Using universal targets - EventBridge Scheduler

Using universal targets

A universal target is a customizable set of parameters that allow you to invoke a wider set of API operation for many AWS services. For example, you can use a universal target parameter (UTP) to create a new Amazon SQS queue using the CreateQueue operation.

To configure a universal target for your schedule using the AWS CLI, or one of the EventBridge Scheduler SDKs, you need to specify the following information:

  • RoleArn – The ARN for the execution role you want to use for the target. The execution role you specify must have the permissions to call the API operation you want your schedule to target.

  • Arn – The complete service ARN, including the API operation you want to target, in the following format: arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:service:apiAction.

    For example, for Amazon SQS, the service name you specify is arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:sqs:sendMessage.

  • Input – A well-formed JSON you specify with the request parameters that EventBridge Scheduler sends to the target API. The parameters and shape of the JSON you set in Input are determined by the service API your schedule invokes. To find this information, see the API reference for the service you want to target.

Unsupported actions

EventBridge Scheduler does not support read-only API actions, such as common GET operations, that begin with the following list of prefixes:

get describe list poll receive search scan query select read lookup discover validate batchGet batchDescribe batchRead transactGet adminGet adminList testMigration retrieve testConnection translateDocument isAuthorized isAuthorizedWithToken invokeModel

For example, the service ARN for the GetQueueUrl API action would be the following: arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:sqs:getQueueURL. Since the API action starts with the get prefix, EventBridge Scheduler does not support this target. Similairly, the Amazon MQ action ListBrokers is not supported as a target because the operation beings with the prefix list.

Examples using the universal target

The parameters you pass in the schedule Input field depend on the request parameterts that the service API you want to invoke accepts. For example, to target Lambda Invoke, you can set the the parameters listed in AWS Lambda API Reference. This includes the optional JSON payload that you can pass to a Lambda function.

To determine the parameters you can set for different APIs, see the API reference for that service. Similar to Lambda Invoke, some APIs accept URI parameters, as well as a request body payload. In such cases, you specify the URI path parameters as well as the JSON payload in your schedule Input.

The following examples show how you to use the universal target to invoke common API operations with Lambda, Amazon SQS, and Step Functions.

Example Lambda
$ aws scheduler create-schedule --name lambda-universal-schedule --schedule-expression 'rate(5 minutes)' \ --target '{"RoleArn": "ROLE_ARN", "Arn":"arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:lambda:invoke" "Input": "{\"FunctionName\":\"arn:aws:lambda:REGION:123456789012:function:HelloWorld\",\"InvocationType\":\"Event\",\"Payload\":\"{\\\"message\\\":\\\"testing function\\\"}\"}" }' \ --flexible-time-window '{ "Mode": "OFF"}'
Example Amazon SQS
import boto3 scheduler = boto3.client('scheduler') flex_window = { "Mode": "OFF" } sqs_universal= { "RoleArn": "<ROLE_ARN>", "Arn": "arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:sqs:sendMessage", "Input": "{\"MessageBody\":\"My message\",\"QueueUrl\":\"<QUEUE_URL>\"}"} } scheduler.create_schedule( Name="sqs-sdk-test", ScheduleExpression="rate(5 minutes)", Target=sqs_universal, FlexibleTimeWindow=flex_window)
Example Step Functions
package com.example; import; import; import*; public class MySchedulerApp { public static void main(String[] args) { final SchedulerClient client = SchedulerClient.builder() .region(Region.US_WEST_2) .build(); Target stepFunctionsUniversalTarget = Target.builder() .roleArn("<ROLE_ARN>") .arn("arn:aws:scheduler:::aws-sdk:sfn:startExecution") .input("{\"Input\":\"{}\",\"StateMachineArn\":\"<STATE_MACHINE_ARN>\"}") .build(); CreateScheduleRequest createScheduleRequest = CreateScheduleRequest.builder() .name("<SCHEDULE_NAME>") .scheduleExpression("rate(10 minutes)") .target(stepFunctionsUniversalTarget) .flexibleTimeWindow(FlexibleTimeWindow.builder() .mode(FlexibleTimeWindowMode.OFF) .build()) .clientToken("<Token GUID>") .build(); client.createSchedule(createScheduleRequest); System.out.println("Created schedule with rate expression and Step Function universal target"); } }