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[ aws . rds ]

authorize-db-security-group-ingress

Description

Enables ingress to a DBSecurityGroup using one of two forms of authorization. First, EC2 or VPC security groups can be added to the DBSecurityGroup if the application using the database is running on EC2 or VPC instances. Second, IP ranges are available if the application accessing your database is running on the internet. Required parameters for this API are one of CIDR range, EC2SecurityGroupId for VPC, or (EC2SecurityGroupOwnerId and either EC2SecurityGroupName or EC2SecurityGroupId for non-VPC).

You can't authorize ingress from an EC2 security group in one Amazon Web Services Region to an Amazon RDS DB instance in another. You can't authorize ingress from a VPC security group in one VPC to an Amazon RDS DB instance in another.

For an overview of CIDR ranges, go to the Wikipedia Tutorial .

Note

EC2-Classic was retired on August 15, 2022. If you haven't migrated from EC2-Classic to a VPC, we recommend that you migrate as soon as possible. For more information, see Migrate from EC2-Classic to a VPC in the Amazon EC2 User Guide , the blog EC2-Classic Networking is Retiring – Here’s How to Prepare , and Moving a DB instance not in a VPC into a VPC in the Amazon RDS User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  authorize-db-security-group-ingress
--db-security-group-name <value>
[--cidrip <value>]
[--ec2-security-group-name <value>]
[--ec2-security-group-id <value>]
[--ec2-security-group-owner-id <value>]
[--cli-input-json <value>]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]

Options

--db-security-group-name (string)

The name of the DB security group to add authorization to.

--cidrip (string)

The IP range to authorize.

--ec2-security-group-name (string)

Name of the EC2 security group to authorize. For VPC DB security groups, EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided. Otherwise, EC2SecurityGroupOwnerId and either EC2SecurityGroupName or EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided.

--ec2-security-group-id (string)

Id of the EC2 security group to authorize. For VPC DB security groups, EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided. Otherwise, EC2SecurityGroupOwnerId and either EC2SecurityGroupName or EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided.

--ec2-security-group-owner-id (string)

Amazon Web Services account number of the owner of the EC2 security group specified in the EC2SecurityGroupName parameter. The Amazon Web Services access key ID isn't an acceptable value. For VPC DB security groups, EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided. Otherwise, EC2SecurityGroupOwnerId and either EC2SecurityGroupName or EC2SecurityGroupId must be provided.

--cli-input-json (string) Performs service operation based on the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, the CLI values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command's default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal's quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

To associate an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role with a DB instance

The following authorize-db-security-group-ingress example configures the default security group with an ingress rule for the CIDR IP range 192.0.2.0/24.

aws rds authorize-db-security-group-ingress \
    --db-security-group-name default \
    --cidrip 192.0.2.0/24

Output:

{
    "DBSecurityGroup": {
        "OwnerId": "123456789012",
        "DBSecurityGroupName": "default",
        "DBSecurityGroupDescription": "default",
        "EC2SecurityGroups": [],
        "IPRanges": [
            {
                "Status": "authorizing",
                "CIDRIP": "192.0.2.0/24"
            }
        ],
        "DBSecurityGroupArn": "arn:aws:rds:us-east-1:111122223333:secgrp:default"
    }
}

For more information, see Authorizing Network Access to a DB Security Group from an IP Range in the Amazon RDS User Guide.

Output

DBSecurityGroup -> (structure)

Contains the details for an Amazon RDS DB security group.

This data type is used as a response element in the DescribeDBSecurityGroups action.

OwnerId -> (string)

Provides the Amazon Web Services ID of the owner of a specific DB security group.

DBSecurityGroupName -> (string)

Specifies the name of the DB security group.

DBSecurityGroupDescription -> (string)

Provides the description of the DB security group.

VpcId -> (string)

Provides the VpcId of the DB security group.

EC2SecurityGroups -> (list)

Contains a list of EC2SecurityGroup elements.

(structure)

This data type is used as a response element in the following actions:

  • AuthorizeDBSecurityGroupIngress
  • DescribeDBSecurityGroups
  • RevokeDBSecurityGroupIngress

Status -> (string)

Provides the status of the EC2 security group. Status can be "authorizing", "authorized", "revoking", and "revoked".

EC2SecurityGroupName -> (string)

Specifies the name of the EC2 security group.

EC2SecurityGroupId -> (string)

Specifies the id of the EC2 security group.

EC2SecurityGroupOwnerId -> (string)

Specifies the Amazon Web Services ID of the owner of the EC2 security group specified in the EC2SecurityGroupName field.

IPRanges -> (list)

Contains a list of IPRange elements.

(structure)

This data type is used as a response element in the DescribeDBSecurityGroups action.

Status -> (string)

Specifies the status of the IP range. Status can be "authorizing", "authorized", "revoking", and "revoked".

CIDRIP -> (string)

Specifies the IP range.

DBSecurityGroupArn -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the DB security group.