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Amazon Polly
Developer Guide

Phonetic Tables Used by Amazon Polly

The following provides a phonetic pronunciation (the phonemes) for Amazon Polly SSML tags for American English.

IPA

X-SAMPA

Description

Example

Consonants

b

b

Voiced bilabial plosive

bed

d

d

Voiced alveolar plosive

dig

d͡ʒ

dZ

Voiced postalveolar affricate

jump

ð

D

Voiced dental fricative

then

f

f

Voiceless labiodental fricative

five

g

g

Voiced velar plosive

game

h

h

Voiceless glottal fricative

house

j

j

Palatal approximant

yes

k

k

Voiceless velar plosive

cat

l

l

Alveolar lateral approximant

lay

m

m

Bilabial nasal

mouse

n

n

Alveolar nasal

nap

ŋ

N

Velar nasal

thing

p

p

Voiceless bilabial plosive

speak

ɹ

r\

Alveolar approximant

red

s

s

Voiceless alveolar fricative

seem

ʃ

S

Voiceless postalveolar fricative

ship

t

t

Voiceless alveolar plosive

trap

t͡ʃ

tS

Voiceless postalveolar affricate

chart

Θ

T

Voiceless dental fricative

thin

v

v

Voiced labiodental fricative

vest

w

w

Labial-velar approximant

west

z

z

Voiced alveolar fricative

zero

ʒ

Z

Voiced postalveolar fricative

vision

Vowels

ə

@

Mid central vowel

arena

ɚ

@'

Mid central r-colored vowel

reader

æ

{

Near open-front unrounded vowel

trap

aI

Diphthong

price

aU

Diphthong

mouth

ɑ

A

Long open-back unrounded vowel

father

eI

Diphthong

face

ɝ

3'

Open mid-central unrounded r-colored vowel

nurse

ɛ

E

Open mid-front unrounded vowel

dress

i:

i

Long close front unrounded vowel

fleece

ɪ

I

Near-close near-front unrounded vowel

kit

oU

Diphthong

goat

ɔ

O

Long open mid-back rounded vowel

thought

ɔɪ

OI

Diphthong

choice

u

u

Long close-back rounded vowel

goose

ʊ

U

Near-close near-back rounded vowel

foot

ʌ

V

Open-mid-back unrounded vowel

strut

Other Symbols

'

"

primary stress

Alabama

,

%

secondary stress

Alabama

.

.

syllable boundary

A.la.ba.ma