voiced alveolar fricative

зима

s

ʑ:

z\:

long voiced alveolo-palatal fricative

уезжать

J

ʐ

z`

voiced retroflex fricative

жена

S

Vowels

ə

@

mid central vowel

канарейка

@

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

два, яблоко

a

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

печь

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

это

E

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

один, четыре

i

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

кот

o

u

u

close back rounded vowel

муж, вьюга

u

ɨ

1

close central unrounded vowel

мышь

i