Step 3: Create tables, indexes, and sample data - Amazon Quantum Ledger Database (Amazon QLDB)

Step 3: Create tables, indexes, and sample data

When your Amazon QLDB ledger is active and accepts connections, you can start creating tables for data about vehicles, their owners, and their registration information. After creating the tables and indexes, you can load them with data.

In this step, you create four tables in the vehicle-registration ledger:

  • VehicleRegistration

  • Vehicle

  • Person

  • DriversLicense

You also create the following indexes.

Table name Field
VehicleRegistration VIN
VehicleRegistration LicensePlateNumber
Vehicle VIN
Person GovId
DriversLicense LicenseNumber
DriversLicense PersonId

When inserting sample data, you first insert documents into the Person table. Then, you use the system-assigned id from each Person document to populate the corresponding fields in the appropriate VehicleRegistration and DriversLicense documents.

Tip

As a best practice, use a document's system-assigned id as a foreign key. While you can define fields that are intended to be unique identifiers (for example, a vehicle's VIN), the true unique identifier of a document is its id. This field is included in the document's metadata, which you can query in the committed view (the system-defined view of a table).

For more information about views in QLDB, see Core concepts. To learn more about metadata, see Querying document metadata.

To create tables and indexes
  1. Use the following program (create_table.py) to create the previously mentioned tables.

    3.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_driver logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def create_table(driver, table_name): """ Create a table with the specified name. :type driver: :py:class:`pyqldb.driver.qldb_driver.QldbDriver` :param driver: An instance of the QldbDriver class. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to create. :rtype: int :return: The number of changes to the database. """ logger.info("Creating the '{}' table...".format(table_name)) statement = 'CREATE TABLE {}'.format(table_name) cursor = driver.execute_lambda(lambda executor: executor.execute_statement(statement)) logger.info('{} table created successfully.'.format(table_name)) return len(list(cursor)) def main(ledger_name=Constants.LEDGER_NAME): """ Create registrations, vehicles, owners, and licenses tables. """ try: with create_qldb_driver(ledger_name) as driver: create_table(driver, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME) create_table(driver, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME) create_table(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME) create_table(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME) logger.info('Tables created successfully.') except Exception as e: logger.exception('Errors creating tables.') raise e if __name__ == '__main__': main()
    2.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_session logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def create_table(transaction_executor, table_name): """ Create a table with the specified name using an Executor object. :type transaction_executor: :py:class:`pyqldb.execution.executor.Executor` :param transaction_executor: An Executor object allowing for execution of statements within a transaction. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to create. :rtype: int :return: The number of changes to the database. """ logger.info("Creating the '{}' table...".format(table_name)) statement = 'CREATE TABLE {}'.format(table_name) cursor = transaction_executor.execute_statement(statement) logger.info('{} table created successfully.'.format(table_name)) return len(list(cursor)) if __name__ == '__main__': """ Create registrations, vehicles, owners, and licenses tables in a single transaction. """ try: with create_qldb_session() as session: session.execute_lambda(lambda x: create_table(x, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME) and create_table(x, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME) and create_table(x, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME) and create_table(x, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME), lambda retry_attempt: logger.info('Retrying due to OCC conflict...')) logger.info('Tables created successfully.') except Exception: logger.exception('Errors creating tables.')
    Note

    This program demonstrates how to use the execute_lambda function. In this example, you run multiple CREATE TABLE PartiQL statements with a single lambda expression.

    This execute function implicitly starts a transaction, runs all of the statements in the lambda, and then auto-commits the transaction.

  2. To run the program, enter the following command.

    python create_table.py
  3. Use the following program (create_index.py) to create indexes on the tables, as previously described.

    3.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_driver logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def create_index(driver, table_name, index_attribute): """ Create an index for a particular table. :type driver: :py:class:`pyqldb.driver.qldb_driver.QldbDriver` :param driver: An instance of the QldbDriver class. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to add indexes for. :type index_attribute: str :param index_attribute: Index to create on a single attribute. :rtype: int :return: The number of changes to the database. """ logger.info("Creating index on '{}'...".format(index_attribute)) statement = 'CREATE INDEX on {} ({})'.format(table_name, index_attribute) cursor = driver.execute_lambda(lambda executor: executor.execute_statement(statement)) return len(list(cursor)) def main(ledger_name=Constants.LEDGER_NAME): """ Create indexes on tables in a particular ledger. """ logger.info('Creating indexes on all tables...') try: with create_qldb_driver(ledger_name) as driver: create_index(driver, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME, Constants.GOV_ID_INDEX_NAME) create_index(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.VEHICLE_VIN_INDEX_NAME) create_index(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, Constants.LICENSE_PLATE_NUMBER_INDEX_NAME) create_index(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, Constants.VEHICLE_VIN_INDEX_NAME) create_index(driver, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.PERSON_ID_INDEX_NAME) create_index(driver, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.LICENSE_NUMBER_INDEX_NAME) logger.info('Indexes created successfully.') except Exception as e: logger.exception('Unable to create indexes.') raise e if __name__ == '__main__': main()
    2.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_session logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def create_index(transaction_executor, table_name, index_attribute): """ Create an index for a particular table. :type transaction_executor: :py:class:`pyqldb.execution.executor.Executor` :param transaction_executor: An Executor object allowing for execution of statements within a transaction. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to add indexes for. :type index_attribute: str :param index_attribute: Index to create on a single attribute. :rtype: int :return: The number of changes to the database. """ logger.info("Creating index on '{}'...".format(index_attribute)) statement = 'CREATE INDEX on {} ({})'.format(table_name, index_attribute) cursor = transaction_executor.execute_statement(statement) return len(list(cursor)) if __name__ == '__main__': """ Create indexes on tables in a particular ledger. """ logger.info('Creating indexes on all tables in a single transaction...') try: with create_qldb_session() as session: session.execute_lambda(lambda x: create_index(x, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME, Constants.GOV_ID_INDEX_NAME) and create_index(x, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.VEHICLE_VIN_INDEX_NAME) and create_index(x, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, Constants.LICENSE_PLATE_NUMBER_INDEX_NAME) and create_index(x, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, Constants.VEHICLE_VIN_INDEX_NAME) and create_index(x, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.PERSON_ID_INDEX_NAME) and create_index(x, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, Constants.LICENSE_NUMBER_INDEX_NAME), lambda retry_attempt: logger.info('Retrying due to OCC conflict...')) logger.info('Indexes created successfully.') except Exception: logger.exception('Unable to create indexes.')
  4. To run the program, enter the following command.

    python create_index.py
To load data into the tables
  1. Review the following file (sample_data.py), which represents the sample data that you insert into the vehicle-registration tables. This file also imports from the amazon.ion package to provide helper functions that convert, parse, and print Amazon Ion data.

    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. from datetime import datetime from decimal import Decimal from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from amazon.ion.simple_types import IonPyBool, IonPyBytes, IonPyDecimal, IonPyDict, IonPyFloat, IonPyInt, IonPyList, \ IonPyNull, IonPySymbol, IonPyText, IonPyTimestamp from amazon.ion.simpleion import dumps, loads logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) IonValue = (IonPyBool, IonPyBytes, IonPyDecimal, IonPyDict, IonPyFloat, IonPyInt, IonPyList, IonPyNull, IonPySymbol, IonPyText, IonPyTimestamp) class SampleData: """ Sample domain objects for use throughout this tutorial. """ DRIVERS_LICENSE = [ { 'PersonId': '', 'LicenseNumber': 'LEWISR261LL', 'LicenseType': 'Learner', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2016, 12, 20), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2020, 11, 15) }, { 'PersonId': '', 'LicenseNumber': 'LOGANB486CG', 'LicenseType': 'Probationary', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2016, 4, 6), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2020, 11, 15) }, { 'PersonId': '', 'LicenseNumber': '744 849 301', 'LicenseType': 'Full', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2017, 12, 6), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2022, 10, 15) }, { 'PersonId': '', 'LicenseNumber': 'P626-168-229-765', 'LicenseType': 'Learner', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2017, 8, 16), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2021, 11, 15) }, { 'PersonId': '', 'LicenseNumber': 'S152-780-97-415-0', 'LicenseType': 'Probationary', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2015, 8, 15), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2021, 8, 21) } ] PERSON = [ { 'FirstName': 'Raul', 'LastName': 'Lewis', 'Address': '1719 University Street, Seattle, WA, 98109', 'DOB': datetime(1963, 8, 19), 'GovId': 'LEWISR261LL', 'GovIdType': 'Driver License' }, { 'FirstName': 'Brent', 'LastName': 'Logan', 'DOB': datetime(1967, 7, 3), 'Address': '43 Stockert Hollow Road, Everett, WA, 98203', 'GovId': 'LOGANB486CG', 'GovIdType': 'Driver License' }, { 'FirstName': 'Alexis', 'LastName': 'Pena', 'DOB': datetime(1974, 2, 10), 'Address': '4058 Melrose Street, Spokane Valley, WA, 99206', 'GovId': '744 849 301', 'GovIdType': 'SSN' }, { 'FirstName': 'Melvin', 'LastName': 'Parker', 'DOB': datetime(1976, 5, 22), 'Address': '4362 Ryder Avenue, Seattle, WA, 98101', 'GovId': 'P626-168-229-765', 'GovIdType': 'Passport' }, { 'FirstName': 'Salvatore', 'LastName': 'Spencer', 'DOB': datetime(1997, 11, 15), 'Address': '4450 Honeysuckle Lane, Seattle, WA, 98101', 'GovId': 'S152-780-97-415-0', 'GovIdType': 'Passport' } ] VEHICLE = [ { 'VIN': '1N4AL11D75C109151', 'Type': 'Sedan', 'Year': 2011, 'Make': 'Audi', 'Model': 'A5', 'Color': 'Silver' }, { 'VIN': 'KM8SRDHF6EU074761', 'Type': 'Sedan', 'Year': 2015, 'Make': 'Tesla', 'Model': 'Model S', 'Color': 'Blue' }, { 'VIN': '3HGGK5G53FM761765', 'Type': 'Motorcycle', 'Year': 2011, 'Make': 'Ducati', 'Model': 'Monster 1200', 'Color': 'Yellow' }, { 'VIN': '1HVBBAANXWH544237', 'Type': 'Semi', 'Year': 2009, 'Make': 'Ford', 'Model': 'F 150', 'Color': 'Black' }, { 'VIN': '1C4RJFAG0FC625797', 'Type': 'Sedan', 'Year': 2019, 'Make': 'Mercedes', 'Model': 'CLK 350', 'Color': 'White' } ] VEHICLE_REGISTRATION = [ { 'VIN': '1N4AL11D75C109151', 'LicensePlateNumber': 'LEWISR261LL', 'State': 'WA', 'City': 'Seattle', 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2017, 8, 21), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2020, 5, 11), 'PendingPenaltyTicketAmount': Decimal('90.25'), 'Owners': { 'PrimaryOwner': {'PersonId': ''}, 'SecondaryOwners': [] } }, { 'VIN': 'KM8SRDHF6EU074761', 'LicensePlateNumber': 'CA762X', 'State': 'WA', 'City': 'Kent', 'PendingPenaltyTicketAmount': Decimal('130.75'), 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2017, 9, 14), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2020, 6, 25), 'Owners': { 'PrimaryOwner': {'PersonId': ''}, 'SecondaryOwners': [] } }, { 'VIN': '3HGGK5G53FM761765', 'LicensePlateNumber': 'CD820Z', 'State': 'WA', 'City': 'Everett', 'PendingPenaltyTicketAmount': Decimal('442.30'), 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2011, 3, 17), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2021, 3, 24), 'Owners': { 'PrimaryOwner': {'PersonId': ''}, 'SecondaryOwners': [] } }, { 'VIN': '1HVBBAANXWH544237', 'LicensePlateNumber': 'LS477D', 'State': 'WA', 'City': 'Tacoma', 'PendingPenaltyTicketAmount': Decimal('42.20'), 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2011, 10, 26), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2023, 9, 25), 'Owners': { 'PrimaryOwner': {'PersonId': ''}, 'SecondaryOwners': [] } }, { 'VIN': '1C4RJFAG0FC625797', 'LicensePlateNumber': 'TH393F', 'State': 'WA', 'City': 'Olympia', 'PendingPenaltyTicketAmount': Decimal('30.45'), 'ValidFromDate': datetime(2013, 9, 2), 'ValidToDate': datetime(2024, 3, 19), 'Owners': { 'PrimaryOwner': {'PersonId': ''}, 'SecondaryOwners': [] } } ] def convert_object_to_ion(py_object): """ Convert a Python object into an Ion object. :type py_object: object :param py_object: The object to convert. :rtype: :py:class:`amazon.ion.simple_types.IonPyValue` :return: The converted Ion object. """ ion_object = loads(dumps(py_object)) return ion_object def to_ion_struct(key, value): """ Convert the given key and value into an Ion struct. :type key: str :param key: The key which serves as an unique identifier. :type value: str :param value: The value associated with a given key. :rtype: :py:class:`amazon.ion.simple_types.IonPyDict` :return: The Ion dictionary object. """ ion_struct = dict() ion_struct[key] = value return loads(str(ion_struct)) def get_document_ids(transaction_executor, table_name, field, value): """ Gets the document IDs from the given table. :type transaction_executor: :py:class:`pyqldb.execution.executor.Executor` :param transaction_executor: An Executor object allowing for execution of statements within a transaction. :type table_name: str :param table_name: The table name to query. :type field: str :param field: A field to query. :type value: str :param value: The key of the given field. :rtype: list :return: A list of document IDs. """ query = "SELECT id FROM {} AS t BY id WHERE t.{} = ?".format(table_name, field) cursor = transaction_executor.execute_statement(query, convert_object_to_ion(value)) return list(map(lambda table: table.get('id'), cursor)) def get_document_ids_from_dml_results(result): """ Return a list of modified document IDs as strings from DML results. :type result: :py:class:`pyqldb.cursor.buffered_cursor.BufferedCursor` :param: result: The result set from DML operation. :rtype: list :return: List of document IDs. """ ret_val = list(map(lambda x: x.get('documentId'), result)) return ret_val def print_result(cursor): """ Pretty print the result set. Returns the number of documents in the result set. :type cursor: :py:class:`pyqldb.cursor.stream_cursor.StreamCursor`/ :py:class:`pyqldb.cursor.buffered_cursor.BufferedCursor` :param cursor: An instance of the StreamCursor or BufferedCursor class. :rtype: int :return: Number of documents in the result set. """ result_counter = 0 for row in cursor: # Each row would be in Ion format. print_ion(row) result_counter += 1 return result_counter def print_ion(ion_value): """ Pretty print an Ion Value. :type ion_value: :py:class:`amazon.ion.simple_types.IonPySymbol` :param ion_value: Any Ion Value to be pretty printed. """ logger.info(dumps(ion_value, binary=False, indent=' ', omit_version_marker=True))
    Note

    The get_document_ids function runs a query that returns system-assigned document IDs from a table. To learn more, see Using the BY clause to query document ID.

  2. Use the following program (insert_document.py) to insert the sample data into your tables.

    3.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.model.sample_data import convert_object_to_ion, SampleData, get_document_ids_from_dml_results from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_driver logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def update_person_id(document_ids): """ Update the PersonId value for DriversLicense records and the PrimaryOwner value for VehicleRegistration records. :type document_ids: list :param document_ids: List of document IDs. :rtype: list :return: Lists of updated DriversLicense records and updated VehicleRegistration records. """ new_drivers_licenses = SampleData.DRIVERS_LICENSE.copy() new_vehicle_registrations = SampleData.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION.copy() for i in range(len(SampleData.PERSON)): drivers_license = new_drivers_licenses[i] registration = new_vehicle_registrations[i] drivers_license.update({'PersonId': str(document_ids[i])}) registration['Owners']['PrimaryOwner'].update({'PersonId': str(document_ids[i])}) return new_drivers_licenses, new_vehicle_registrations def insert_documents(driver, table_name, documents): """ Insert the given list of documents into a table in a single transaction. :type driver: :py:class:`pyqldb.driver.qldb_driver.QldbDriver` :param driver: An instance of the QldbDriver class. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to insert documents into. :type documents: list :param documents: List of documents to insert. :rtype: list :return: List of documents IDs for the newly inserted documents. """ logger.info('Inserting some documents in the {} table...'.format(table_name)) statement = 'INSERT INTO {} ?'.format(table_name) cursor = driver.execute_lambda(lambda executor: executor.execute_statement(statement, convert_object_to_ion(documents))) list_of_document_ids = get_document_ids_from_dml_results(cursor) return list_of_document_ids def update_and_insert_documents(driver): """ Handle the insertion of documents and updating PersonIds. :type driver: :py:class:`pyqldb.driver.qldb_driver.QldbDriver` :param driver: An instance of the QldbDriver class. """ list_ids = insert_documents(driver, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME, SampleData.PERSON) logger.info("Updating PersonIds for 'DriversLicense' and PrimaryOwner for 'VehicleRegistration'...") new_licenses, new_registrations = update_person_id(list_ids) insert_documents(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME, SampleData.VEHICLE) insert_documents(driver, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, new_registrations) insert_documents(driver, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, new_licenses) def main(ledger_name=Constants.LEDGER_NAME): """ Insert documents into a table in a QLDB ledger. """ try: with create_qldb_driver(ledger_name) as driver: # An INSERT statement creates the initial revision of a document with a version number of zero. # QLDB also assigns a unique document identifier in GUID format as part of the metadata. update_and_insert_documents(driver) logger.info('Documents inserted successfully!') except Exception as e: logger.exception('Error inserting or updating documents.') raise e if __name__ == '__main__': main()
    2.x
    # Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. # SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT-0 # # Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this # software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software # without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, # merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to # permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. # # THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, # INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A # PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT # HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION # OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE # SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. # # This code expects that you have AWS credentials setup per: # https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/quickstart.html from logging import basicConfig, getLogger, INFO from pyqldbsamples.constants import Constants from pyqldbsamples.model.sample_data import convert_object_to_ion, SampleData, get_document_ids_from_dml_results from pyqldbsamples.connect_to_ledger import create_qldb_session logger = getLogger(__name__) basicConfig(level=INFO) def update_person_id(document_ids): """ Update the PersonId value for DriversLicense records and the PrimaryOwner value for VehicleRegistration records. :type document_ids: list :param document_ids: List of document IDs. :rtype: list :return: Lists of updated DriversLicense records and updated VehicleRegistration records. """ new_drivers_licenses = SampleData.DRIVERS_LICENSE.copy() new_vehicle_registrations = SampleData.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION.copy() for i in range(len(SampleData.PERSON)): drivers_license = new_drivers_licenses[i] registration = new_vehicle_registrations[i] drivers_license.update({'PersonId': str(document_ids[i])}) registration['Owners']['PrimaryOwner'].update({'PersonId': str(document_ids[i])}) return new_drivers_licenses, new_vehicle_registrations def insert_documents(transaction_executor, table_name, documents): """ Insert the given list of documents into a table in a single transaction. :type transaction_executor: :py:class:`pyqldb.execution.executor.Executor` :param transaction_executor: An Executor object allowing for execution of statements within a transaction. :type table_name: str :param table_name: Name of the table to insert documents into. :type documents: list :param documents: List of documents to insert. :rtype: list :return: List of documents IDs for the newly inserted documents. """ logger.info('Inserting some documents in the {} table...'.format(table_name)) statement = 'INSERT INTO {} ?'.format(table_name) cursor = transaction_executor.execute_statement(statement, convert_object_to_ion(documents)) list_of_document_ids = get_document_ids_from_dml_results(cursor) return list_of_document_ids def update_and_insert_documents(transaction_executor): """ Handle the insertion of documents and updating PersonIds all in a single transaction. :type transaction_executor: :py:class:`pyqldb.execution.executor.Executor` :param transaction_executor: An Executor object allowing for execution of statements within a transaction. """ list_ids = insert_documents(transaction_executor, Constants.PERSON_TABLE_NAME, SampleData.PERSON) logger.info("Updating PersonIds for 'DriversLicense' and PrimaryOwner for 'VehicleRegistration'...") new_licenses, new_registrations = update_person_id(list_ids) insert_documents(transaction_executor, Constants.VEHICLE_TABLE_NAME, SampleData.VEHICLE) insert_documents(transaction_executor, Constants.VEHICLE_REGISTRATION_TABLE_NAME, new_registrations) insert_documents(transaction_executor, Constants.DRIVERS_LICENSE_TABLE_NAME, new_licenses) if __name__ == '__main__': """ Insert documents into a table in a QLDB ledger. """ try: with create_qldb_session() as session: # An INSERT statement creates the initial revision of a document with a version number of zero. # QLDB also assigns a unique document identifier in GUID format as part of the metadata. session.execute_lambda(lambda executor: update_and_insert_documents(executor), lambda retry_attempt: logger.info('Retrying due to OCC conflict...')) logger.info('Documents inserted successfully!') except Exception: logger.exception('Error inserting or updating documents.')
    Note
    • This program demonstrates how to call the execute_statement function with parameterized values. You can pass data parameters in addition to the PartiQL statement that you want to run. Use a question mark (?) as a variable placeholder in your statement string.

    • If an INSERT statement succeeds, it returns the id of each inserted document.

  3. To run the program, enter the following command.

    python insert_document.py

Next, you can use SELECT statements to read data from the tables in the vehicle-registration ledger. Proceed to Step 4: Query the tables in a ledger.