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Amazon Relational Database Service
User Guide (API Version 2014-10-31)

Creating a DB Instance Running the Microsoft SQL Server Database Engine

The basic building block of Amazon RDS is the DB instance. Your Amazon RDS DB instance is similar to your on-premises Microsoft SQL Server. After you create your SQL Server DB instance, you can add one or more custom databases to it.

Important

You must complete the tasks in the Setting Up for Amazon RDS section before you can create or connect to a DB instance.

For an example that walks you through the process of creating and connecting to a sample DB instance, see Creating a Microsoft SQL Server DB Instance and Connecting to a DB Instance.

AWS Management Console

To launch a SQL Server DB instance

  1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the Amazon RDS console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/rds/.

  2. In the top right corner of the Amazon RDS console, choose the region in which you want to create the DB instance.

  3. In the navigation pane, choose Instances.

  4. Choose Launch DB Instance to start the Launch DB Instance Wizard.

    The wizard opens on the Select Engine page. The SQL Server editions that are available vary by region.

    
						Engine selection
  5. In the Select Engine window, choose the SQL Server icon and then choose the Select button for the SQL Server DB engine edition that you want to use. The SQL Server editions that are available vary by region.

  6. The Production? step asks if you are planning to use the DB instance you are creating for production. If you are, choose Yes. If you choose Yes, then the failover option, Multi-AZ, and Provisioned IOPS are all preselected in the following step. We recommend these features for any production environment.

  7. Choose Next to continue. The Specify DB Details page appears.

    On the Specify DB Details page, specify your DB instance information. For information about each setting, see Settings for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances.

    
						DB instance details
  8. Choose Next to continue. The Configure Advanced Settings page appears.

    On the Configure Advanced Settings page, provide additional information that Amazon RDS needs to launch the DB instance. For information about each setting, see Settings for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances.

    
						Additional Configuration panel
  9. Choose Launch DB Instance.

  10. On the final page of the wizard, choose Close.

On the RDS console, the new DB instance appears in the list of DB instances. The DB instance has a status of creating until the DB instance is ready to use. When the state changes to available, you can connect to the DB instance. Depending on the DB instance class and the amount of storage, it can take up to 20 minutes before the new instance is available.


				My DB instances list

CLI

To create a Microsoft SQL Server DB instance by using the AWS CLI, call the create-db-instance command with the parameters below. For information about each setting, see Settings for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances.

  • --db-instance-identifier

  • --db-instance-class

  • --db-security-groups

  • --db-subnet-group

  • --engine

  • --master-user-name

  • --master-user-password

  • --allocated-storage

  • --backup-retention-period

Example

For Linux, OS X, or Unix:

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aws rds create-db-instance --engine sqlserver-se \ --db-instance-identifier mymsftsqlserver \ --allocated-storage 250 \ --db-instance-class db.m1.large \ --db-security-groups mydbsecuritygroup \ --db-subnet-group mydbsubnetgroup \ --master-user-name masterawsuser \ --master-user-password masteruserpassword \ --backup-retention-period 3

For Windows:

Copy
aws rds create-db-instance ^ --engine sqlserver-se ^ --db-instance-identifier mydbinstance ^ --allocated-storage 250 ^ --db-instance-class db.m1.large ^ --db-security-groups mydbsecuritygroup ^ --db-subnet-group mydbsubnetgroup ^ --master-user-name masterawsuser ^ --master-user-password masteruserpassword ^ --backup-retention-period 3

This command should produce output similar to the following:

DBINSTANCE  mydbinstance  db.m1.large  sqlserver-se  250  sa  creating  3  ****  n  10.50.2789
SECGROUP  default  active
PARAMGRP  default.sqlserver-se-10.5  in-sync

API

To create a Microsoft SQL Server DB instance by using the Amazon RDS API, call the CreateDBInstance action with the parameters below. For information about each setting, see Settings for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances.

  • AllocatedStorage

  • BackupRetentionPeriod

  • DBInstanceClass

  • DBInstanceIdentifier

  • DBSecurityGroups

  • DBSubnetGroup

  • Engine

  • MasterUsername

  • MasterUserPassword

Example

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https://rds.amazonaws.com/ ?Action=CreateDBInstance &AllocatedStorage=250 &BackupRetentionPeriod=3 &DBInstanceClass=db.m1.large &DBInstanceIdentifier=mydbinstance &DBSecurityGroups.member.1=mysecuritygroup &DBSubnetGroup=mydbsubnetgroup &Engine=sqlserver-se &MasterUserPassword=masteruserpassword &MasterUsername=masterawsuser &SignatureMethod=HmacSHA256 &SignatureVersion=4 &Version=2014-10-31 &X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 &X-Amz-Credential=AKIADQKE4SARGYLE/20140305/us-west-1/rds/aws4_request &X-Amz-Date=20140305T185838Z &X-Amz-SignedHeaders=content-type;host;user-agent;x-amz-content-sha256;x-amz-date &X-Amz-Signature=b441901545441d3c7a48f63b5b1522c5b2b37c137500c93c45e209d4b3a064a3

Settings for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances

The following table contains details about settings that you choose when you create a SQL Server DB instance.

Setting Setting Description
Allocated Storage

The amount of storage to allocate for your DB instance (in gigabytes). In some cases, allocating a higher amount of storage for your DB instance than the size of your database can improve I/O performance.

For more information, see Storage for Amazon RDS.

Auto Minor Version Upgrade

Yes to enable your DB instance to receive minor DB engine version upgrades automatically when they become available.

Availability Zone

The availability zone for your DB instance. Use the default value of No Preference unless you want to specify an Availability Zone.

For more information, see Regions and Availability Zones.

Backup Retention Period

The number of days that you want automatic backups of your DB instance to be retained. For any non-trivial DB instance, you should set this value to 1 or greater.

For more information, see Working With Backups.

Backup Window

The time period during which Amazon RDS automatically takes a backup of your DB instance. Unless you have a specific time that you want to have your database backup, use the default of No Preference.

For more information, see Working With Backups.

Copy Tags To Snapshots

Select this option to copy any DB instance tags to a DB snapshot when you create a snapshot.

For more information, see Tagging Amazon RDS Resources.

Database Port

The port that you want to access the DB instance through. SQL Server installations default to port 1433. If you use a DB security group with your DB instance, this must be the same port value you provided when creating the DB security group.

DB Engine Version

The version of Microsoft SQL Server that you want to use.

DB Instance Class

The configuration for your DB instance. For example, a db.m1.small instance class equates to 1.7 GB memory, 1 ECU (1 virtual core with 1 ECU), 64-bit platform, and moderate I/O capacity.

If possible, choose an instance class large enough that a typical query working set can be held in memory. When working sets are held in memory the system can avoid writing to disk, and this improves performance.

For more information, see DB Instance Class and DB Instance Class Support for Microsoft SQL Server.

DB Instance Identifier

The name for your DB instance. Name your DB instances in the same way that you would name your on-premises servers. Your DB instance identifier can contain up to 63 alphanumeric characters, and must be unique for your account in the region you chose. You can add some intelligence to the name, such as including the region and DB engine you chose, for example sqlsv-instance1.

DB Parameter Group

A parameter group for your DB instance. You can choose the default parameter group or you can create a custom parameter group.

For more information, see Working with DB Parameter Groups.

Enable Encryption

Yes to enable encryption at rest for this DB instance.

For more information, see Encrypting Amazon RDS Resources.

Enable Enhanced Monitoring

Yes to gather metrics in real time for the operating system that your DB instance runs on.

For more information, see Enhanced Monitoring.

License Model

The license model that you want to use. Choose license-included to use the general license agreement for Microsoft SQL Server. Choose bring-your-own-license to use your existing license.

To use the Bring Your Own License model, you must provide your Microsoft License Mobility Agreement information in the External Licenses section of the Amazon RDS console.

For more information, see Providing External License Information.

Maintenance Window

The 30 minute window in which pending modifications to your DB instance are applied. If the time period doesn't matter, choose No Preference.

For more information, see The Amazon RDS Maintenance Window.

Master Username

The name that you use as the master user name to log on to your DB Instance with all database privileges. The master user name is a SQL Server Authentication login that is a member of the processadmin, public, and setupadmin fixed server roles.

For more information, see Microsoft SQL Server Security.

Master User Password

The password for your master user account. The password must contain from 8 to 128 printable ASCII characters (excluding /,", a space, and @).

Multi-AZ Deployment

Yes to create a standby mirror of your DB instance in another Availability Zone for failover support. We recommend Multi-AZ for production workloads to maintain high availability. For development and testing, you can choose No.

For more information, see Multi-AZ Deployments for Microsoft SQL Server with Database Mirroring.

Option Group

An option group for your DB instance. You can choose the default option group or you can create a custom option group.

For more information, see Working with Option Groups.

Publicly Accessible

Yes to give your DB instance a public IP address. This means that it is accessible outside the VPC (the DB instance also needs to be in a public subnet in the VPC). Choose No if you want the DB instance to only be accessible from inside the VPC.

For more information, see Hiding a DB Instance in a VPC from the Internet.

Storage Type

The storage type for your DB instance.

For more information, see Amazon RDS Storage Types.

Subnet Group

This setting depends on the platform you are on. If you are a new customer to AWS, choose default, which is the default DB subnet group that was created for your account. If you are creating a DB instance on the previous E2-Classic platform and you want your DB instance in a specific VPC, choose the DB subnet group you created for that VPC.

Time Zone

The time zone for your DB instance. If you don't choose a time zone, your DB instance uses the default time zone.

For more information, see Local Time Zone for Microsoft SQL Server DB Instances.

VPC

This setting depends on the platform you are on. If you are a new customer to AWS, choose the default VPC shown. If you are creating a DB instance on the previous E2-Classic platform that does not use a VPC, choose Not in VPC.

For more information, see Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPCs) and Amazon RDS.

VPC Security Group

If you are a new customer to AWS, choose the default VPC. Otherwise, choose the VPC security group you previously created.

For more information, see Working with DB Security Groups (EC2-Classic Platform).

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