COLLATE function - Amazon Redshift

COLLATE function

The COLLATE function overrides the collation of a string column or expression.

For information on how to create tables using database collation, see CREATE TABLE.

For information on how to create databases using database collation, see CREATE DATABASE.


COLLATE(string, 'case_sensitive' | 'case_insensitive');



The COLLATE function takes two input arguments. The first input is a string column or expression that you want to override. The second input is a string constant of a collation name. Amazon Redshift only supports case_sensitive or case_insensitive.

Return type

The COLLATE function returns VARCHAR or CHAR depending on the first input expression type. This function only changes the collation of the first input argument and won't change its output value.


The following example defines col1 in table T1 as case_sensitive. When you run the first query, Amazon Redshift only returns one row ‘john’. After collate function runs on col1, the collation becomes case_insensitive. The second query returns both ‘john’ and ‘JOHN’.

CREATE TABLE T ( col1 Varchar(20) COLLATE case_sensitive );
SELECT * FROM T WHERE col1 = 'john'; col1 ------ john (1 rows)
SELECT * FROM T WHERE collate(col1, 'case_insensitive') = 'john'; col1 ------ john JOHN (2 rows)