Recovery Time Objective (RTO) and Recovery Point Objective (RPO) - Reliability Pillar

Recovery Time Objective (RTO) and Recovery Point Objective (RPO)

These terms are most often associated with Disaster Recovery (DR), which are a set of objectives and strategies to recover workload availability in the case of a disaster.

Recovery Time Objective (RTO) Defined by the organization. RTO is the maximum acceptable delay between the interruption of service and restoration of service. This determines what is considered an acceptable time window when service is unavailable.

Recovery Point Objective (RPO) Defined by the organization. RPO is the maximum acceptable amount of time since the last data recovery point. This determines what is considered an acceptable loss of data between the last recovery point and the interruption of service.

The relationship of RPO (Recovery Point Objective), RTO (Recovery Time Objective), and the disaster event.

RTO is similar to MTTR (Mean Time to Recovery) in that both measure the time between the start of an outage and workload recovery. However MTTR is a mean value taken over several availability impacting events over a period of time, while RTO is a target, or maximum value allowed, for a single availability impacting event.