Running the X-Ray daemon on Amazon ECS - AWS X-Ray

Running the X-Ray daemon on Amazon ECS

In Amazon ECS, create a Docker image that runs the X-Ray daemon, upload it to a Docker image repository, and then deploy it to your Amazon ECS cluster. You can use port mappings and network mode settings in your task definition file to allow your application to communicate with the daemon container.

Using the official Docker image

X-Ray provides a Docker container image on Amazon ECR that you can deploy alongside your application. See downloading the daemon for more information.

Example Task definition
{ "name": "xray-daemon", "image": "amazon/aws-xray-daemon", "cpu": 32, "memoryReservation": 256, "portMappings" : [ { "hostPort": 0, "containerPort": 2000, "protocol": "udp" } ] }

Create and build a Docker image

For custom configuration, you may need to define your own Docker image.

Add managed policies to your task role to grant the daemon permission to upload trace data to X-Ray. For more information, see Giving the daemon permission to send data to X-Ray.

Use one of the following Dockerfiles to create an image that runs the daemon.

Example Dockerfile – Amazon Linux
FROM amazonlinux RUN yum install -y unzip RUN curl -o RUN unzip && cp xray /usr/bin/xray ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/bin/xray", "-t", "", "-b", ""] EXPOSE 2000/udp EXPOSE 2000/tcp

Flags -t and -b are required to specify a binding address to listen to the loopback of a multi-container environment.

Example Dockerfile – Ubuntu

For Debian derivatives, you also need to install certificate authority (CA) certificates to avoid issues when downloading the installer.

FROM ubuntu:16.04 RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y --force-yes --no-install-recommends apt-transport-https curl ca-certificates wget && apt-get clean && apt-get autoremove && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* RUN wget RUN dpkg -i aws-xray-daemon-3.x.deb ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/bin/xray", "--bind=", "--bind-tcp="] EXPOSE 2000/udp EXPOSE 2000/tcp

In your task definition, the configuration depends on the networking mode that you use. Bridge networking is the default and can be used in your default VPC. In a bridge network, set the AWS_XRAY_DAEMON_ADDRESS environment variable to tell the X-Ray SDK which container-port to reference and set the host port. For example, you could publish UDP port 2000, and create a link from your application container to the daemon container.

Example Task definition
{ "name": "xray-daemon", "image": "", "cpu": 32, "memoryReservation": 256, "portMappings" : [ { "hostPort": 0, "containerPort": 2000, "protocol": "udp" } ] }, { "name": "scorekeep-api", "image": "", "cpu": 192, "memoryReservation": 512, "environment": [ { "name" : "AWS_REGION", "value" : "us-east-2" }, { "name" : "NOTIFICATION_TOPIC", "value" : "arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:scorekeep-notifications" }, { "name" : "AWS_XRAY_DAEMON_ADDRESS", "value" : "xray-daemon:2000" } ], "portMappings" : [ { "hostPort": 5000, "containerPort": 5000 } ], "links": [ "xray-daemon" ] }

If you run your cluster in the private subnet of a VPC, you can use the awsvpc network mode to attach an elastic network interface (ENI) to your containers. This enables you to avoid using links. Omit the host port in the port mappings, the link, and the AWS_XRAY_DAEMON_ADDRESS environment variable.

Example VPC task definition
{ "family": "scorekeep", "networkMode":"awsvpc", "containerDefinitions": [ { "name": "xray-daemon", "image": "", "cpu": 32, "memoryReservation": 256, "portMappings" : [ { "containerPort": 2000, "protocol": "udp" } ] }, { "name": "scorekeep-api", "image": "", "cpu": 192, "memoryReservation": 512, "environment": [ { "name" : "AWS_REGION", "value" : "us-east-2" }, { "name" : "NOTIFICATION_TOPIC", "value" : "arn:aws:sns:us-east-2:123456789012:scorekeep-notifications" } ], "portMappings" : [ { "containerPort": 5000 } ] } ] }

Configure command line options in the Amazon ECS console

Command line options override any conflicting values in your image's config file. Command line options are typically used for local testing, but can also be used for convenience while setting environment variables, or to control the startup process.

By adding command line options, you are updating the Docker CMD that is passed to the container. For more information, see the Docker run reference.

To set a command line option
  1. Open the Amazon ECS classic console at

  2. From the navigation bar, choose the region that contains your task definition.

  3. In the navigation pane, choose Task Definitions.

  4. On the Task Definitions page, select the box to the left of the task definition to revise and choose Create new revision.

  5. On the Create new revision of Task Definition page, select the container.

  6. In the ENVIRONMENT section, add your comma-separated list of command line options to the Command field.

  7. Choose Update.

  8. Verify the information and choose Create.

The following example shows how to write a comma-separated command line option for the RoleARN option. The RoleARN option assumes the specified IAM role to upload segments to a different account.

--role-arn, arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/xray-cross-account

To learn more about the available command line options in X-Ray, see Configuring the AWS X-Ray Daemon.