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Amazon Simple Storage Service
API Reference (API Version 2006-03-01)

CopyObject (SOAP API)

Note

SOAP support over HTTP is deprecated, but it is still available over HTTPS. New Amazon S3 features will not be supported for SOAP. We recommend that you use either the REST API or the AWS SDKs.

Description

The CopyObject operation creates a copy of an object when you specify the key and bucket of a source object and the key and bucket of a target destination.

When copying an object, you can preserve all metadata (default) or specify new metadata. However, the ACL is not preserved and is set to private for the user making the request. To override the default ACL setting, specify a new ACL when generating a copy request. For more information, see Using ACLs.

All copy requests must be authenticated. Additionally, you must have read access to the source object and write access to the destination bucket. For more information, see Using Auth Access.

To only copy an object under certain conditions, such as whether the Etag matches or whether the object was modified before or after a specified date, use the request parameters CopySourceIfUnmodifiedSince, CopyIfUnmodifiedSince, CopySourceIfMatch, or CopySourceIfNoneMatch.

Note

You might need to configure the SOAP stack socket timeout for copying large objects.

Request Syntax

Copy
<CopyObject xmlns="http://bucket_name.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <SourceBucket>source_bucket</SourceBucket> <SourceObject>source_object</SourceObject> <DestinationBucket>destination_bucket</DestinationBucket> <DestinationObject>destination_object</DestinationObject> <MetadataDirective>{REPLACE | COPY}</MetadataDirective> <Metadata> <Name>metadata_name</Name> <Value>metadata_value</Value> </Metadata> ... <AccessControlList> <Grant> <Grantee xsi:type="user_type"> <ID>user_id</ID> <DisplayName>display_name</DisplayName> </Grantee> <Permission>permission</Permission> </Grant> ... </AccessControlList> <CopySourceIfMatch>etag</CopySourceIfMatch> <CopySourceIfNoneMatch>etag</CopySourceIfNoneMatch> <CopySourceIfModifiedSince>date_time</CopySourceIfModifiedSince> <CopySourceIfUnmodifiedSince>date_time</CopySourceIfUnmodifiedSince> <AWSAccessKeyId>AWSAccessKeyId</AWSAccessKeyId> <Timestamp>TimeStamp</Timestamp> <Signature>Signature</Signature> </CopyObject>

Request Parameters

Name Description Required
SourceBucket

The name of the source bucket.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: A valid source bucket.

Yes
SourceKey

The key name of the source object.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: The key for a valid source object to which you have READ access.

Yes
DestinationBucket

The name of the destination bucket.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: You must have WRITE access to the destination bucket.

Yes
DestinationKey

The key of the destination object.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: You must have WRITE access to the destination bucket.

Yes
MetadataDirective

Specifies whether the metadata is copied from the source object or replaced with metadata provided in the request.

Type: String

Default: COPY

Valid values: COPY | REPLACE

Constraints: Values other than COPY or REPLACE will result in an immediate error. You cannot copy an object to itself unless the MetadataDirective header is specified and its value set to REPLACE.

No
Metadata

Specifies metadata name-value pairs to set for the object.If MetadataDirective is set to COPY, all metadata is ignored.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: None.

No
AccessControlList

Grants access to users by e-mail addresses or canonical user ID.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: None

No
CopySourceIfMatch

Copies the object if its entity tag (ETag) matches the specified tag; otherwise return a PreconditionFailed.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: None. If the Etag does not match, the object is not copied.

No
CopySourceIfNoneMatch

Copies the object if its entity tag (ETag) is different than the specified Etag; otherwise returns an error.

Type: String

Default: None

Constraints: None.

No
CopySourceIfUnmodifiedSince

Copies the object if it hasn't been modified since the specified time; otherwise returns a PreconditionFailed.

Type: dateTime

Default: None

No
CopySourceIfModifiedSince

Copies the object if it has been modified since the specified time; otherwise returns an error.

Type: dateTime

Default: None

No

Response Syntax

Copy
<CopyObjectResponse xmlns="http://bucket_name.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <CopyObjectResponse> <ETag>"etag"</ETag> <LastModified>timestamp</LastModified> </CopyObjectResponse> </CopyObjectResponse>

Response Elements

Following is a list of response elements.

Note

The SOAP API does not return extra whitespace. Extra whitespace is only returned by the REST API.

Name Description
Etag

Returns the etag of the new object. The ETag only reflects changes to the contents of an object, not its metadata.

Type: String

Ancestor: CopyObjectResult

LastModified

Returns the date the object was last modified.

Type: String

Ancestor: CopyObjectResult

For information about general response elements, see Using REST Error Response Headers.

Special Errors

There are no special errors for this operation. For information about general Amazon S3 errors, see List of Error Codes.

Examples

This example copies the flotsam object from the pacific bucket to the jetsam object of the atlantic bucket, preserving its metadata.

Sample Request

Copy
<CopyObject xmlns="http://doc.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <SourceBucket>pacific</SourceBucket> <SourceObject>flotsam</SourceObject> <DestinationBucket>atlantic</DestinationBucket> <DestinationObject>jetsam</DestinationObject> <AWSAccessKeyId>AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE</AWSAccessKeyId> <Timestamp>2008-02-18T13:54:10.183Z</Timestamp> <Signature>Iuyz3d3P0aTou39dzbq7RrtSFmw=</Signature> </CopyObject>

Sample Response

Copy
<CopyObjectResponse xmlns="http://doc.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <CopyObjectResponse> <ETag>"828ef3fdfa96f00ad9f27c383fc9ac7f"</ETag> <LastModified>2008-02-18T13:54:10.183Z</LastModified> </CopyObjectResponse> </CopyObjectResponse>

This example copies the "tweedledee" object from the wonderland bucket to the "tweedledum" object of the wonderland bucket, replacing its metadata.

Sample Request

Copy
<CopyObject xmlns="http://doc.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <SourceBucket>wonderland</SourceBucket> <SourceObject>tweedledee</SourceObject> <DestinationBucket>wonderland</DestinationBucket> <DestinationObject>tweedledum</DestinationObject> <MetadataDirective >REPLACE</MetadataDirective > <Metadata> <Name>Content-Type</Name> <Value>text/plain</Value> </Metadata> <Metadata> <Name>relationship</Name> <Value>twins</Value> </Metadata> <AWSAccessKeyId>AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE</AWSAccessKeyId> <Timestamp>2008-02-18T13:54:10.183Z</Timestamp> <Signature>Iuyz3d3P0aTou39dzbq7RrtSFmw=</Signature> </CopyObject>

Sample Response

Copy
<CopyObjectResponse xmlns="http://doc.s3.amazonaws.com/2006-03-01"> <CopyObjectResponse> <ETag>"828ef3fdfa96f00ad9f27c383fc9ac7f"</ETag> <LastModified>2008-02-18T13:54:10.183Z</LastModified> </CopyObjectResponse> </CopyObjectResponse>

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