Creating Tapes - AWS Storage Gateway

Creating Tapes

In this section, you can find information about how to create new virtual backup tapes using AWS Storage Gateway. You can create new virtual backup tapes manually with the AWS Storage Gateway Management Console, and you can also create them automatically.

AWS Storage Gateway automates creating new virtual tapes, helping eliminate the need for manual tape management, and making your large deployments simpler. Automatic tape creation also helps scale on-premises and archive storage needs.

Note

You are charged only for the amount of data that you write to the tape, not the tape capacity.

You can use AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) to encrypt data written to a virtual tape that is stored in Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3). Currently, you can do this by using the AWS Storage Gateway API Reference. For more information, see CreateTapes or create-tapes.

Creating Tapes Manually

Use the following steps to create virtual tapes manually using the console.

To create virtual tapes manually

  1. Open the AWS Storage Gateway console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/storagegateway/home.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose the Gateways tab.

  3. Choose Create tapes to open the Create tapes dialog box.

  4. For Gateway, choose a gateway. The tape is created for this gateway.

  5. For Number of tapes, choose the number of tapes that you want to create. For more information about tape quotas, see AWS Storage Gateway Quotas.

  6. For Capacity, enter the size of the virtual tape that you want to create. Tapes must be larger than 100 GiB. For information about capacity quotas, see AWS Storage Gateway Quotas.

  7. For Barcode prefix, enter the prefix that you want to prepend to the barcode of your virtual tapes.

    Note

    Virtual tapes are uniquely identified by a barcode, and you can add a prefix to the barcode. The prefix is optional, but you can use it to help identify your virtual tapes. The prefix must be uppercase letters (A–Z) and must be one to four characters long.

  8. For Pool, choose Glacier Pool or Deep Archive Pool. This pool represents the storage class in which your tape will be stored when it is ejected by your backup software.

    Choose Glacier Pool if you want to archive the tape in GLACIER. When your backup software ejects the tape, it is automatically archived in GLACIER. You use S3 Glacier for more active archives where you can retrieve a tape typically within 3-5 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.

    Choose Deep Archive Pool if you want to archive the tape in DEEP_ARCHIVE. When your backup software ejects the tape, the tape is automatically archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE. You use DEEP_ARCHIVE for long-term data retention and digital preservation where data is accessed once or twice a year. You can retrieve a tape archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE typically within 12 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.

    If you archive a tape in GLACIER, you can move it to DEEP_ARCHIVE later. For more information, see Moving Your Tape from Glacier to Deep Archive Storage Class.

    Note

    Tapes created before March 27, 2019, are archived directly in Amazon S3 Glacier when your backup software ejects it.

  9. (Optional) For Tags, enter a key and value to add tags to your tape. A tag is a case-sensitive key-value pair that helps you manage, filter, and search for your tapes.

  10. Choose Create tapes.

  11. In the navigation pane, choose the Tape Library tab, and choose Tapes to see your tapes.

The status of the virtual tapes is initially set to CREATING when the virtual tapes are being created. After the tapes are created, their status changes to AVAILABLE. For more information, see Managing Your Tape Gateway.

Creating Tapes Automatically

The tape gateway automatically creates new virtual tapes to maintain the minimum number of available tapes that you configure. It then makes these new tapes available for import by the backup application so that your backup jobs can run without interruption. Automatic tape creation removes the need for custom scripting in addition to the manual process of creating new virtual tapes.

To enable automatic tape creation

  1. Open the AWS Storage Gateway console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/storagegateway/home.

  2. In the navigation pane, choose the Gateways tab.

  3. Choose the gateway that you want to automatically create tapes for.

  4. In the Actions menu, choose Configure tape auto-create.

    A new tab, Tape auto-create, appears in the Details pane. You can configure, change, or delete tape auto-create options here.

  5. To enable automatic tape creation, choose the Tape auto-create tab, and then choose Configure tape auto-create. You can change the settings for automatic tape creation here.

  6. For Minimum number of tapes, enter the minimum number of virtual tapes that should be available on the tape gateway at all times. The valid range for this value is a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 10.

  7. For Capacity, enter the size, in bytes, of the virtual tape capacity. The valid range is a minimum of 100 Gib and a maximum of 5 TiB.

  8. For Barcode prefix, enter the prefix that you want to prepend to the barcode of your virtual tapes.

    Note

    Virtual tapes are uniquely identified by a barcode, and you can add a prefix to the barcode. The prefix is optional, but you can use it to help identify your virtual tapes. The prefix must be uppercase letters (A–Z) and must be one to four characters long.

  9. For Pool, choose Glacier Pool or Deep Archive Pool. This pool represents the storage class in which your tapes will be stored when they are ejected by your backup software.

    Choose Glacier Pool if you want to archive the tapes in GLACIER. When your backup software ejects the tapes, they are automatically archived in GLACIER. You use S3 Glacier for more active archives where you can retrieve a tape typically within 3-5 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.

    Choose Deep Archive Pool if you want to archive the tapes in DEEP_ARCHIVE. When your backup software ejects the tape, the tape is automatically archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE. You use DEEP_ARCHIVE for long-term data retention and digital preservation where data is accessed once or twice a year. You can retrieve a tape archived in DEEP_ARCHIVE typically within 12 hours. For detailed information, see Storage Classes for Archiving Objects in the Amazon S3 Developer Guide.

    If you archive tapes in GLACIER, you can move them to DEEP_ARCHIVE later. For more information, see Moving Your Tape from Glacier to Deep Archive Storage Class.

  10. In the navigation pane, choose the Tape Library tab, and then choose Tapes to see your tapes.

    The status of available virtual tapes is initially set to CREATING when the tapes are being created. After the tapes are created, their status changes to AVAILABLE. For more information, see Managing Your Tape Gateway.

    For more information about changing automatic tape creation policies, or deleting automatic tape creation from a tape gateway, see Managing Automatic Tape Creation.

Next Step

Using Your Tape Gateway