Menu
Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Spanish (es-ES)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Spanish voices that are supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

pero, bravo, amor, eterno

t

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bestia

p

β

B

voiced bilabial fricative

bebé

B

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

cuando

t

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

arder

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fase, café

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

gato, lengua, guerra

k

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

trigo, Argos

k

j

j

palatal approximant

hacia, tierra, radio, viuda

i

ʝ

j\

voiced palatal fricative

enhielar, sayo, inyectado, desyerba

J

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

caña, laca, quisimos

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lino, calor, principal

t

ʎ

L

palatal lateral approximant

llave, pollo

J

m

m

bilabial nasal

madre, comer, anfibio

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

nido, anillo, sin

t

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

cabaña, ñoquis

J

ŋ

N

velar nasal

cinco, venga

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pozo, topo

p

r

r

alveolar trill

perro, enrachado

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

saco, casa, puertas

s

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tamiz, átomo

t

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

chubasco

S

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

cereza, zorro, lacero, paz

T

w

w

labial-velar approximant

fuego, fuimos, cuota, cuadro

u

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

jamón, general, suje, reloj

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

rasgo, mismo

s

Vowels

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

tanque

a

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

peso

e

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

cinco

i

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

bosque

o

u

u

close-mid front unrounded vowel

publicar

u

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

keçi

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

dede

e

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

bir

i

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

izah

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

keçi

i

ɯ

M

close back unrounded vowel

kıl

i

o

o

long close-mid back rounded vowel

kol

o

o:

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

dolar

o

u

u

close back rounded vowel

durum

u

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

ruhum

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

dolu

u

Y

y

close front rounded vowel

güvenlik

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

ı

u