AWS SDK for JavaScript
Developer Guide for SDK v2

Create a Lambda Execution Role in IAM

This topic is part of a larger tutorial about using the AWS SDK for JavaScript with AWS Lambda functions. To start at the beginning of the tutorial, see Tutorial: Creating and Using Lambda Functions.

In this task, you will focus on creating IAM role used by the application to execute the Lambda function.


      Create an IAM execution role for Lambda

A Lambda function requires an execution role created in IAM that provides the function with the necessary permissions to run. For more information about the Lambda execution role, see Manage Permissions: Using an IAM Role (Execution Role) in the AWS Lambda Developer Guide.

To create the Lambda execution role in IAM

  1. Open the slotassets.zip archive file that you downloaded from the code example archive on GitHub.

  2. Copy the lambda-role-setup.js script from the archive to the folder that contains your credentials JSON file.

  3. Open lambda-role-setup.js in a text editor.

  4. Find this line of code.

    RoleName: "ROLE"

    Replace ROLE with another name.

  5. Save your changes to lambda-role-setup.js, and then close the file.

  6. At the command line, type the following.

    node lambda-role-setup.js

  7. Make a note of the ARN returned by the script. You need this value to create the Lambda function.

Setup Script Code

The following code is the setup script that creates the Lambda execution role. The setup script creates the JSON that defines the trust relationship needed for a Lambda execution role. It also creates the JSON parameters for attaching the AWSLambdaRole managed policy. Then it assigns the string version of the JSON to the parameters for the createRole method of the IAM service object.

The createRole method automatically URL-encodes the JSON to create the execution role. When the new role is successfully created, the script displays its ARN. Then the script calls the attachRolePolicy method of the IAM service object to attach the managed policy. When the policy is successfully attached, the script displays a confirmation message.

// Load the AWS SDK for Node.js var AWS = require('aws-sdk'); // Load credentials and set region from JSON file AWS.config.loadFromPath('./config.json'); // Create the IAM service object var iam = new AWS.IAM({apiVersion: '2010-05-08'}); var myPolicy = { "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [ { "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" }, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" } ] }; var createParams = { AssumeRolePolicyDocument: JSON.stringify(myPolicy), RoleName: "ROLE" }; var policyParams = { PolicyArn: "arn:aws:iam::policy/service-role/AWSLambdaRole", RoleName: "ROLE" }; iam.createRole(createParams, function(err, data) { if (err) { console.log(err, err.stack); // an error occurred } else { console.log("Role ARN is", data.Role.Arn); // successful response iam.attachRolePolicy(policyParams , function(err, data) { if (err) { console.log(err, err.stack); } else { console.log("AWSLambdaRole Policy attached"); } }); } });

This script uses code from these AWS SDK for JavaScript code example topics:

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