Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Turkish (tr-TR)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Turkish voice supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

durum

t

ɾ̝̊

4_0_r

voiceless fricated alveolar flap

bir

t

ɾ̝

4_r

fricated alveolar flap

raf

t

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

raf

p

c

c

voiceless palatal plosive

kedi

k

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dede

t

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

cam

S

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fare

f

g

g

voiced velar plosiv

galibi

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

hasta

k

j

j

palatal approximant

yat

i

ɟ

J\

voiced palatal plosive

genç

J

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

akıl

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lale

t

ɫ

5

velarized alveolar lateral approximant

labirent

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

maaş

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

anı

t

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

ip

p

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

ses

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

aşı

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

ütü

t

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

çaba

S

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

ekvator, kahveci, akvaryum, isveçli, teşviki, cetvel

f

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

ver

s

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

azık

S

Vowels

ø

2

close-mid front rounded vowel

göl

0

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

banliyö

O

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

kal

a

a:

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

dava

a

æ

{

near-open front unrounded vowel

özlem, güvenlik, gürel, somersault

a

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

keçi

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

dede

E

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

bir

i

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

izah

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

keçi

i

ɯ

M

close back unrounded vowel

kıl

i

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

kol

o

o:

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

dolar

o

u

u

close back rounded vowel

durum

u

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

ruhum

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

dolu

u

y

y

close front rounded vowel

güvenlik

u

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

ı

u