DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT strings - Amazon Redshift

DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT strings

The COPY command uses the DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT options to parse date and time values in your source data. DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT are formatted strings that must match the format of your source data's date and time values. For example, a COPY command loading source data with the date value Jan-01-1999 must include the following DATEFORMAT string:

COPY ... DATETIME AS 'MON-DD-YYYY'

For more information on managing COPY data conversions, see Data conversion parameters.

DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT strings can contain datetime separators (such as '-', '/', or ':'), as well the datepart and timepart formats in the following table.

Note

If you can't match the format of your date or time values with the following dateparts and timeparts, or if you have date and time values that use formats different from each other, use the 'auto' argument with the DATEFORMAT or TIMEFORMAT parameter. The 'auto' argument recognizes several formats that aren't supported when using a DATEFORMAT or TIMEFORMAT string. For more information, see Using automatic recognition with DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT.

Datepart or timepart Meaning
YY Year without century
YYYY Year with century
MM Month as a number
MON Month as a name (abbreviated name or full name)
DD Day of month as a number
HH or HH24 Hour (24-hour clock)
Note

In DATETIME format strings for SQL functions, HH is the same as HH12. However, in DATEFORMAT and TIMEFORMAT strings for COPY, HH is the same as HH24.

HH12 Hour (12-hour clock)
MI Minutes
SS Seconds
AM or PM Meridian indicator (for 12-hour clock)

The default date format is YYYY-MM-DD. The default timestamp without time zone (TIMESTAMP) format is YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS. The default timestamp with time zone (TIMESTAMPTZ) format is YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SSOF, where OF is the offset from UTC (for example, -8:00. You can't include a time zone specifier (TZ, tz, or OF) in the timeformat_string. The seconds (SS) field also supports fractional seconds up to a microsecond level of detail. To load TIMESTAMPTZ data that is in a format different from the default format, specify 'auto'.

Following are some sample dates or times you can encounter in your source data, and the corresponding DATEFORMAT or TIMEFORMAT strings for them.

Example of source data date or time DATEFORMAT or TIMEFORMAT Syntax
03/31/2003 DATEFORMAT AS 'MM/DD/YYYY'
March 31, 2003 DATEFORMAT AS 'MON DD, YYYY'
03.31.2003 18:45:05

03.31.2003 18:45:05.123456

TIMEFORMAT AS 'MM.DD.YYYY HH:MI:SS'