Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Welsh (cy-GB)

The following table lists the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) phonemes, the Extended Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet (X-SAMPA) symbols, and the corresponding visemes for the Welsh voice supported by Amazon Polly.

Phoneme/Viseme Table

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Viseme

Consonants

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

baban

p

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

deg

t

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

garej

S

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

deuddeg

T

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

ffacs

f

g

g

voiced velar plosive

gadael

k

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

haearn

k

j

j

palatal approximant

astudio

i

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

cant

k

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lan

t

ɬ

K

voiceless alveolar lateral fricative

llan

t

m

m

bilabial nasal

mae

p

m_0

voiceless bilabial nasal

ymhen

p

n

n

alveolar nasal

naw

t

n_0

voiceless alveolar nasal

anhawster

t

ŋ

N

velar nasal

argyfwng

k

ŋ̊

N_0

voiceless velar nasal

anghenion

k

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pump

p

r

r

alveolar trill

rhoi

r

r_0

voiceless alveolar trill

garw

r

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

saith

s

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

siawns

S

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tegan

t

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

cytsain

S

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

aberth

T

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

prawf

f

w

w

labial-velar approximant

rhagweld

u

χ

X

voiceless uvular fricative

chwech

k

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

aids

s

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

rouge

S

Vowels

ə

@

mid central vowel

ychwanega

@

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

acen

a

ai

ai

diphthong

dau

a

au

au

diphthong

awdur

a

ɑː

A:

long open back unrounded vowel

mab

a

ɑːɨ

A:1

diphthong

aelod

a

e:

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

peth

e

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

pedwar

E

ɛi

Ei

diphthong

beic

E

i:

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

tri

i

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

miliwn

i

ɨu

1u

diphthong

unigryw

i

o:

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

oddi

o

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

oddieithr

O

ɔi

Oi

diphthong

troi

O

ɔu

Ou

diphthong

rownd

O

u:

u:

long close back rounded vowel

cwch

u

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

acwstig

u

ʊi

Ui

diphthong

wyth

u