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Amazon Redshift
Database Developer Guide (API Version 2012-12-01)

Step 1: Create an External Table That Contains Nested Data

To create the external table for this tutorial, run the following command.

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE spectrum.customers ( id int, name struct<given:varchar(20), family:varchar(20)>, phones array<varchar(20)>, orders array<struct<shipdate:timestamp, price:double precision>> ) STORED AS PARQUET LOCATION 's3://awssampledbuswest2/nested_example/customers/';

In the example preceding, the external table spectrum.customers uses the struct and array data types to define columns with nested data. Amazon Redshift Spectrum supports querying nested data in Parquet, ORC, JSON, and Ion file formats. The LOCATION parameter has to refer to the Amazon S3 folder that contains the nested data or files.

Note

Amazon Redshift doesn't support complex data types in an Amazon Redshift database table. You can use complex data types only with Redshift Spectrum external tables.

You can nest array and struct types at any level. For example, you can define a column named toparray as shown in the following example.

toparray array<struct<nestedarray: array<struct<morenestedarray: array<string>>>>>

You can also nest struct types as shown for column x in the following example.

x struct<a: string, b: struct<c: integer, d: struct<e: string> > >