使用 SDK for PHP Amazon S3 示例 - AWS SDK for PHP

本文為英文版的機器翻譯版本,如內容有任何歧義或不一致之處,概以英文版為準。

使用 SDK for PHP Amazon S3 示例

下列程式碼範例說明如何透過 AWS SDK for PHP 搭配 Amazon S3 使用來執行動作和實作常見案例。

Actions 是大型程式的程式碼摘錄,必須在內容中執行。雖然動作會告訴您如何呼叫個別服務函數,但您可以在其相關情境和跨服務範例中查看內容中的動作。

Scenarios (案例) 是向您展示如何呼叫相同服務中的多個函數來完成特定任務的程式碼範例。

每個範例都包含一個連結 GitHub,您可以在其中找到如何在內容中設定和執行程式碼的指示。

開始使用

下列程式碼範例示範如何開始使用 Amazon S3。

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

use Aws\S3\S3Client; $client = new S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); $results = $client->listBuckets(); var_dump($results);
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考ListBuckets中的。

動作

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用CopyObject

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

簡單複製物件。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $folder = "copied-folder"; $this->s3client->copyObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'CopySource' => "$this->bucketName/$fileName", 'Key' => "$folder/$fileName-copy", ]); echo "Copied $fileName to $folder/$fileName-copy.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to copy $fileName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with object copying before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考CopyObject中的。

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用CreateBucket

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

建立儲存貯體。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $this->s3client->createBucket([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'CreateBucketConfiguration' => ['LocationConstraint' => $region], ]); echo "Created bucket named: $this->bucketName \n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to create bucket $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with bucket creation before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考CreateBucket中的。

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用DeleteBucket

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

刪除空的儲存貯體。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $this->s3client->deleteBucket([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); echo "Deleted bucket $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to delete $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with bucket deletion before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考DeleteBucket中的。

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用DeleteObjects

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

刪除金鑰清單中一整組物件。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $objects = []; foreach ($contents['Contents'] as $content) { $objects[] = [ 'Key' => $content['Key'], ]; } $this->s3client->deleteObjects([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Delete' => [ 'Objects' => $objects, ], ]); $check = $this->s3client->listObjectsV2([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); if (count($check) <= 0) { throw new Exception("Bucket wasn't empty."); } echo "Deleted all objects and folders from $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to delete $fileName from $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with object deletion before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考DeleteObjects中的。

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用GetObject

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

取得物件。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $file = $this->s3client->getObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Key' => $fileName, ]); $body = $file->get('Body'); $body->rewind(); echo "Downloaded the file and it begins with: {$body->read(26)}.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to download $fileName from $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with file downloading before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考GetObject中的。

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用ListObjectsV2

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

列出儲存貯體中的物件。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); try { $contents = $this->s3client->listObjectsV2([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); echo "The contents of your bucket are: \n"; foreach ($contents['Contents'] as $content) { echo $content['Key'] . "\n"; } } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to list objects in $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with listing objects before continuing."); }
  • 有關 API 的詳細信息,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考中的 ListObjectsV2

下列程式碼範例會示範如何使用PutObject

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

將物件上傳至儲存貯體。

$s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); $fileName = __DIR__ . "/local-file-" . uniqid(); try { $this->s3client->putObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Key' => $fileName, 'SourceFile' => __DIR__ . '/testfile.txt' ]); echo "Uploaded $fileName to $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to upload $fileName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with file upload before continuing."); }
  • 如需 API 詳細資訊,請參閱 AWS SDK for PHP API 參考PutObject中的。

案例

以下程式碼範例顯示做法:

  • 建立儲存貯體並上傳檔案到該儲存貯體。

  • 從儲存貯體下載物件。

  • 將物件複製至儲存貯體中的子文件夾。

  • 列出儲存貯體中的物件。

  • 刪除儲存貯體物件和該儲存貯體。

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在AWS 設定和執行程式碼範例儲存庫

echo("\n"); echo("--------------------------------------\n"); print("Welcome to the Amazon S3 getting started demo using PHP!\n"); echo("--------------------------------------\n"); $region = 'us-west-2'; $this->s3client = new S3Client([ 'region' => $region, ]); /* Inline declaration example $s3client = new Aws\S3\S3Client(['region' => 'us-west-2']); */ $this->bucketName = "doc-example-bucket-" . uniqid(); try { $this->s3client->createBucket([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'CreateBucketConfiguration' => ['LocationConstraint' => $region], ]); echo "Created bucket named: $this->bucketName \n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to create bucket $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with bucket creation before continuing."); } $fileName = __DIR__ . "/local-file-" . uniqid(); try { $this->s3client->putObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Key' => $fileName, 'SourceFile' => __DIR__ . '/testfile.txt' ]); echo "Uploaded $fileName to $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to upload $fileName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with file upload before continuing."); } try { $file = $this->s3client->getObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Key' => $fileName, ]); $body = $file->get('Body'); $body->rewind(); echo "Downloaded the file and it begins with: {$body->read(26)}.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to download $fileName from $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with file downloading before continuing."); } try { $folder = "copied-folder"; $this->s3client->copyObject([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'CopySource' => "$this->bucketName/$fileName", 'Key' => "$folder/$fileName-copy", ]); echo "Copied $fileName to $folder/$fileName-copy.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to copy $fileName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with object copying before continuing."); } try { $contents = $this->s3client->listObjectsV2([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); echo "The contents of your bucket are: \n"; foreach ($contents['Contents'] as $content) { echo $content['Key'] . "\n"; } } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to list objects in $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with listing objects before continuing."); } try { $objects = []; foreach ($contents['Contents'] as $content) { $objects[] = [ 'Key' => $content['Key'], ]; } $this->s3client->deleteObjects([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, 'Delete' => [ 'Objects' => $objects, ], ]); $check = $this->s3client->listObjectsV2([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); if (count($check) <= 0) { throw new Exception("Bucket wasn't empty."); } echo "Deleted all objects and folders from $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to delete $fileName from $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with object deletion before continuing."); } try { $this->s3client->deleteBucket([ 'Bucket' => $this->bucketName, ]); echo "Deleted bucket $this->bucketName.\n"; } catch (Exception $exception) { echo "Failed to delete $this->bucketName with error: " . $exception->getMessage(); exit("Please fix error with bucket deletion before continuing."); } echo "Successfully ran the Amazon S3 with PHP demo.\n";

無伺服器範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何實作 Lambda 函數,該函數會接收透過將物件上傳至 S3 儲存貯體而觸發的事件。此函數會從事件參數擷取 S3 儲存貯體名稱和物件金鑰,並呼叫 Amazon S3 API 以擷取和記錄物件的內容類型。

適用於 PHP 的開發套件
注意

還有更多關於 GitHub。尋找完整範例,並了解如何在無伺服器範例儲存庫中設定和執行。

使用 PHP 使用 Lambda 使用 S3 事件。

// Copyright Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. // SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 <?php use Bref\Context\Context; use Bref\Event\S3\S3Event; use Bref\Event\S3\S3Handler; use Bref\Logger\StderrLogger; require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php'; class Handler extends S3Handler { private StderrLogger $logger; public function __construct(StderrLogger $logger) { $this->logger = $logger; } public function handleS3(S3Event $event, Context $context) : void { $this->logger->info("Processing S3 records"); // Get the object from the event and show its content type $records = $event->getRecords(); foreach ($records as $record) { $bucket = $record->getBucket()->getName(); $key = urldecode($record->getObject()->getKey()); try { $fileSize = urldecode($record->getObject()->getSize()); echo "File Size: " . $fileSize . "\n"; // TODO: Implement your custom processing logic here } catch (Exception $e) { echo $e->getMessage() . "\n"; echo 'Error getting object ' . $key . ' from bucket ' . $bucket . '. Make sure they exist and your bucket is in the same region as this function.' . "\n"; throw $e; } } } } $logger = new StderrLogger(); return new Handler($logger);