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Gets data records from a Kinesis data stream's shard.
Specify a shard iterator using the
ShardIterator parameter. The shard
iterator specifies the position in the shard from which you want to start reading
data records sequentially. If there are no records available in the portion of the
shard that the iterator points to, GetRecords returns an empty list. It might
take multiple calls to get to a portion of the shard that contains records.
You can scale by provisioning multiple shards per stream while considering service
limits (for more information, see Amazon
Kinesis Data Streams Limits in the Amazon Kinesis Data Streams Developer Guide).
Your application should have one thread per shard, each reading continuously from
its stream. To read from a stream continually, call GetRecords in a loop. Use
GetShardIterator to get the shard iterator to specify in the first GetRecords
call. GetRecords returns a new shard iterator in
Specify the shard iterator returned in
NextShardIterator in subsequent
calls to GetRecords. If the shard has been closed, the shard iterator can't
return more data and GetRecords returns
You can terminate the loop when the shard is closed, or when the shard iterator reaches
the record with the sequence number or other attribute that marks it as the last record
Each data record can be up to 1 MiB in size, and each shard can read up to 2 MiB per
second. You can ensure that your calls don't exceed the maximum supported size or
throughput by using the
Limit parameter to specify the maximum number
of records that GetRecords can return. Consider your average record size when
determining this limit. The maximum number of records that can be returned per call
The size of the data returned by GetRecords varies depending on the utilization
of the shard. The maximum size of data that GetRecords can return is 10 MiB.
If a call returns this amount of data, subsequent calls made within the next 5 seconds
ProvisionedThroughputExceededException. If there is insufficient
provisioned throughput on the stream, subsequent calls made within the next 1 second
ProvisionedThroughputExceededException. GetRecords doesn't
return any data when it throws an exception. For this reason, we recommend that you
wait 1 second between calls to GetRecords. However, it's possible that the
application will get exceptions for longer than 1 second.
To detect whether the application is falling behind in processing, you can use the
MillisBehindLatest response attribute. You can also monitor the stream
using CloudWatch metrics and other mechanisms (see Monitoring
in the Amazon Kinesis Data Streams Developer Guide).
Each Amazon Kinesis record includes a value,
that is set when a stream successfully receives and stores a record. This is commonly
referred to as a server-side time stamp, whereas a client-side time stamp is set when
a data producer creates or sends the record to a stream (a data producer is any data
source putting data records into a stream, for example with PutRecords). The
time stamp has millisecond precision. There are no guarantees about the time stamp
accuracy, or that the time stamp is always increasing. For example, records in a shard
or across a stream might have time stamps that are out of order.
This operation has a limit of five transactions per second per account.
For .NET Core, PCL and Unity this operation is only available in asynchronous form. Please refer to GetRecordsAsync.
public abstract GetRecordsResponse GetRecords( GetRecordsRequest request )
Container for the necessary parameters to execute the GetRecords service method.
|ExpiredIteratorException||The provided iterator exceeds the maximum age allowed.|
|InvalidArgumentException||A specified parameter exceeds its restrictions, is not supported, or can't be used. For more information, see the returned message.|
|KMSAccessDeniedException||The ciphertext references a key that doesn't exist or that you don't have access to.|
|KMSDisabledException||The request was rejected because the specified customer master key (CMK) isn't enabled.|
|KMSInvalidStateException||The request was rejected because the state of the specified resource isn't valid for this request. For more information, see How Key State Affects Use of a Customer Master Key in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.|
|KMSNotFoundException||The request was rejected because the specified entity or resource can't be found.|
|KMSOptInRequiredException||The AWS access key ID needs a subscription for the service.|
|KMSThrottlingException||The request was denied due to request throttling. For more information about throttling, see Limits in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.|
|ProvisionedThroughputExceededException||The request rate for the stream is too high, or the requested data is too large for the available throughput. Reduce the frequency or size of your requests. For more information, see Streams Limits in the Amazon Kinesis Data Streams Developer Guide, and Error Retries and Exponential Backoff in AWS in the AWS General Reference.|
|ResourceNotFoundException||The requested resource could not be found. The stream might not be specified correctly.|
Supported in: 4.5, 4.0, 3.5
Portable Class Library:
Supported in: Windows Store Apps
Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1
Supported in: Xamarin Android
Supported in: Xamarin iOS (Unified)
Supported in: Xamarin.Forms
Supported Versions: 4.6 and above
Supported Platforms: Android, iOS, Standalone