Example customer gateway device configurations for dynamic routing (BGP) - AWS Site-to-Site VPN

Example customer gateway device configurations for dynamic routing (BGP)

Example configuration files

You can download dynamic-routing-examples.zip to view example configuration files for the following customer gateway devices:

  • Barracuda NextGen Firewall F-series running 6.2+

  • Cisco ASA running Cisco ASA 9.7.1+

  • Cisco IOS running Cisco IOS 12.4+

  • F5 Networks BIG-IP running v12.0.0+

  • Fortinet Fortigate 40+

  • Generic configuration for dynamic routing

  • H3C MSR800 running version 5.20

  • IIJ SEIL/B1 running SEIL/B1 3.70+

  • Juniper J-Series running JunOS 9.5+

  • Juniper SRX running JunOS 11.0+

  • Juniper SSG or Netscreen series running Juniper ScreenOS 6.1+

  • Mikrotik RouterOS running 6.36

  • Palo Alto Networks running PANOS 4.1.2+

  • SonicWALL running SonicOS 5.9 or 6.2

  • Sophos ASG running V8.300+

  • Vyatta running Network OS 6.5+

  • WatchGuard XTM, Firebox running Fireware OS 11.12.2+

  • Yamaha RT107e, RTX1200, RTX1210, RTX1500, RTX3000, or SRT100

  • Zyxel ZyWALL running ZLD 4.3+

The files use placeholder values for some components. For example, they use:

  • Example values for the VPN connection ID and virtual private gateway ID

  • Placeholders for the remote (outside) IP address AWS endpoints (AWS_ENDPOINT_1 and AWS_ENDPOINT_2)

  • Placeholders for the IP address for the internet-routable external interface on the customer gateway device (your-cgw-ip-address), and the BGP ASN.

  • Example values for the tunnel inside IP addresses.

In addition to providing placeholder values, the files specify the minimum requirements of IKE version 1, AES128, SHA1, and DH Group 2 in most AWS Regions. They also specify pre-shared keys for authentication. You must modify the example configuration files to take advantage of IKE version 2, AES256, SHA256, other DH groups such as 2, 14-18, 22, 23, and 24, and private certificates.

The following diagram provides an overview of the different components that are configured on the customer gateway device. It includes example values for the tunnel interface IP addresses.


                Customer gateway device with dynamic routing

To download a configuration file with values that are specific to your VPN connection configuration, you must use the Amazon VPC console. For more information, see Download the configuration file.

User interface procedures for dynamic routing

The following are some example procedures for configuring a customer gateway device using its user interface (if available).

Check Point

The following are steps for configuring a Check Point Security Gateway device running R77.10 or above, using the Gaia web portal and Check Point SmartDashboard. You can also refer to the Amazon Web Services (AWS) VPN BGP article on the Check Point Support Center.

To configure the tunnel interface

The first step is to create the VPN tunnels and provide the private (inside) IP addresses of the customer gateway and virtual private gateway for each tunnel. To create the first tunnel, use the information provided under the IPSec Tunnel #1 section of the configuration file. To create the second tunnel, use the values provided in the IPSec Tunnel #2 section of the configuration file.

  1. Connect to your security gateway over SSH. If you're using the non-default shell, change to clish by running the following command: clish

  2. Set the customer gateway ASN (the ASN that was provided when the customer gateway was created in AWS) by running the following command.

    set as 65000
  3. Create the tunnel interface for the first tunnel, using the information provided under the IPSec Tunnel #1 section of the configuration file. Provide a unique name for your tunnel, such as AWS_VPC_Tunnel_1.

    add vpn tunnel 1 type numbered local 169.254.44.234 remote 169.254.44.233 peer AWS_VPC_Tunnel_1 set interface vpnt1 state on set interface vpnt1 mtu 1436
  4. Repeat these commands to create the second tunnel, using the information provided under the IPSec Tunnel #2 section of the configuration file. Provide a unique name for your tunnel, such as AWS_VPC_Tunnel_2.

    add vpn tunnel 1 type numbered local 169.254.44.38 remote 169.254.44.37 peer AWS_VPC_Tunnel_2 set interface vpnt2 state on set interface vpnt2 mtu 1436
  5. Set the virtual private gateway ASN.

    set bgp external remote-as 7224 on
  6. Configure the BGP for the first tunnel, using the information provided IPSec Tunnel #1 section of the configuration file.

    set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.233 on set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.233 holdtime 30 set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.233 keepalive 10
  7. Configure the BGP for the second tunnel, using the information provided IPSec Tunnel #2 section of the configuration file.

    set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.37 on set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.37 holdtime 30 set bgp external remote-as 7224 peer 169.254.44.37 keepalive 10
  8. Save the configuration.

    save config

To create a BGP policy

Next, create a BGP policy that allows the import of routes that are advertised by AWS. Then, configure your customer gateway to advertise its local routes to AWS.

  1. In the Gaia WebUI, choose Advanced Routing, Inbound Route Filters. Choose Add, and select Add BGP Policy (Based on AS).

  2. For Add BGP Policy, select a value between 512 and 1024 in the first field, and enter the virtual private gateway ASN in the second field (for example, 7224).

  3. Choose Save.

To advertise local routes

The following steps are for distributing local interface routes. You can also redistribute routes from different sources (for example, static routes, or routes obtained through dynamic routing protocols). For more information, see the Gaia Advanced Routing R77 Versions Administration Guide.

  1. In the Gaia WebUI, choose Advanced Routing, Routing Redistribution. Choose Add Redistribution From and then select Interface.

  2. For To Protocol, select the virtual private gateway ASN (for example, 7224).

  3. For Interface, select an internal interface. Choose Save.

To define a new network object

Next, create a network object for each VPN tunnel, specifying the public (outside) IP addresses for the virtual private gateway. You later add these network objects as satellite gateways for your VPN community. You also need to create an empty group to act as a placeholder for the VPN domain.

  1. Open the Check Point SmartDashboard.

  2. For Groups, open the context menu and choose Groups, Simple Group. You can use the same group for each network object.

  3. For Network Objects, open the context (right-click) menu and choose New, Interoperable Device.

  4. For Name, enter the name that you provided for your tunnel in step 1, for example, AWS_VPC_Tunnel_1 or AWS_VPC_Tunnel_2.

  5. For IPv4 Address, enter the outside IP address of the virtual private gateway provided in the configuration file, for example, 54.84.169.196. Save your settings and close the dialog box.

    
                                    Check Point Interoperable Device dialog box
  6. In the left category pane, choose Topology.

  7. In the VPN Domain section, choose Manually defined, and then browse to and select the empty simple group that you created in step 2. Choose OK.

  8. Repeat these steps to create a second network object, using the information under the IPSec Tunnel #2 section of the configuration file.

  9. Go to your gateway network object, open your gateway or cluster object, and choose Topology.

  10. In the VPN Domain section, choose Manually defined, and then browse to and select the empty simple group that you created in step 2. Choose OK.

    Note

    You can keep any existing VPN domain that you've configured. However, ensure that the hosts and networks that are used or served by the new VPN connection are not declared in that VPN domain, especially if the VPN domain is automatically derived.

Note

If you're using clusters, edit the topology and define the interfaces as cluster interfaces. Use the IP addresses that are specified in the configuration file.

To create and configure the VPN community, IKE, and IPsec settings

Next, create a VPN community on your Check Point gateway, to which you add the network objects (interoperable devices) for each tunnel. You also configure the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) and IPsec settings.

  1. From your gateway properties, choose IPSec VPN in the category pane.

  2. Choose Communities, New, Star Community.

  3. Provide a name for your community (for example, AWS_VPN_Star), and then choose Center Gateways in the category pane.

  4. Choose Add, and add your gateway or cluster to the list of participant gateways.

  5. In the category pane, choose Satellite Gateways, Add, and add the interoperable devices that you created earlier (AWS_VPC_Tunnel_1 and AWS_VPC_Tunnel_2) to the list of participant gateways.

  6. In the category pane, choose Encryption. In the Encryption Method section, choose IKEv1 for IPv4 and IKEv2 for IPv6. In the Encryption Suite section, choose Custom, Custom Encryption.

    Note

    You must select the IKEv1 for IPv4 and IKEv2 for IPv6 option for IKEv1 functionality.

  7. In the dialog box, configure the encryption properties as follows, and then choose OK when you're done:

    • IKE Security Association (Phase 1) Properties:

      • Perform key exchange encryption with: AES-128

      • Perform data integrity with: SHA-1

    • IPsec Security Association (Phase 2) Properties:

      • Perform IPsec data encryption with: AES-128

      • Perform data integrity with: SHA-1

  8. In the category pane, choose Tunnel Management. Choose Set Permanent Tunnels, On all tunnels in the community. In the VPN Tunnel Sharing section, choose One VPN tunnel per Gateway pair.

  9. In the category pane, expand Advanced Settings, and choose Shared Secret.

  10. Select the peer name for the first tunnel, choose Edit, and then enter the pre-shared key as specified in the configuration file in the IPSec Tunnel #1 section.

  11. Select the peer name for the second tunnel, choose Edit, and then enter the pre-shared key as specified in the configuration file in the IPSec Tunnel #2 section.

    
                                    Check Point Interoperable Shared Secret dialog
                                        box
  12. Still in the Advanced Settings category, choose Advanced VPN Properties, configure the properties as follows, and then choose OK when you're done:

    • IKE (Phase 1):

      • Use Diffie-Hellman group: Group 2 (1024 bit)

      • Renegotiate IKE security associations every 480 minutes

    • IPsec (Phase 2):

      • Choose Use Perfect Forward Secrecy

      • Use Diffie-Hellman group: Group 2 (1024 bit)

      • Renegotiate IPsec security associations every 3600 seconds

To create firewall rules

Next, configure a policy with firewall rules and directional match rules that allow communication between the VPC and the local network. You then install the policy on your gateway.

  1. In the SmartDashboard, choose Global Properties for your gateway. In the category pane, expand VPN, and choose Advanced.

  2. Choose Enable VPN Directional Match in VPN Column, and choose OK.

  3. In the SmartDashboard, choose Firewall, and create a policy with the following rules:

    • Allow the VPC subnet to communicate with the local network over the required protocols.

    • Allow the local network to communicate with the VPC subnet over the required protocols.

  4. Open the context menu for the cell in the VPN column, and choose Edit Cell.

  5. In the VPN Match Conditions dialog box, choose Match traffic in this direction only. Create the following directional match rules by choosing Add for each, and then choose OK when you're done:

    • internal_clear > VPN community (The VPN star community that you created earlier, for example, AWS_VPN_Star)

    • VPN community > VPN community

    • VPN community > internal_clear

  6. In the SmartDashboard, choose Policy, Install.

  7. In the dialog box, choose your gateway and choose OK to install the policy.

To modify the tunnel_keepalive_method property

Your Check Point gateway can use Dead Peer Detection (DPD) to identify when an IKE association is down. To configure DPD for a permanent tunnel, the permanent tunnel must be configured in the AWS VPN community.

By default, the tunnel_keepalive_method property for a VPN gateway is set to tunnel_test. You must change the value to dpd. Each VPN gateway in the VPN community that requires DPD monitoring must be configured with the tunnel_keepalive_method property, including any 3rd party VPN gateway. You cannot configure different monitoring mechanisms for the same gateway.

You can update the tunnel_keepalive_method property using the GuiDBedit tool.

  1. Open the Check Point SmartDashboard, and choose Security Management Server, Domain Management Server.

  2. Choose File, Database Revision Control... and create a revision snapshot.

  3. Close all SmartConsole windows, such as the SmartDashboard, SmartView Tracker, and SmartView Monitor.

  4. Start the GuiBDedit tool. For more information, see the Check Point Database Tool article on the Check Point Support Center.

  5. Choose Security Management Server, Domain Management Server.

  6. In the upper left pane, choose Table, Network Objects, network_objects.

  7. In the upper right pane, select the relevant Security Gateway, Cluster object.

  8. Press CTRL+F, or use the Search menu to search for the following: tunnel_keepalive_method.

  9. In the lower pane, open the context menu for tunnel_keepalive_method, and select Edit.... Choose dpd, OK.

  10. Repeat steps 7 through 9 for each gateway that's part of the AWS VPN Community.

  11. Choose File, Save All.

  12. Close the GuiDBedit tool.

  13. Open the Check Point SmartDashboard, and choose Security Management Server, Domain Management Server.

  14. Install the policy on the relevant Security Gateway, Cluster object.

For more information, see the New VPN features in R77.10 article on the Check Point Support Center.

To enable TCP MSS clamping

TCP MSS clamping reduces the maximum segment size of TCP packets to prevent packet fragmentation.

  1. Navigate to the following directory: C:\Program Files (x86)\CheckPoint\SmartConsole\R77.10\PROGRAM\.

  2. Open the Check Point Database Tool by running the GuiDBEdit.exe file.

  3. Choose Table, Global Properties, properties.

  4. For fw_clamp_tcp_mss, choose Edit. Change the value to true and then choose OK.

To verify the tunnel status

You can verify the tunnel status by running the following command from the command line tool in expert mode.

vpn tunnelutil

In the options that display, choose 1 to verify the IKE associations and 2 to verify the IPsec associations.

You can also use the Check Point Smart Tracker Log to verify that packets over the connection are being encrypted. For example, the following log indicates that a packet to the VPC was sent over tunnel 1 and was encrypted.


                            Check Point log file
SonicWALL

You can configure a SonicWALL device using the SonicOS management interface. For more information about configuring the tunnels, see User interface procedures for static routing.

You cannot configure BGP for the device using the management interface. Instead, use the command line instructions provided in the example configuration file, under the section named BGP.

Additional information for Cisco devices

Some Cisco ASAs only support Active/Standby mode. When you use these Cisco ASAs, you can have only one active tunnel at a time. The other standby tunnel becomes active if the first tunnel becomes unavailable. With this redundancy, you should always have connectivity to your VPC through one of the tunnels.

Cisco ASAs from version 9.7.1 and later support Active/Active mode. When you use these Cisco ASAs, you can have both tunnels active at the same time. With this redundancy, you should always have connectivity to your VPC through one of the tunnels.

For Cisco devices, you must do the following:

  • Configure the outside interface.

  • Ensure that the Crypto ISAKMP Policy Sequence number is unique.

  • Ensure that the Crypto List Policy Sequence number is unique.

  • Ensure that the Crypto IPsec Transform Set and the Crypto ISAKMP Policy Sequence are harmonious with any other IPsec tunnels that are configured on the device.

  • Ensure that the SLA monitoring number is unique.

  • Configure all internal routing that moves traffic between the customer gateway device and your local network.

Additional information for Juniper devices

The following information applies to the example configuration files for Juniper J-Series and SRX customer gateway devices.

  • The outside interface is referred to as ge-0/0/0.0.

  • The tunnel interface IDs are referred to as st0.1 and st0.2.

  • Ensure that you identify the security zone for the uplink interface (the configuration information uses the default 'untrust' zone).

  • Ensure that you identify the security zone for the inside interface (the configuration information uses the default 'trust' zone).

Testing

For more information about testing your Site-to-Site VPN connection, see Testing the Site-to-Site VPN connection.