Creating a secret and an IAM role to use federated queries - Amazon Redshift

Creating a secret and an IAM role to use federated queries

The following steps show how to create a secret and an IAM role to use with federated queries.

Prerequisites

Make sure that you have the following prerequisites to create a secret and an IAM role to use with federated queries:

  • An RDS PostgreSQL, Aurora PostgreSQL DB instance, RDS MySQL, or Aurora MySQL DB instance with user name and password authentication.

  • An Amazon Redshift cluster with a cluster maintenance version that supports federated queries.

To create a secret (user name and password) with AWS Secrets Manager

  1. Sign in to the Secrets Manager console with the account that owns your RDS or Aurora instance.

  2. Choose Store a new secret.

  3. Choose the Credentials for RDS database tile. For User name and Password, enter values for your instance. Confirm or choose a value for Encryption key. Then choose the RDS database that your secret will access.

    Note

    We recommend using the default encryption key (DefaultEncryptionKey). If you use a custom encryption key, the IAM role that is used to access the secret must be added as a key user.

  4. Enter a name for the secret, continue with the creation steps with the default choices, and then choose Store.

  5. View your secret and note the Secret ARN value that you created to identify the secret.

To create a security policy using the secret

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the IAM console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/iam/.

  2. Create a policy with JSON similar to the following.

    { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Sid": "AccessSecret", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "secretsmanager:GetResourcePolicy", "secretsmanager:GetSecretValue", "secretsmanager:DescribeSecret", "secretsmanager:ListSecretVersionIds" ], "Resource": "arn:aws:secretsmanager:us-west-2:123456789012:secret:my-rds-secret-VNenFy" }, { "Sid": "VisualEditor1", "Effect": "Allow", "Action": [ "secretsmanager:GetRandomPassword", "secretsmanager:ListSecrets" ], "Resource": "*" } ] }

    To retrieve the secret, you need list and read actions. We recommend that you restrict the resource to the specific secret that you created. To do this, use the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the secret to limit the resource. You can also specify the permissions and resources using the visual editor on the IAM console.

  3. Give the policy a name and finish creating it.

  4. Navigate to IAM roles.

  5. Create an IAM role for Redshift - Customizable.

  6. Either attach the IAM policy you just created to an existing IAM role, or create a new IAM role and attach the policy.

  7. On the Trust relationships tab of your IAM role, confirm that the role contains the trust entity redshift.amazonaws.com.

  8. Note the Role ARN you created. This ARN has access to the secret.

To attach the IAM role to your Amazon Redshift cluster

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Amazon Redshift console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/redshift/.

  2. On the navigation menu, choose CLUSTERS. The clusters for your account in the current AWS Region are listed.

  3. Choose the cluster name in the list to view more details about a cluster.

  4. For Actions, choose Manage IAM roles. The Manage IAM roles page appears.

  5. Add your IAM role to the cluster.