Merge examples - Amazon Redshift

Merge examples

The following examples perform a merge to update the SALES table. The first example uses the simpler method of deleting from the target table and then inserting all of the rows from the staging table. The second example requires updating on select columns in the target table, so it includes an extra update step.

The Merge examples use a sample dataset for Amazon Redshift, called the TICKIT data set. As a prerequisite, you can set up the TICKIT tables and data by following the instructions available in the guide Getting started with common database tasks. More detailed information about the sample data set is found at Sample database.

Sample merge data source

The examples in this section need a sample data source that includes both updates and inserts. For the examples, we will create a sample table named SALES_UPDATE that uses data from the SALES table. We'll populate the new table with random data that represents new sales activity for December. We will use the SALES_UPDATE sample table to create the staging table in the examples that follow.

-- Create a sample table as a copy of the SALES table. create table tickit.sales_update as select * from tickit.sales; -- Change every fifth row to have updates. update tickit.sales_update set qtysold = qtysold*2, pricepaid = pricepaid*0.8, commission = commission*1.1 where saletime > '2008-11-30' and mod(sellerid, 5) = 0; -- Add some new rows to have inserts. -- This example creates a duplicate of every fourth row. insert into tickit.sales_update select (salesid + 172456) as salesid, listid, sellerid, buyerid, eventid, dateid, qtysold, pricepaid, commission, getdate() as saletime from tickit.sales_update where saletime > '2008-11-30' and mod(sellerid, 4) = 0;

Example of a merge that replaces existing rows based on matching keys

The following script uses the SALES_UPDATE table to perform a merge operation on the SALES table with new data for December sales activity. This example replaces rows in the SALES table that have updates. For this example, we will update the qtysold and pricepaid columns, but leave commission and saletime unchanged.

MERGE into tickit.sales USING tickit.sales_update sales_update on ( sales.salesid = sales_update.salesid and sales.listid = sales_update.listid and sales_update.saletime > '2008-11-30' and (sales.qtysold != sales_update.qtysold or sales.pricepaid != sales_update.pricepaid)) WHEN MATCHED THEN update SET qtysold = sales_update.qtysold, pricepaid = sales_update.pricepaid WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (salesid, listid, sellerid, buyerid, eventid, dateid, qtysold , pricepaid, commission, saletime) values (sales_update.salesid, sales_update.listid, sales_update.sellerid, sales_update.buyerid, sales_update.eventid, sales_update.dateid, sales_update.qtysold , sales_update.pricepaid, sales_update.commission, sales_update.saletime); -- Drop the staging table. drop table tickit.sales_update; -- Test to see that commission and salestime were not impacted. SELECT sales.salesid, sales.commission, sales.salestime, sales_update.commission, sales_update.salestime FROM tickit.sales INNER JOIN tickit.sales_update sales_update ON sales.salesid = sales_update.salesid AND sales.listid = sales_update.listid AND sales_update.saletime > '2008-11-30' AND (sales.commission != sales_update.commission OR sales.salestime != sales_update.salestime);

Example of a merge that specifies a column list without using MERGE

The following example performs a merge operation to update SALES with new data for December sales activity. We need sample data that includes both updates and inserts, along with rows that have not changed. For this example, we want to update the QTYSOLD and PRICEPAID columns but leave COMMISSION and SALETIME unchanged. The following script uses the SALES_UPDATE table to perform a merge operation on the SALES table.

-- Create a staging table and populate it with rows from SALES_UPDATE for Dec create temp table stagesales as select * from sales_update where saletime > '2008-11-30'; -- Start a new transaction begin transaction; -- Update the target table using an inner join with the staging table -- The join includes a redundant predicate to collocate on the distribution key –- A filter on saletime enables a range-restricted scan on SALES update sales set qtysold = stagesales.qtysold, pricepaid = stagesales.pricepaid from stagesales where sales.salesid = stagesales.salesid and sales.listid = stagesales.listid and stagesales.saletime > '2008-11-30' and (sales.qtysold != stagesales.qtysold or sales.pricepaid != stagesales.pricepaid); -- Delete matching rows from the staging table -- using an inner join with the target table delete from stagesales using sales where sales.salesid = stagesales.salesid and sales.listid = stagesales.listid; -- Insert the remaining rows from the staging table into the target table insert into sales select * from stagesales; -- End transaction and commit end transaction; -- Drop the staging table drop table stagesales;