使用 AWS CloudTrail 监控回收站 - Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud

使用 AWS CloudTrail 监控回收站

回收站服务与 AWS CloudTrail 集成。CloudTrail 是提供用户、角色或 AWS 服务所采取操作的记录的服务。CloudTrail 将回收站中执行的所有 API 调用作为事件捕获。如果您创建跟踪记录,则可以使 CloudTrail 事件持续传送到 Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) 存储桶。如果您不配置跟踪记录,则仍可在 CloudTrail 控制台中的 Event history(事件历史记录)中查看最新管理事件。您可以使用 CloudTrail 收集的信息来确定向回收站发出的请求、发出请求的 IP 地址、何人发出请求、何时发出请求,以及其它详细信息。

有关 CloudTrail 的更多信息,请参阅《AWS CloudTrail 用户指南》。

CloudTrail 中的回收站信息

在您创建 AWS 账户时,将在该账户上启用 CloudTrail。当受支持的事件活动在回收站中发生时,该活动将记录在 CloudTrail 事件中,并与其它 AWS 服务事件一同保存在 Event history(事件历史记录)中。您可以在 AWS 账户中查看、搜索和下载最新事件。有关更多信息,请参阅使用 CloudTrail 事件历史记录查看事件

要持续记录 AWS 账户中的事件(包括回收站事件),请创建跟踪记录。通过跟踪,CloudTrail 可将日志文件传送至 S3 存储桶。默认情况下,在控制台中创建跟踪时,此跟踪应用于所有 AWS 区域。此跟踪在 AWS 分区中记录所有区域中的事件,并将日志文件传送至您指定的 S3 存储桶。此外,可以配置其他 AWS 服务,进一步分析和应对 CloudTrail 日志中收集的事件数据。有关更多信息,请参阅 AWS CloudTrail 用户指南中的创建跟踪记录概述部分。

支持的 API 操作

对于回收站,您可以使用 CloudTrail 将以下 API 操作记录为管理活动。

  • CreateRule

  • UpdateRule

  • GetRules

  • ListRule

  • DeleteRule

  • TagResource

  • UntagResource

  • ListTagsForResource

有关日志记录管理事件的更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail 用户指南中的记录跟踪记录的管理事件

身份信息

每个事件或日志条目都包含有关生成请求的人员信息。身份信息可帮助您确定以下内容:

  • 请求是使用根用户凭证还是 AWS Identity and Access Management(IAM) 用户凭证发出的。

  • 请求是使用角色还是联合身份用户的临时安全凭证发出的。

  • 请求是否由其它 AWS 服务发出。

有关更多信息,请参阅 CloudTrail userIdentityElement

了解回收站日志文件条目

跟踪是一种配置,可用于将事件作为日志文件传送到您指定的 S3 存储桶。CloudTrail 日志文件包含一个或多个日志条目。一个事件表示来自任何源的一个请求,包括有关所请求的操作、操作的日期和时间、请求参数等方面的信息。CloudTrail 日志文件不是公用 API 调用的有序堆栈跟踪,因此它们不会按任何特定顺序显示。

以下是示例 CloudTrail 日志条目。

CreateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:22Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "CreateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 8, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
GetRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:45:33Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "GetRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
ListRules
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:44:37Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListRules", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "resourceTags": [ { "resourceTagKey": "test", "resourceTagValue": "test" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
UpdateRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:03Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UpdateRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample", "retentionPeriod": { "retentionPeriodValue": 365, "retentionPeriodUnit": "DAYS" }, "description": "Match all snapshots", "resourceType": "EBS_SNAPSHOT" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
DeleteRule
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-08-02T21:43:38Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-08-02T21:46:25Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "DeleteRule", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.9 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.230-0.1.ac.224.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.9", "requestParameters": { "identifier": "jkrnexample" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "ex0577a5-amc4-pl4f-ef51-50fdexample", "eventID": "714fafex-2eam-42pl-913e-926d4example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "rbin.us-west-2.amazonaws.com" } }
TagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:43:15Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "TagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tags": [ { "key": "purpose", "value": "production" } ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "examplee-7962-49ec-8633-795efexample", "eventID": "example4-6826-4c0a-bdec-0bab1example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }
UntagResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:44:16Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "UntagResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234", "tagKeys": [ "purpose" ] }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example7-6c1e-4f09-9e46-bb957example", "eventID": "example6-75ff-4c94-a1cd-4d5f5example", "readOnly": false, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }
ListTagsForResource
{ "eventVersion": "1.08", "userIdentity": { "type": "AssumedRole", "principalId": "123456789012:cheluyao-Isengard", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root", "accountId": "123456789012", "accessKeyId": "AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE", "sessionContext": { "sessionIssuer": { "type": "Role", "principalId": "123456789012", "arn": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/Admin", "accountId": "123456789012", "userName": "Admin" }, "webIdFederationData": {}, "attributes": { "mfaAuthenticated": "false", "creationDate": "2021-10-22T21:38:34Z" } } }, "eventTime": "2021-10-22T21:42:31Z", "eventSource": "rbin.amazonaws.com", "eventName": "ListTagsForResource", "awsRegion": "us-west-2", "sourceIPAddress": "123.123.123.123", "userAgent": "aws-cli/1.20.26 Python/3.6.14 Linux/4.9.273-0.1.ac.226.84.332.metal1.x86_64 botocore/1.21.26", "requestParameters": { "resourceArn": "arn:aws:rbin:us-west-2:123456789012:rule/ABCDEF01234" }, "responseElements": null, "requestID": "example8-10c7-43d4-b147-3d9d9example", "eventID": "example2-24fc-4da7-a479-c9748example", "readOnly": true, "eventType": "AwsApiCall", "managementEvent": true, "eventCategory": "Management", "recipientAccountId": "123456789012", "tlsDetails": { "tlsVersion": "TLSv1.2", "cipherSuite": "ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256", "clientProvidedHostHeader": "beta.us-west-2.api.rbs.aws.dev" } }