Represents an attribute for describing the key schema for the table and indexes.
Represents the data for an attribute. You can set one, and only one, of the elements.
For the UpdateItem operation, represents the attributes to be modified, the action to perform on each, and the new value for each.
NOTE: You cannot use UpdateItem to update any primary key attributes. Instead, you will need to delete the item, and then use PutItem to create a new item with new attributes.
Attribute values cannot be null; string and binary type attributes must have lengths greater than zero; and set type attributes must not be empty. Requests with empty values will be rejected with a ValidationException .
Container for the parameters to the BatchGetItem operation.
The BatchGetItem operation returns the attributes of one or more items from one or more tables. You identify requested items by primary key.
A single operation can retrieve up to 1 MB of data, which can contain as many as 100 items. BatchGetItem will return a partial result if the response size limit is exceeded, the table's provisioned throughput is exceeded, or an internal processing failure occurs. If a partial result is returned, the operation returns a value for UnprocessedKeys . You can use this value to retry the operation starting with the next item to get.
For example, if you ask to retrieve 100 items, but each individual item is 50 KB in size, the system returns 20 items (1 MB) and an appropriate UnprocessedKeys value so you can get the next page of results. If desired, your application can include its own logic to assemble the pages of results into one dataset.
If none of the items can be processed due to insufficient provisioned throughput on all of the tables in the request, then BatchGetItem will throw a ProvisionedThroughputExceededException . If at least one of the items is successfully processed, then BatchGetItem completes successfully, while returning the keys of the unread items in UnprocessedKeys .
By default, BatchGetItem performs eventually consistent reads on every table in the request. If you want strongly consistent reads instead, you can set ConsistentRead to true for any or all tables.
In order to minimize response latency, BatchGetItem retrieves items in parallel.
When designing your application, keep in mind that DynamoDB does not return attributes in any particular order. To help parse the response by item, include the primary key values for the items in your request in the AttributesToGet parameter.
If a requested item does not exist, it is not returned in the result. Requests for nonexistent items consume the minimum read capacity units according to the type of read. For more information, see Capacity Units Calculations in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
Returns information about the BatchGetItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a BatchGetItem operation.
Container for the parameters to the BatchWriteItem operation.
The BatchWriteItem operation puts or deletes multiple items in one or more tables. A single call to BatchWriteItem can write up to 1 MB of data, which can comprise as many as 25 put or delete requests. Individual items to be written can be as large as 64 KB.
NOTE: BatchWriteItem cannot update items. To update items, use the UpdateItem API.
The individual PutItem and DeleteItem operations specified in BatchWriteItem are atomic; however BatchWriteItem as a whole is not. If any requested operations fail because the table's provisioned throughput is exceeded or an internal processing failure occurs, the failed operations are returned in the UnprocessedItems response parameter. You can investigate and optionally resend the requests. Typically, you would call BatchWriteItem in a loop. Each iteration would check for unprocessed items and submit a new BatchWriteItem request with those unprocessed items until all items have been processed.
Note that if none of the items can be processed due to insufficient provisioned throughput on all of the tables in the request, then BatchGetItem will throw a ProvisionedThroughputExceededException .
To write one item, you can use the PutItem operation; to delete one item, you can use the DeleteItem operation.
With BatchWriteItem , you can efficiently write or delete large amounts of data, such as from Amazon Elastic MapReduce (EMR), or copy data from another database into DynamoDB. In order to improve performance with these large-scale operations, BatchWriteItem does not behave in the same way as individual PutItem and DeleteItem calls would For example, you cannot specify conditions on individual put and delete requests, and BatchWriteItem does not return deleted items in the response.
If you use a programming language that supports concurrency, such as Java, you can use threads to write items in parallel. Your application must include the necessary logic to manage the threads. With languages that don't support threading, such as PHP, you must update or delete the specified items one at a time. In both situations, BatchWriteItem provides an alternative where the API performs the specified put and delete operations in parallel, giving you the power of the thread pool approach without having to introduce complexity into your application.
Parallel processing reduces latency, but each specified put and delete request consumes the same number of write capacity units whether it is processed in parallel or not. Delete operations on nonexistent items consume one write capacity unit.
If one or more of the following is true, DynamoDB rejects the entire batch write operation:
Returns information about the BatchWriteItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a BatchWriteItem operation.
Represents the amount of provisioned throughput capacity consumed on a table or an index.
Represents the selection criteria for a Query or Scan operation:
Represents the capacity units consumed by an operation. The data returned includes the total provisioned throughput consumed, along with statistics for the table and any indexes involved in the operation. ConsumedCapacity is only returned if it was asked for in the request. For more information, see Provisioned Throughput in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
Container for the parameters to the CreateTable operation.
The CreateTable operation adds a new table to your account. In an AWS account, table names must be unique within each region. That is, you can have two tables with same name if you create the tables in different regions.
CreateTable is an asynchronous operation. Upon receiving a CreateTable request, DynamoDB immediately returns a response with a TableStatus of CREATING . After the table is created, DynamoDB sets the TableStatus to ACTIVE . You can perform read and write operations only on an ACTIVE table.
If you want to create multiple tables with secondary indexes on them, you must create them sequentially. Only one table with secondary indexes can be in the CREATING state at any given time.
You can use the DescribeTable API to check the table status.
Returns information about the CreateTableResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a CreateTable operation.
Container for the parameters to the DeleteItem operation.
Deletes a single item in a table by primary key. You can perform a conditional delete operation that deletes the item if it exists, or if it has an expected attribute value.
In addition to deleting an item, you can also return the item's attribute values in the same operation, using the ReturnValues parameter.
Unless you specify conditions, the DeleteItem is an idempotent operation; running it multiple times on the same item or attribute does not result in an error response.
Conditional deletes are useful for only deleting items if specific conditions are met. If those conditions are met, DynamoDB performs the delete. Otherwise, the item is not deleted.
Returns information about the DeleteItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a DeleteItem operation.
Represents a request to perform a DeleteItem operation on an item.
Container for the parameters to the DeleteTable operation.
The DeleteTable operation deletes a table and all of its items. After a DeleteTable request, the specified table is in the DELETING state until DynamoDB completes the deletion. If the table is in the ACTIVE state, you can delete it. If a table is in CREATING or UPDATING states, then DynamoDB returns a ResourceInUseException . If the specified table does not exist, DynamoDB returns a ResourceNotFoundException . If table is already in the DELETING state, no error is returned.
NOTE: DynamoDB might continue to accept data read and write operations, such as GetItem and PutItem, on a table in the DELETING state until the table deletion is complete.
When you delete a table, any indexes on that table are also deleted.
Use the DescribeTable API to check the status of the table.
Returns information about the DeleteTableResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a DeleteTable operation.
Container for the parameters to the DescribeTable operation.
Returns information about the table, including the current status of the table, when it was created, the primary key schema, and any indexes on the table.
Returns information about the DescribeTableResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a DescribeTable operation.
Represents an attribute value used with conditional DeleteItem , PutItem or UpdateItem operations. DynamoDB will check to see if the attribute value already exists; or if the attribute exists and has a particular value before updating it.
Container for the parameters to the GetItem operation.
The GetItem operation returns a set of attributes for the item with the given primary key. If there is no matching item, GetItem does not return any data.
GetItem provides an eventually consistent read by default. If your application requires a strongly consistent read, set ConsistentRead to true . Although a strongly consistent read might take more time than an eventually consistent read, it always returns the last updated value.
Returns information about the GetItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a GetItem operation.
Represents a global secondary index.
Represents the properties of a global secondary index.
Represents the new provisioned throughput settings to apply to a global secondary index.
Information about item collections, if any, that were affected by the operation. ItemCollectionMetrics is only returned if it was asked for in the request. If the table does not have any local secondary indexes, this information is not returned in the response.
Represents a set of primary keys and, for each key, the attributes to retrieve from the table.
Represents a single element of a key schema. A key schema specifies the attributes that make up the primary key of a table, or the key attributes of an index.
Container for the parameters to the ListTables operation.
Returns an array of table names associated with the current account and endpoint. The output from ListTables is paginated, with each page returning a maximum of 100 table names.
Returns information about the ListTablesResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a ListTables operation.
Represents a local secondary index.
Represents the properties of a local secondary index.
Represents attributes that are copied (projected) from the table into an index. These are in addition to the primary key attributes and index key attributes, which are automatically projected.
Represents the provisioned throughput settings for a specified table or index. The settings can be modified using the UpdateTable operation.
For current minimum and maximum provisioned throughput values, see Limits in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
Represents the provisioned throughput settings for the table, consisting of read and write capacity units, along with data about increases and decreases.
Container for the parameters to the PutItem operation.
Creates a new item, or replaces an old item with a new item. If an item already exists in the specified table with the same primary key, the new item completely replaces the existing item. You can perform a conditional put (insert a new item if one with the specified primary key doesn't exist), or replace an existing item if it has certain attribute values.
In addition to putting an item, you can also return the item's attribute values in the same operation, using the ReturnValues parameter.
When you add an item, the primary key attribute(s) are the only required attributes. Attribute values cannot be null. String and binary type attributes must have lengths greater than zero. Set type attributes cannot be empty. Requests with empty values will be rejected with a ValidationException .
You can request that PutItem return either a copy of the old item (before the update) or a copy of the new item (after the update). For more information, see the ReturnValues description.
NOTE: To prevent a new item from replacing an existing item, use a conditional put operation with Exists set to false for the primary key attribute, or attributes.
For more information about using this API, see Working with Items in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
Returns information about the PutItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a PutItem operation.
Represents a request to perform a PutItem operation on an item.
Container for the parameters to the Query operation.
A Query operation directly accesses items from a table using the table primary key, or from an index using the index key. You must provide a specific hash key value. You can narrow the scope of the query by using comparison operators on the range key value, or on the index key. You can use the ScanIndexForward parameter to get results in forward or reverse order, by range key or by index key.
Queries that do not return results consume the minimum read capacity units according to the type of read.
If the total number of items meeting the query criteria exceeds the result set size limit of 1 MB, the query stops and results are returned to the user with a LastEvaluatedKey to continue the query in a subsequent operation. Unlike a Scan operation, a Query operation never returns an empty result set and a LastEvaluatedKey . The LastEvaluatedKey is only provided if the results exceed 1 MB, or if you have used Limit .
You can query a table, a local secondary index, or a global secondary index. For a query on a table or on a local secondary index, you can set ConsistentRead to true and obtain a strongly consistent result. Global secondary indexes support eventually consistent reads only, so do not specify ConsistentRead when querying a global secondary index.
Returns information about the QueryResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a Query operation.
Container for the parameters to the Scan operation.
The Scan operation returns one or more items and item attributes by accessing every item in the table. To have DynamoDB return fewer items, you can provide a ScanFilter .
If the total number of scanned items exceeds the maximum data set size limit of 1 MB, the scan stops and results are returned to the user with a LastEvaluatedKey to continue the scan in a subsequent operation. The results also include the number of items exceeding the limit. A scan can result in no table data meeting the filter criteria.
The result set is eventually consistent.
By default, Scan operations proceed sequentially; however, for faster performance on large tables, applications can request a parallel Scan by specifying the Segment and TotalSegments parameters. For more information, see Parallel Scan in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
Returns information about the ScanResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of a Scan operation.
Represents the properties of a table.
Represents the new provisioned throughput settings to be applied to a global secondary index.
Container for the parameters to the UpdateItem operation.
Edits an existing item's attributes, or inserts a new item if it does not already exist. You can put, delete, or add attribute values. You can also perform a conditional update (insert a new attribute name-value pair if it doesn't exist, or replace an existing name-value pair if it has certain expected attribute values).
In addition to updating an item, you can also return the item's attribute values in the same operation, using the ReturnValues parameter.
Returns information about the UpdateItemResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of an UpdateItem operation.
Container for the parameters to the UpdateTable operation.
Updates the provisioned throughput for the given table. Setting the throughput for a table helps you manage performance and is part of the provisioned throughput feature of DynamoDB.
The provisioned throughput values can be upgraded or downgraded based on the maximums and minimums listed in the Limits section in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.
The table must be in the ACTIVE state for this operation to succeed. UpdateTable is an asynchronous operation; while executing the operation, the table is in the UPDATING state. While the table is in the UPDATING state, the table still has the provisioned throughput from before the call. The new provisioned throughput setting is in effect only when the table returns to the ACTIVE state after the UpdateTable operation.
You cannot add, modify or delete indexes using UpdateTable . Indexes can only be defined at table creation time.
Returns information about the UpdateTableResult response and response metadata.
Represents the output of an UpdateTable operation.
Represents an operation to perform - either DeleteItem or PutItem . You can only specify one of these operations, not both, in a single WriteRequest . If you do need to perform both of these operations, you will need to specify two separate WriteRequest objects.