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Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud
User Guide for Linux Instances

Supported Resource-Level Permissions for Amazon EC2 API Actions

Resource-level permissions refers to the ability to specify which resources users are allowed to perform actions on. Amazon EC2 has partial support for resource-level permissions. This means that for certain Amazon EC2 actions, you can control when users are allowed to use those actions based on conditions that have to be fulfilled, or specific resources that users are allowed to use. For example, you can grant users permission to launch instances, but only of a specific type, and only using a specific AMI.

The following table describes the Amazon EC2 API actions that currently support resource-level permissions, as well as the supported resources (and their ARNs) and condition keys for each action. When specifying an ARN, you can use the * wildcard in your paths; for example, when you cannot or do not want to specify exact resource IDs. For examples of using wildcards, see Example Policies for Working With the AWS CLI, the Amazon EC2 CLI, or an AWS SDK .

Important

If an Amazon EC2 API action is not listed in this table, then it does not support resource-level permissions. If an Amazon EC2 API action does not support resource-level permissions, you can grant users permission to use the action, but you have to specify a * for the resource element of your policy statement. For an example of how to do this, see 1: Read-only access. We'll add support for additional actions, ARNs, and condition keys later. For a list of Amazon EC2 API actions that currently do not support resource-level permissions, see Unsupported Resource-Level Permissions in the Amazon EC2 API Reference.

API ActionResourcesCondition Keys
AcceptVpcPeeringConnection

VPC peering connection

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/vpc-peering-connection-id

ec2:AccepterVpc

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RequesterVpc

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

Where vpc-id is a VPC owned by the accepter.

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Region

ec2:Tenancy

AttachClassicLinkVpc

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

Where the security group is the security group for the VPC.

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Tenancy

AttachVolume

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

Volume

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/volume-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

AuthorizeSecurityGroupEgress

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

CreateVpcPeeringConnection

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

Where vpc-id is a requester VPC.

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Region

ec2:Tenancy

VPC peering connection

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/*

ec2:AccepterVpc

ec2:Region

ec2:RequesterVpc

DeleteCustomerGateway

Customer gateway

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:customer-gateway/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:customer-gateway/cgw-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

DeleteDhcpOptions

DHCP options set

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:dhcp-options/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:dhcp-options/dhcp-options-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

DeleteInternetGateway

Internet gateway

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:internet-gateway/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:internet-gateway/igw-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

DeleteNetworkAcl

Network ACL

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-acl/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-acl/nacl-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

DeleteNetworkAclEntry

Network ACL

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-acl/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-acl/nacl-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

DeleteRoute

Route table

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:route-table/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:route-table/route-table-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

DeleteRouteTable

Route table

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:route-table/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:route-table/route-table-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

DeleteSecurityGroup

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

DeleteVolume

Volume

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/volume-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

DeleteVpcPeeringConnection

VPC peering connection

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/vpc-peering-connection-id

ec2:AccepterVpc

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RequesterVpc

DetachClassicLinkVpc

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Tenancy

DetachVolume

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

Volume

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/volume-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

DisableVpcClassicLink

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Tenancy

EnableVpcClassicLink

VPC

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc/vpc-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Tenancy

GetConsoleScreenshot

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

RebootInstances

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

RejectVpcPeeringConnection

VPC peering connection

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:vpc-peering-connection/vpc-peering-connection-id

ec2:AccepterVpc

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RequesterVpc

RevokeSecurityGroupEgress

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

RevokeSecurityGroupIngress

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

RunInstances

Image

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/*

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/image-id

ec2:ImageType

ec2:Owner

ec2:Public

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

Key pair

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:key-pair/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:key-pair/key-pair-name

ec2:Region

Network interface

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-interface/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-interface/eni-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:Subnet

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

Placement group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:placement-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:placement-group/placement-group-name

ec2:Region

ec2:PlacementGroupStrategy

Security group

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/security-group-id

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

Snapshot

arn:aws:ec2:region::snapshot/*

arn:aws:ec2:region::snapshot/snapshot-id

ec2:Owner

ec2:ParentVolume

ec2:Region

ec2:SnapshotTime

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:VolumeSize

Subnet

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:subnet/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:subnet/subnet-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

Volume

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

StartInstances

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

StopInstances

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

TerminateInstances

Instance

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/instance-id

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

Resource-Level Permissions for RunInstances

The RunInstances API action launches one or more instances, and creates and uses a number of Amazon EC2 resources. The action requires an AMI and creates an instance; and the instance must be associated with a security group. Launching into a VPC requires a subnet, and creates a network interface. Launching from an Amazon EBS-backed AMI creates a volume. The user must have permission to use these resources, so they must be specified in the Resource element of any policy that uses resource-level permissions for the ec2:RunInstances action. If you don't intend to use resource-level permissions with the ec2:RunInstances action, you can specify the * wildcard in the Resource element of your statement instead of individual ARNs.

If you are using resource-level permissions, the following table describes the minimum resources required to use the ec2:RunInstances action.

Type of launchResources requiredCondition keys
Launching into EC2-Classic using an instance store-backed AMI

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/* (or a specific AMI ID)

ec2:ImageType

ec2:Owner

ec2:Public

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/* (or a specific security group ID)

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

Launching into EC2-Classic using an Amazon EBS-backed AMI

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/* (or a specific AMI ID)

ec2:ImageType

ec2:Owner

ec2:Public

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/* (or a specific security group ID)

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

Launching into a VPC using an instance store-backed AMI

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/* (or a specific AMI ID)

ec2:ImageType

ec2:Owner

ec2:Public

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/* (or a specific security group ID)

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-interface/* (or a specific network interface ID)

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:Subnet

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:subnet/* (or a specific subnet ID)

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

Launching into a VPC using an Amazon EBS-backed AMI

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:instance/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:EbsOptimized

ec2:InstanceProfile

ec2:InstanceType

ec2:PlacementGroup

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:Tenancy

arn:aws:ec2:region::image/* (or a specific AMI ID)

ec2:ImageType

ec2:Owner

ec2:Public

ec2:Region

ec2:RootDeviceType

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:security-group/* (or a specific security group ID)

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:network-interface/* (or a specific network interface ID)

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:Subnet

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:volume/*

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:ParentSnapshot

ec2:Region

ec2:VolumeIops

ec2:VolumeSize

ec2:VolumeType

arn:aws:ec2:region:account:subnet/* (or a specific subnet ID)

ec2:AvailabilityZone

ec2:Region

ec2:ResourceTag/tag-key

ec2:Vpc

We recommend that you also specify the key pair resource in your policy — even though it's not required to launch an instance, you cannot connect to your instance without a key pair. For examples of using resource-level permissions with the ec2:RunInstances action, see 4: Launching instances (RunInstances).

For additional information about resource-level permissions in Amazon EC2, see the following AWS Security Blog post: Demystifying EC2 Resource-Level Permissions.