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[ aws . ec2 ]

create-snapshots

Description

Creates crash-consistent snapshots of multiple EBS volumes and stores the data in S3. Volumes are chosen by specifying an instance. Any attached volumes will produce one snapshot each that is crash-consistent across the instance.

You can include all of the volumes currently attached to the instance, or you can exclude the root volume or specific data (non-root) volumes from the multi-volume snapshot set.

You can create multi-volume snapshots of instances in a Region and instances on an Outpost. If you create snapshots from an instance in a Region, the snapshots must be stored in the same Region as the instance. If you create snapshots from an instance on an Outpost, the snapshots can be stored on the same Outpost as the instance, or in the Region for that Outpost.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  create-snapshots
[--description <value>]
--instance-specification <value>
[--outpost-arn <value>]
[--tag-specifications <value>]
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--copy-tags-from-source <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--description (string)

A description propagated to every snapshot specified by the instance.

--instance-specification (structure)

The instance to specify which volumes should be included in the snapshots.

InstanceId -> (string)

The instance to specify which volumes should be snapshotted.

ExcludeBootVolume -> (boolean)

Excludes the root volume from being snapshotted.

ExcludeDataVolumeIds -> (list)

The IDs of the data (non-root) volumes to exclude from the multi-volume snapshot set. If you specify the ID of the root volume, the request fails. To exclude the root volume, use ExcludeBootVolume .

You can specify up to 40 volume IDs per request.

(string)

Shorthand Syntax:

InstanceId=string,ExcludeBootVolume=boolean,ExcludeDataVolumeIds=string,string

JSON Syntax:

{
  "InstanceId": "string",
  "ExcludeBootVolume": true|false,
  "ExcludeDataVolumeIds": ["string", ...]
}

--outpost-arn (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the Outpost on which to create the local snapshots.

  • To create snapshots from an instance in a Region, omit this parameter. The snapshots are created in the same Region as the instance.
  • To create snapshots from an instance on an Outpost and store the snapshots in the Region, omit this parameter. The snapshots are created in the Region for the Outpost.
  • To create snapshots from an instance on an Outpost and store the snapshots on an Outpost, specify the ARN of the destination Outpost. The snapshots must be created on the same Outpost as the instance.

For more information, see Create multi-volume local snapshots from instances on an Outpost in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

--tag-specifications (list)

Tags to apply to every snapshot specified by the instance.

(structure)

The tags to apply to a resource when the resource is being created.

Note

The Valid Values lists all the resource types that can be tagged. However, the action you're using might not support tagging all of these resource types. If you try to tag a resource type that is unsupported for the action you're using, you'll get an error.

ResourceType -> (string)

The type of resource to tag on creation.

Tags -> (list)

The tags to apply to the resource.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.

Shorthand Syntax:

ResourceType=string,Tags=[{Key=string,Value=string},{Key=string,Value=string}] ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "ResourceType": "capacity-reservation"|"client-vpn-endpoint"|"customer-gateway"|"carrier-gateway"|"coip-pool"|"dedicated-host"|"dhcp-options"|"egress-only-internet-gateway"|"elastic-ip"|"elastic-gpu"|"export-image-task"|"export-instance-task"|"fleet"|"fpga-image"|"host-reservation"|"image"|"import-image-task"|"import-snapshot-task"|"instance"|"instance-event-window"|"internet-gateway"|"ipam"|"ipam-pool"|"ipam-scope"|"ipv4pool-ec2"|"ipv6pool-ec2"|"key-pair"|"launch-template"|"local-gateway"|"local-gateway-route-table"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface"|"local-gateway-virtual-interface-group"|"local-gateway-route-table-vpc-association"|"local-gateway-route-table-virtual-interface-group-association"|"natgateway"|"network-acl"|"network-interface"|"network-insights-analysis"|"network-insights-path"|"network-insights-access-scope"|"network-insights-access-scope-analysis"|"placement-group"|"prefix-list"|"replace-root-volume-task"|"reserved-instances"|"route-table"|"security-group"|"security-group-rule"|"snapshot"|"spot-fleet-request"|"spot-instances-request"|"subnet"|"subnet-cidr-reservation"|"traffic-mirror-filter"|"traffic-mirror-session"|"traffic-mirror-target"|"transit-gateway"|"transit-gateway-attachment"|"transit-gateway-connect-peer"|"transit-gateway-multicast-domain"|"transit-gateway-policy-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table"|"transit-gateway-route-table-announcement"|"volume"|"vpc"|"vpc-endpoint"|"vpc-endpoint-connection"|"vpc-endpoint-service"|"vpc-endpoint-service-permission"|"vpc-peering-connection"|"vpn-connection"|"vpn-gateway"|"vpc-flow-log"|"capacity-reservation-fleet"|"traffic-mirror-filter-rule"|"vpc-endpoint-connection-device-type"|"vpn-connection-device-type",
    "Tags": [
      {
        "Key": "string",
        "Value": "string"
      }
      ...
    ]
  }
  ...
]

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--copy-tags-from-source (string)

Copies the tags from the specified volume to corresponding snapshot.

Possible values:

  • volume

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To create a multi-volume snapshot

The following create-snapshots example creates snapshots of all volumes attached to the specified instance.

aws ec2 create-snapshots \
    --instance-specification InstanceId=i-1234567890abcdef0 \
    --description "This is snapshot of a volume from my-instance"

Output:

{
    "Snapshots": [
        {
            "Description": "This is a snapshot of a volume from my-instance",
            "Tags": [],
            "Encrypted": false,
            "VolumeId": "vol-0a01d2d5a34697479",
            "State": "pending",
            "VolumeSize": 16,
            "StartTime": "2019-08-05T16:58:19.000Z",
            "Progress": "",
            "OwnerId": "123456789012",
            "SnapshotId": "snap-07f30e3909aa0045e"
        },
        {
            "Description": "This is a snapshot of a volume from my-instance",
            "Tags": [],
            "Encrypted": false,
            "VolumeId": "vol-02d0d4947008cb1a2",
            "State": "pending",
            "VolumeSize": 20,
            "StartTime": "2019-08-05T16:58:19.000Z",
            "Progress": "",
            "OwnerId": "123456789012",
            "SnapshotId": "snap-0ec20b602264aad48"
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Example 2: To create a multi-volume snapshot with tags from the source volume

The following create-snapshots example creates snapshots of all volumes attached to the specified instance and copies the tags from each volume to its corresponding snapshot.

aws ec2 create-snapshots \
    --instance-specification InstanceId=i-1234567890abcdef0 \
    --copy-tags-from-source volume \
    --description "This is snapshot of a volume from my-instance"

Output:

{
    "Snapshots": [
        {
            "Description": "This is a snapshot of a volume from my-instance",
            "Tags": [
                {
                    "Key": "Name",
                    "Value": "my-volume"
                }
            ],
            "Encrypted": false,
            "VolumeId": "vol-02d0d4947008cb1a2",
            "State": "pending",
            "VolumeSize": 20,
            "StartTime": "2019-08-05T16:53:04.000Z",
            "Progress": "",
            "OwnerId": "123456789012",
            "SnapshotId": "snap-053bfaeb821a458dd"
        }
        ...
    ]
}

Example 3: To create a multi-volume snapshot not including the root volume

The following create-snapshots example creates a snapshot of all volumes attached to the specified instance except for the root volume.

aws ec2 create-snapshots \
    --instance-specification InstanceId=i-1234567890abcdef0,ExcludeBootVolume=true

Example 4: To create a multi-volume snapshot and add tags

The following create-snapshots example creates snapshots of all volumes attached to the specified instance and adds two tags to each snapshot.

aws ec2 create-snapshots \
    --instance-specification InstanceId=i-1234567890abcdef0
    --tag-specifications ResourceType=snapshot,Tags=[{Key=Name,Value=backup},{Key=costcenter,Value=123}]

Output

Snapshots -> (list)

List of snapshots.

(structure)

Information about a snapshot.

Description -> (string)

Description specified by the CreateSnapshotRequest that has been applied to all snapshots.

Tags -> (list)

Tags associated with this snapshot.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.

Encrypted -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the snapshot is encrypted.

VolumeId -> (string)

Source volume from which this snapshot was created.

State -> (string)

Current state of the snapshot.

VolumeSize -> (integer)

Size of the volume from which this snapshot was created.

StartTime -> (timestamp)

Time this snapshot was started. This is the same for all snapshots initiated by the same request.

Progress -> (string)

Progress this snapshot has made towards completing.

OwnerId -> (string)

Account id used when creating this snapshot.

SnapshotId -> (string)

Snapshot id that can be used to describe this snapshot.

OutpostArn -> (string)

The ARN of the Outpost on which the snapshot is stored. For more information, see Amazon EBS local snapshots on Outposts in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .