AWS Storage Gateway
User Guide (API Version 2013-06-30)

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Creating Tapes

Note

You are charged only for the amount of data you write to the tape, not the tape capacity.

You can use AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) to encrypt data written to a virtual tape that is stored in Amazon S3. Currently, you can do this by using the AWS Storage Gateway API Reference. For more information, see CreateTapes or create-tapes.

To create virtual tapes

  1. In the navigation pane, choose the Gateways tab.

  2. Choose Create tapes to open the Create tapes dialog box.

  3. For Gateway, choose a gateway. The tape is created for this gateway.

  4. For Number of tapes, choose the number of tapes you want to create. For more information about tape limits, see AWS Storage Gateway Limits.

  5. For Capacity, type the size of the virtual tape you want to create. Tapes must be larger than 100GiB. For information about capacity limits, see AWS Storage Gateway Limits.

  6. For Barcode prefix, type the prefix you want to prepend to the barcode of your virtual tapes.

    Note

    Virtual tapes are uniquely identified by a barcode. You can add a prefix to the barcode. The prefix is optional, but you can use it to help identify your virtual tapes. The prefix must be uppercase letters (A–Z) and must be one to four characters long.

  7. For Pool, choose Glacier Pool or Deep Archive Pool. This pool represents the storage class in which your tape will be stored when it is ejected by your backup software.

    Choose Glacier Pool if you want to archive the tape in GLACIER. When your backup software ejects the tape, it is automatically archived in GLACIER. You use Glacier for more active archives where you can retrieve a tape typically within 3-5 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects

    Choose Deep Archive Pool if you want to archive the tape in DEEP_ARCHIVE. When your backup software ejects the tape, the tape is automatically archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE. You use DEEP_ARCHIVE for long-term data retention and digital preservation where data is accessed once or twice a year. You can retrieve a tape archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE typically within 12 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects.

    If you archive a tape in GLACIER, you can move it to DEEP_ARCHIVE later. For more information, see Moving Your Tape from Glacier to Deep Archive Storage Class.

    Note

    Tapes created before March 27, 2019, are archived directly in Amazon S3 Glacier when your backup software ejects it.

  8. (Optional) For Tags, enter a key and value to add tags to your tape. A tag is a case-sensitive key-value pair that helps you manage, filter, and search for your tapes.

  9. Choose Create tapes.

  10. In the navigation pane, choose the Tape Library tab and choose Tapes to see your tapes.

The status of the virtual tapes is initially set to CREATING when the virtual tapes are being created. After the tapes are created, their status changes to AVAILABLE. For more information, see Managing Your Tape Gateway.

Next Step

Using Your Tape Gateway